Chapter 7 Week 6
Chapter 7 Week 6 History 1302
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Shelby on Tuesday October 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to History 1302 at Southwest Texas Junior College taught by J. Overfelt in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 12 views. For similar materials see History 1301 in United states history at Southwest Texas Junior College.
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Date Created: 10/04/16
Chapter 7 Founding of a Nation 1783-1789 America under the Confederation A. Articles of Confederation a) The Articles were the first written constitution in the U.S. 1. One-House congress: Every state had 1 representative. Unicameral Legislative. 2. No President. 3. No Judiciary. b) Only powers granted to national government were declaring war, conducting foreign affairs, & making treaties. They couldn’t levy money or put taxes into play. B. The Confederation’s weaknesses a) The war had created an economic crisis that the government could not control. b) States begin to adopt their own economic policies. c) Shay’s Rebellion: Daniel Shay leads a rebellion to shut down courts in Massachusetts. In January 1787 the rebellion was dismantled. It showed the Articles of Confederation was not working. A New Constitution A. Structure of Government a) Prominent, wealthy, & well educated men took place in the Constitutional Convention; no women, common people, African Americans, or Indians. b) Virginia Plan- large state plan. Number of population. Bi-cameral legislature. More people, more representation. c) New Jersey Plan- small state plan. Single house legislature. Each state gets 1 vote. d) The Great Compromise- Bi-cameral legislature. House of Representation- population numbers determine number of representatives. 6 year terms. B. Separation of Powers a) Constitution embodies federalism & a system of checks & balances. C. Final Document a) Final Draft signed on September 17, 1787. At least 9 states are needed for ratification. Ratification Debate & the Bill of Rights A. There was a race to get 9 of the 13 states to ratify the constitution. B. The Federalists (fine as is) vs. Anti-federalists (too vague) - The Federalists papers tried to persuade that the constitution was fine. - Anti-federalists thought certain things needed to be said specifically; needed a Bill of Rights. 12/92 newspapers favored the Anti-federalists. C. By Mid-1788, 9 states ratified the constitution. (200 to 12 amendments down to 10 amendments that became the Bill of Rights.) D. Bill of Rights 1. Freedom of speech, religion, press, assembly, and petition. 2. Well-armed militias; right to bear arms. 3. No quartering of troops during peace time. 4. Right to be secure of belongings at home. (unreasonable searches/seizures) 5. Self-incrimination; right to remain silent; double jeopardy. 6. Right to trial by jury. 7. Trial by jury for 20$ or more. 8. Cruel and unusual punishment; excessive bail. 9. Specific power to the Federal Government. 10. Rights to the people. (States Rights.)
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