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Police in Modern Society, Week 2 Class Notes

by: Maggie Loy

Police in Modern Society, Week 2 Class Notes Crim Jus 288

Marketplace > University of Wisconsin - Oshkosh > Criminal Justice > Crim Jus 288 > Police in Modern Society Week 2 Class Notes
Maggie Loy
GPA 3.3

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About this Document

These notes are from the second week of class and the information will be on our first exam.
Police in Modern Society
Jason Lee
Class Notes
policing, american, police departments, police, Police Administration, National Police, Law, crime, Prevention, system
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Maggie Loy on Tuesday October 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Crim Jus 288 at University of Wisconsin - Oshkosh taught by Jason Lee in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see Police in Modern Society in Criminal Justice at University of Wisconsin - Oshkosh.


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Date Created: 10/04/16
Policing Week 2 Notes Policing is reflective of government and society Changes over time How did we use to enforce the law? Kin Policing Earliest form Emerged when we were a collection of small tribes Each citizen responsible for aiding their neighbors Informal social control Deviation from norms cut off body part that corresponds with crime/ branding Praefectus Urbi First paid police officers (in Rome) Distinct branches/ political system First attempt of modern police force Collapse led to  night force Sheriffs and Frankpledge in old England Frankpledge system Community based Each male over age 12 had to form group with 9 neighbors Tithing = 10 neighbors Tithings = 10 families Hundreds = 10 tithings  Single parishes  Multiple shire Sworn to apprehend and deliver to court Failure to perform duties  fine Deputies = Justice of the peace  Constables and watchmen Assist sheriff Supervise Conduct investigations Took charge of prisoners Night watchmen Guard gates Hue and cry = call to harm Unprofessional  Drunk/ sleeping 18  century crime prevention Gendarme­ spy No due process Arrest people for the hell of it No time limit/ charges Could be help without a trial for a long time No legal assistance  Kept in secret from family/ friends No right to face accuser Punishment Horrific mutilation Public execution Burned alive “Broken” on the wheel Pillory The Industrial Revolution Rapid development England/ Europe More Urban setting Large scale factories Modern slums   Rise in crime The New Urbanity Urban decay (couldn’t sustain) No form of social control Wage protests, food riots Waste problems The bow street runners Henry Fielding Hallmark of policing Foot patrol= walking around Horse patrol= extended First detective unit Respond to crime scene Criminal investigation Sir Robert Peel Centralized police force Main goal = crime prevention Metropolitan police act of 1829 Created first organized police force Birth of modern policing Peel’s principles of policing Under government control Cannot be acting on their own Parliament Military organization Clearly defined roles Additional control Buildings easily located/ accessible  Police should understand crime Receive training  experts Distributed by time and area Available to everyone all the time High quality selection and training Certain skills Officers should be even­tempered Enforce peace, not make it worse Easily identifiable Uniform, badge number Clean appearance Shaven, short hair Well presented Policing in America What brought policing to the colonies? Suppress mob violence Enforce social control Keep the “dangerous classes” in line Poor people Threat to people with money Explosion of urbanity More crime Policing the West (frontier; unsettled) Law enforcement for rural areas Sheriffs  Operate jails Order maintenance Contract law enforcement services The Political Model Serving a party’s interest rather than the public  “To the victor go the spoils” Poor job security Brutal and corrupt Police deviance high Bought their promotions Pay for more power Theft/ crime rings Organized crime Errand boys for political machines Controlled underclass  Provided social services Soup kitchens, let homeless stay in PD The Professional model LAPD considered gold standard Traditional bureaucracy  Officers are trained experts Separate from politics Efficient What led to the professional model? European developments in crime fighting Bertillon system Construction of database of identifying features Fingerprints  Changes in American society Police reform movement Chicago and Wickersham commissions August Vollmer (Berkely, CA) Merit system for hiring/ promotions Crime prevention Motorized patrol Fingerprint databases First juvenile unit Psychological screening of job applicants College education for cops


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