Week 6 Chapter 3
Week 6 Chapter 3 SOCA 101 young hee song
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by marleeelyse on Tuesday October 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOCA 101 young hee song at West Virginia University taught by Kirsten Young-Hee Song in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see Sociology 101 in Sociology at West Virginia University.
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Date Created: 10/04/16
Week 6 Chapter 3 Not true: "Everyone loves Ramen" Not everyone in the world likes Ramen "Everyone knows that" "Who doesn’t know that?" Common Sense IS what we believe as "truth" really "truth" ??? A gap between common sense and reality Common Errors in Common Sense 1 Selective observation When we conclude that what we have all observed or what we know to be true for some cases is true for all cases 1 Overgeneralization Choosing to look only at things that are line with our preferences or beliefs or convenience -Inaccurate Observation -Incomplete Interpretation Ex: Women are bad drivers, men are all afraid of commitment, poor people are lazy, men don’t enjoy shopping 1 Illogical Reasoning o Making casual arguments on the basis of invalid assumptions Examples: More presents = more love 1 Resistance to Change o Ego-based commitments o Excessive devotion to tradition o Uncritical agreement with authority o Examples: smart phones are better Knowing by experience and intuition: Empiricism: the gathering of information and evidence using one’s senses, especially ones eyes and ears, to experience the social world Social Research The systematic process of crafting questions about the social world and finding answers. The Scientific Method o Logical and systematic methods to answer questions o Others can inspect and evaluate the research methods and the findings of the existing studies Types of Social Research by Research Purposes Descriptive Exploratory Explanatory Evaluative Research Research Research Research Simply There are Identify Describes describe the fact few/no earlier causes and effects of or identify the Trends, studies to refer to. social phenomenon social policies and differences, To gain and predict changes programs variations in social insights or in response to How phenomenon familiarity about variations in another effective "football- "How many research subjects phenomenon watch" is to create WVU students watch What do What effects students' sense of football games in WVU students does football-watch in belonging in WVU groups?" experience when groups have in watching a football students college game lives? Social Research The systematic process of crafting questions about the social world and finding answers What questions do researchers have? Depending on approaches to reality and knowledge? Ontology-what constitutes Reality/ Existence? Epistemology-What constitutes Valid Knowledge and How Can We Obtain it? Assumptions POSITIVISM INTERPRETIVISM Nature of Reality Objective, tangible, single Arbitrary, malleable, multiple Knower/ Known Rigid separation Interactive, cooperative Relationship Goal Of Research Explanation, predication Understanding meanings Focus of interest General, representative ex: all Specific, Unique, relational ex: Americans specific group of people Desired Information How many people think/do a What some people think/do specific thing Knowledge generated Absolute laws Relative (context/culture/value bound) Research Method Quantitative Research Qualitative Research Quantitative Research: Explanation, prediction General, representative Qualitative Research Understanding meanings Specific, unique, relational Survey Research: Population: the entire set of individuals to which study findings are to be generalized Sample: A subset of the population