Psychology of Personality; Week 4
Psychology of Personality; Week 4 PSY 01230 1
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PSY 01230 1
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Notetaker Magazzu on Tuesday October 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 01230 1 at Rowan University taught by Dinzeo in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 2 views. For similar materials see Psychology of Personality in Psychology (PSYC) at Rowan University.
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Date Created: 10/04/16
“Psychosexual” Development -Erogenous zones Stages Crisis -Oral (0-18 months) Weaning -Anal (1.5 – 3 years) Toilet Training -Phallic (3-5 years) Sexual feelings for parent -Latent (6-12 years) Enlarging social group -Genital (12+) Intimate relations Freud developed stages of development Oral- during process of feeding (breast/bottle feeding) -children come to know the world through their mouths (it is common to see children put objects/toys in their mouths) -Crisis: Weaning -how the child deals with this process can be reflected in the future aspects of personality characteristics Anal- some kids are resistant, anxious, and emotional towards toilet training -some conflicts may arise, it all depends on the caregivers attitude during this proves -again, it could set future characteristic of personality Example: “anal-retentive”… high expectations, perfectionist/anal- expulsive… rebellion against strict rules or not enough guidance Phallic- Concepts related to psychosexual stages during Phallic Stage -Oedipal Complex- a boy’s sexual desires towards his mother (jealously hatred for his father) -Castration Anxiety- fear of being emasculated by father because of rivalry for mom -Penis Envy- female desire for penis and the power it represents Latent- overt expressions of sexuality begin to go underground, into latency (out of sight, out of mind) -Crisis: developing peer/social connections Genital- adolescent stage… reemergence of sexuality -Crisis: developing intimate relationships In Therapy… Transference- previous relationship patterns are “transferred” on to the therapy relationship -This is Freud trying to understand the competition between a son and his father through the lens of Psychosexual Development -He was extremely focused on the early stages of development Parapraxias -Expression of the unconscious in everyday life -“Slips of the tongue” (Freudian slip) -(when you say something you did not intend to, perhaps theses are true statements of your interpersonal thoughts) -Forgetfulness -Losing Things -Use of jokes and humor -All of these indicate expression of repressed impulses -Freud was focused on looking for evidence regarding conflicts within us during everyday life Strengths of Psychoanalysis -Cultivated the notion of unconscious processes -We aren’t fully aware of why we do what we do -We do internalize our early experiences -Still clinically relevant today -There is research to stand for early stages determining future actions and aspects of personality -Defense mechanisms -sometimes we make distortions of how we perceive the world -can sometimes lead to disorders (such as personality disorders) Criticisms… -Over reliance on case-study approach -can affect generalizability -Psychoanalytic constructs not easily measured (poor reliability = questionable validity) -Over-emphasis on sex, aggression, and childhood -De-emphasis on told of culture and adult experience -Freud was interested in internal conflicts/reasoning for actions
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