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Chapter 4 Summary and Homework

by: Cooper Johnson

Chapter 4 Summary and Homework TFM 160

Cooper Johnson
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About this Document

These notes cover what will be on the next quiz, midterm or final from Chapter 4. He makes his study guides directly from the weekly homework.
Cinema as Art & Communicat
S. Voytilla
Class Notes
Film, TFM160, Film Television UCSC, film and media studies, film studies 46




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Cooper Johnson on Tuesday October 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to TFM 160 at San Diego State University taught by S. Voytilla in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 317 views. For similar materials see Cinema as Art & Communicat in Television, Film & New Media at San Diego State University.

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Date Created: 10/04/16
Define narrative, narration, and narrator. Explain how they are related. The narrative is the story. Narration is the act of storytelling. The narrator is who or what tells the story. Basically, the narrator delivers the narration that conveys the narrative. Explain the function of the camera narrator, a first-person narrator, and a third-person narrator. The function of a camera narrator is to act as the primary narrator by selecting what we see and shaping when and how we see it. A first-person narrator is usually in the form of a character’s perspective, typically imparted in a voice-over narration. Voice-over narrations can also be used in third-person narratives, but from the perspective of someone removed from the action. Explain the function of omniscient and restricted narration. Provide examples of both. Omniscient narration means it knows all and can tell the viewer whatever it wants us to know without restriction from the story. It shows the audience whatever it needs to best tell the story. Restricted narration limits the information it provides the audience to things known only to a specific character. This encourages the audience to identify with the character’s singular perspective on perplexing/frightening events. Ex: Omniscient- Harry Potter, Restricted- I Am Legend List and define the different character types. Give an example of each type from a movie you have seen recently. Round Characters and Flat Characters. A round character is complex and is expected to have conflicting or distinct character traits and eventually change over the story. A flat character can be equally as vibrant of a character but generally does not experience change over the course of the story. Ex: Round- President Snow from Hunger Games, Flat- Jack Sparrow List and explain the elements of narrative structure. A narrative is typically split into three acts: beginning, middle, and end. Act 1 sets up the story, establishes the normal world, the characters and their goals, and the catalyst (inciting incident). Act 2 develops it using obstacles/establishing the antagonist sending the characters on their journey, raising the stakes and reaching the climax. Act 3 resolves the story. Define plot and story. Explain how they are related. Story is all of the narrative events that are explicitly represented on screen plus all the events that are implicit or that we have inferred to have happened. This includes all diegetic elements (elements that make up entire “world” on screen). Plot consists of specific actions and events that the filmmakers select and the order in which they arrange those events. This includes all non-diegetic elements like narration, score, titles, superimposed words (elements that are not a part of the story’s world). They are related since they inherently cross over where the explicitly presented events occur. Discuss the relationship between order, significance, and duration of plot events. Plot order can be manipulated so that events are presented in non-chronological sequences that emphasize significance or meaning or that establishes desired expectations in audiences. Events are chosen specifically to most effectively tell the story and plot duration measures exactly that; the amount of passing time in the events you witness as the viewer. List and define the three kinds of relationships between screen duration and story duration. Summary relationship is when the screen duration is shorter than the plot duration. Real time is when the screen duration corresponds directly to plot duration and a Stretch relationship is when screen duration exceeds plot duration.


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