Psychology of Personality; Week 4
Psychology of Personality; Week 4 PSY 01230 1
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PSY 01230 1
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Notetaker Magazzu on Tuesday October 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 01230 1 at Rowan University taught by Dinzeo in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 2 views. For similar materials see Psychology of Personality in Psychology (PSYC) at Rowan University.
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Date Created: 10/04/16
Psychic Energy: How It Operates Cathexis - Linking psychic energy to some thought or mental process - If a lot of energy is linked to a thought, it becomes an unconscious longing - Example: House hunting, finding the perfect home, and picturing yourself in it… it all gets stuck in your head - Fantasy/longing that eventually pushes you to make the move to achieve what you want (for example, that specific house in mind) Anticathexis - Energy tied to prevent irrational, immoral, or unacceptable thoughts - Energy can “build-up” and create problems - Part of our personality that puts the wall up, to stop you from giving in to the longing, or the fantast regarding something or a situation Catharsis: release of emotion tension - When there is an increase in pressure, the catharsis is eventually releasing that tension to a place of peace and relief (like a dam) Psychoanalytic Notions of Anxiety -Anxiety is a signal that the ego is being threatened -Realistic Anxiety- the simplest type of fear (when a bear is running after you) -Neurotic Anxiety- unproportioned fear (too much fear for a situation) -unsuccessful channeling of id impulses -Moral Anxiety- guilt (superego) - when breaking your moral code Spectrum of Psychopathology (according to psychodynamic perspective) -Neurosis (in touch with reality) - Freud believed we all have a little bit of neurotic behavior -Borderline Personality Disorder -Psychosis (out of touch) - when the ego is completely overwhelmed (most extreme case) The Ego Needs Protection -The ego would crumble in the face of the id and superego without help due to the pressures it experiences Defense Mechanisms -Operate at an unconscious level -Either deny or distort reality Examples: Repression- painful thoughts or feelings are excluded from awareness Examples of things people may repress: sexual molestation, rape, abuse Projection- attributing one’s own unacceptable desires and impulses to other people Rationalization- developing “acceptable” reasons to explain behavior Example: if you have 5 interviews and don’t get hired, you may rationalize (distort reality to ease the pain) and say those companies were not a good fit for you anyway, or the interviewers were bias, or you must have had a bad letter of recommendation Reaction Formation- unacceptable emotions are replaced by their direct opposites Example: If you are homosexual but don’t find that acceptable, you will express to people how wrong you think homosexuality is, and how you are disgusted by it Displacement- discharging impulses on a “safer target” Example: When you hate your boss, and you disagree with them but you can’t say anything or confront them so you go home and are miserable every day and take your frustration out on your family and personal relationship (you may even come home and ‘kick the dog’) Therapy -Make unconscious conscious (insight) -Need to bypass out usual defense mechanisms -Basic premise for psychological intervention Free Association -Each type of response from the person experiencing free association means something -How the person respond means something -How quickly the person respond means something -Each person’s generated material is different and means different things Bypassing Defenses -Dream work (some of our defenses come out symbolically in our dreams) -Free Association -“Projective” Tests (different tests determine perspective) -Rorschach Ink Blots -possible themes may occur to a person looking at a series of ink blots -pouring out yourself, your past experiences, beliefs, and thoughts into your response -Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) Thematic Apperception Test -Developed at Harvard during the 1930’s -Client forms a story based on pictures -clinician looks for “themes” -Projective test--> Thematic -Stimuli less ambiguous than Rorschach (not as random at Rorschach) When being shown a random picture and told to make up a story to follow the picture… -A person’s response portrays their interpersonal aspects Analyze Themes considering… The need of the protagonist -Affiliation, achievement, sex Environmental “presses” -Rejection, danger What is the value of this approach compared to Rorschach? -Rorschach is more of a vague image (ink blot) so you tend to get more social themes and concepts with this approach due to more detail rather than just solid images -Reliability and validity have been questioned regarding these tests due to them being used in a clinical sense (ex: when deciding whether or not a parent is fit to have custody of their child, or when determining whether or not someone should be sent to prison or not)
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