Session 3 Lecture Notes
Session 3 Lecture Notes History 202
Popular in United states history since 1865
Popular in History
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Elly Notetaker on Wednesday October 5, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to History 202 at California Polytechnic State University San Luis Obispo taught by Gregory Domber in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see United states history since 1865 in History at California Polytechnic State University San Luis Obispo.
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Date Created: 10/05/16
Session 3 Notes: The English Empire in North America Chesapeake Colonies Jamestown was the first English colony Picked to stay away from Spanish in Florida and Caribbean British was not as powerful in the beginning Economic Pressures in England Economic crisis in England Enclosure of land and dislocation of poor into cities West Country Men promoted colonies to send poor to place excess labor Mercantilism: trying to enrich home cities o In colonies to extract new raw materials to send back o Economic motives Jamestown 1607 King gives contract to Virginia Company of London to colonize a certain region and bring home goods Set up a triangular wooden fort Not in a good location: very swampy, mosquitoes brought disease 20% of colonists survived Very unprepared Powhatan and Pocahontas Local population of Indian saves tribe and feeds them Chief was Powhatan o He had 100 children and wives Pursued good relations with English for trade British looked down on Indians o Polytheistic, lazy (no private property) England is Anglican and doesn’t bring missionaries Indians were economic subordinates first, not interested in saving souls Relationship begins to sour o Asks for more food and takes more land Powhatan was unhappy with the amount of trade Violence erupts: kills colonists with corn in their mouths Abates when British capture Pocahontas, Powhatan’s favorite daughter o Come to a treaty Pocahontas lived in the colony, married, converted, and traveled to England to get investors She dies, violence erupts Tobacco Jamestown learned that the tobacco was more mild Began to grow, dry, and store for transport The export saves the Virginia Company Becomes popular back in Europe Promotes café culture Grew rapidly and doubled each year Indentured Servitude Tobacco increased colony’s need for labor Contract: passage to America in exchange for time of work 75% of immigrants were indentured servants and unskilled laborers Time could be added o Pregnancy, illness, not productive Received food, clothing, and shelter to get by Large male population, very few women and families Most servants died If survived they could earn their freedom and receive clothes and land o Promise of land drew servants Dependent on new servants Class Distinctions 25% of population was free immigrants Some craftsmen Wealthy received access to most and best land If you paid your own way to get there you received 50 acres of land plus an additional 50 acres per servant you brought House of Burgesses o Elected representative body o Governor was in charge o Common law but favored wealthy o Creates idea of democracy Class tensions New England Economy Diverse groups of people o More craftsmen, small farmers (no major crops or large plantations) o Less servants o Better gender balance: 6 men to 4 women o More families o Less reliant on immigrants o Bigger population Stable social structure o Church played a central role: Puritans Big export is cod fish o Protein o Big fishing industry – ship building, lumber, farming Economy focused on themselves not exports o Self-sustaining Carolina Colonies Barbados and Charleston Barbados economy dominated by sugar plants Generated more trade and capital, very wealthy New England made ships and barrels and their cod was sent to Barbados Barbados was heavily reliant on African slaves o Majority of their population English colonists from Barbados founded Charleston o South of Chesapeake: sign of growing English confidence o Land for people deal o Free white men got land and extra land for slaves o Wealth stayed with wealthy o Reliant on African slaves Start to cultivate rice o Grows and makes Carolinas successful Grows indigo o Becomes part of textile industry in England Becomes wealthiest state by 1740
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