HIS 2110, Week 6 Civil War
HIS 2110, Week 6 Civil War HIST 2110
Popular in Survey of U.S History (HIST 2110-
Popular in History
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Hagar Notetaker on Wednesday October 5, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 2110 at Georgia State University taught by Prof. Casey P. Cater in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 8 views. For similar materials see Survey of U.S History (HIST 2110- in History at Georgia State University.
Reviews for HIS 2110, Week 6 Civil War
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
Date Created: 10/05/16
HIS 2110 9/29/16 The Civil War (1861-1865) A War for Liberty o J. Davis (Pres. CSA) CSA fought for “freedom, equality, & state sovereignty” o A. Lincoln USA was “Convened by liberty” & last hope for freedom o 1861-62: War not about slaves o 1863-65: Emancipation In Gettysburg 1863- Lincoln decided it’s a new form of freedom to end slavery Election of 1860 o S. Douglass (D- IL) Popular sovereignty People should vote for whether they want slavery or not South didn’t support it o J. Breckenridge Slavery everywhere be protected o A. Lincoln (R- IL) No expansion of slavery Keep slavery in south o GDP won house & congress White house & congress was republican/anti-slavery Secession o Lincoln Union = freedom Didn’t think slavery was issue o Economic Interests Slavery is major economic factor because major export was cotton o Slave Rebellions German Coast Rebellion, 1811 South of New Orleans 500 slaves did violent rebellion 70 people killed 400 slaves returned to slavery Nat Turner’s Rebellion, 1831 John Brown’s Raid, 1859 Believed God told him to free slaves Armed slaves in area HIS 2110 9/29/16 o US Law Fugitive slave law Dred Scott, etc. Preservation of the Union o Committee of 13 Compromises over slavery Krittenden, senator from KY created is & drafter compromises that US will allow slavery to preserve US Union wouldn’t end slavery where it already existed Pay back slave owners who lost slaves to freedom o Lincoln, Mar. 1861 (Inauguration) No reason to interfere with slavery o Top priority Keep border states in union (DE, MD, MO, KY) o Confiscation Act (1861) & Emancipation in MO (1861) Resisted by Lincoln because he wanted to preserve relationship with south Confiscation Act: would confiscate slaves from owners in land the Union conquered in south & place them in contraband camps Anaconda Plan o “Anaconda Plan” Choke off CSA access to water routs (couldn’t ship cotton or get resources) o Battle of Bullrun (1861) North realized war would be difficult & not easily won Confederacy won battle o Emancipation as war tactic 2 confiscation act Freed all slaves in conquered territories Abolition of slavery in DC & MO Fugitive slave law completely nullified Toward Emancipation o Union was struggling to win o Emancipation requires victory Emancipation delayed Lincoln wanted to release the emancipation proclamation but was decided to release later because at current time would look like an act of desperation o Reactions to emancipation “Africanization” of north Northerners didn’t want AA to go to north GOP lost seats o Battle of Antietam (Sept. 1863) Victory needed for emancipation HIS 2110 9/29/16 2 bloodiest battle of war Emancipation Proclamation o Lincoln didn’t want to free slaves but had to; he just wanted preservation of US o Issues Sept. 1862 but wasn’t effective till Jan. 1863 o Didn’t free all or any slaves Emancipation freed slaves in the CSA which didn’t follow US laws, therefore, didn’t actually need to free their slaves o Wartime calculation & tactic to promote home in AA o War was now about emancipation Reactions to Emancipation o +400K signatures for anti-slavery by 1864 o US army opened to free slaves to fight as soldiers but remain segregated o Backlash NYC Draft Riots (1863) Poor & common rioted because rich could pay their way out of draft Enrollment Act of 1863 that drafted people into war allowed them to pay their way out th 13 Amendment o 1863-1865: Union victories o 13 Amendment Congress passed in 1864 States ratifies in 1865