Song Lit, week 7, Gustav Mahler
Song Lit, week 7, Gustav Mahler MUS 420B 001
University of Hawaii at Manoa
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Leah Ralston on Tuesday October 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to MUS 420B 001 at University of Hawaii at Manoa taught by James Blair-Boone Migura in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 2 views. For similar materials see Mus Literature Lab: Solo voice in Music at University of Hawaii at Manoa.
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Date Created: 10/04/16
▯ 10.3.16 – Gustav Mahler (1860-1911) His wife Alma Mahler was considered the most beautiful woman in Vienna. He felt like a foreigner because he was a Czeck living among Austrians, An Austrian among Germans, and as a Jew among the world. Two basic themes of his songs: o The Wanderer (pre-1900) o Derkindentoten lieder (after-1900) Songs on the death of children. Rükert lost 2 children (wrote 428 poems on dealing with that loss.) Mahler took 5 of those poems and set them to music. Mahler was 1 or 12 children and only 6 survived. Alma (wife) told him not to write the songs because she was pregnant at the time. He eventually lost his daughter 3-4 years later. Alma was also a musician. She stopped composing because Mahler asked her to, but she later had an affair because Alma was frustrated with this loss of identity, she felt stifled. Eventually she started to have a little bit of a career in music sadly after Mahler passed away. o Mahler wrote his own poetry in the style of the poets from his “wandering” songs. ▯ ▯ *Make style sheet for Mahler and Strauss ▯ Poetry (wrote his own poetry) Change words/phrases Style: Change the genre (fused lieder with orcherstra) o He composed: Art song Symphony He is the first composer to bring together both of these art forms. o Attracted to deeper voices for their rich color. Color was needed to be heard over the orchestra. Criticized for his music being too “earthy”. His music needs a strong tessitura because it has a wide range. o Says he isn’t afraid of “death”. He chooses subjects that are otherworldly in nature. Asleep (in the womb) Half-awake (during life) Death (fully realized) He was a conductor at the Met and of the New York Philharmonic. He died of a bacterial disease that affected his heart. Some of his music has a Jewish or Eastern European melody or rhythm to it (very subtle).