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HSCI 3000 - Week 7 Notes

by: Nancy Kanarski

HSCI 3000 - Week 7 Notes HSCI

Marketplace > East Tennessee State University > HSCI > HSCI 3000 Week 7 Notes
Nancy Kanarski
GPA 3.97

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About this Document

Unpaired branches of abdominal aorta, portal hypertension, and kidney structure and function. Last set of notes before exam 2.
Human Anatomy
Class Notes
Human, anatomy, Kidney
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Nancy Kanarski on Tuesday October 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HSCI at East Tennessee State University taught by Forsman in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views.


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Date Created: 10/04/16
Human Anatomy September 4 BRANCHES OF ABDOMINAL AORTA Celiac trunk (T12)  Common hepatic a.  Splenic a.   Left gastric a. Superior mesenteric a. (L1)  becomes ileocolic a  Right colic a.  Middle colic a.  Intestinal aa.  Inferior pancreaticoduodenal a. Inferior mesenteric a. (L3)  Left colic a.  Superior rectal aa.  Sigmoidal aa. PORTAL HYPERTENSION (High BP in vein)  Splenomegaly: enlarged spleen due to backed up blood – causes mono and liver disease  Esophageal varices: swollen veins in esophagus (fragile veins)  Chronic hemorrhoids: back up into sinuses of inferior rectal a.  Caput medusa: snakelike veins around belly button, could die if pierced  KIDNEY (filter waste out of the blood and turn it into urine to leave the body)  Floating kidney (renal ptosis): kidney moves down due to not being suspended in renal  fat, kinks ureter.  o Could be fatal by causing urine backup and urinemic poisoning – not a starving  issue when the fat disappears, caused by disease.  Renal v. is most anterior  Glomerular capillaries: leak through fenestrations – just filter o Come out as efferent arterioles (exit)  branch into peritubular capillaries and  vasa recta  then become the efferent venule Nephron  Proximal convoluted tubule: begin reabsorption from filtrate  Nephron loop  Distal convoluted tubule: mostly water (urine) Collecting duct: not part of nephron loop We make 1.5 L of urine and 180 L of filtrate daily! Renal autoregulation:   Control own BP­55 mm Hg in afferent arteriole o Granular juxtaglomerular cells tell blood to slow down. More of these cells on  afferent arteriole


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