History Notes 10.10.16
History Notes 10.10.16 1311-002
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Francisco Soto on Tuesday October 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 1311-002 at University of Texas at Arlington taught by Rufki Salihi in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see history in History at University of Texas at Arlington.
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Date Created: 10/04/16
The federalist Nine of the 13 states had to ratify the document. Not a given that ratification would occur. Each state elected delegates to special convention. The federalist was published to support for ratification. Hamilton argued that govt. was an expression of freedom, not its enemy. Madison had a new vision of the relationship between govt. and society in Federalist no. 10 and no. 51. Madison argued that the large size of the U.S. was a source of stability, not weakness. Madison helped to popularize the liberal idea that men are generally motivated by self-interest and the good of society arises from the clash of these private interests. The anti-Federalists. Anti-Federalists, who opposed ratification, argued that the republic had to be small and warned that the constitution would result in an oppressive government. Liberty was the Anti-Federalists watchword. They argued for a bill of Rights. Federalists tended to be men of substantial property, urban dwellers, seeking prosperity, and rural residents tied to the commercial marketplace. Anti-Federalists drew support from small farmers in more isolated rural areas. Federalists dominated the press which helped them carry the day. Madison won support for the Constitution by promising a bill of right later. By mid-1788 the required nine states had ratified. The Bill of Rights Madison believed the constitution would protect liberty without the addition of a bill of rights. Still, to satisfy the constitution critics, Madison introduced a bill of rights to the first congress. In a sense, the bill of rights defined the unalienable rights of the declaration of independence. Some rights such as prohibiting of excessive bail and cruel and unusual punishments reflected English roots. Freedom of religion and freedom of speech and press were totally American. National identity The constitution identifies 3 populations inhabiting the U.S. Indians Other persons which meant slaves. People who were the only ones entitled to American freedom. American nationally combined aspects of both civic and ethic nationalisms. Indians in the new nation Indian tribes seen by most white Americans as savages, had no representation in the new govt. The treaty system was used with Indians, and congress forbade the transfer of Indian land without federal approval. The U.S. victory at the Battle of Fallen Timbers led to the Treaty of Greenville in 1795. Blacks and the republic The status of citizenship for free blacks was left to individual states. Crevecoeur letters form an American farmer described America as a melting pot of Europeans Like Crevecoeur many white Americans excluded blacks from their conception of the American people. The naturalization act of 1790 limited naturalization to free white persons. Jefferson slavery and race John locke and others maintained that reason was essential to having liberty. Many white americans did not consider blacks to be rational beings. Jefferson´s Notes on the state of Virginia claimed blacks lacked self-control, reason, and devotion to the large community. Jfferson saw slave trade as immoral and tried to avoid selling his own slaves. Ironically upon his death more than 200 of his slaves were sold to pay his large debts. Prinvciples of freedom The revolution widended the divide of free americans and those who were considered slaves.
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