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HIS 2110, Week 6 Civil War

by: Hagar Notetaker

HIS 2110, Week 6 Civil War HIST 2110

Marketplace > Georgia State University > History > HIST 2110 > HIS 2110 Week 6 Civil War
Hagar Notetaker
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About this Document

Civil War
Survey of U.S History (HIST 2110-
Prof. Casey P. Cater
Class Notes
His, us, history, HIST2110, civil, War
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Hagar Notetaker on Wednesday October 5, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 2110 at Georgia State University taught by Prof. Casey P. Cater in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 8 views. For similar materials see Survey of U.S History (HIST 2110- in History at Georgia State University.


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Date Created: 10/05/16
HIS 2110 9/29/16 The Civil War (1861-1865)  A War for Liberty o J. Davis (Pres. CSA)  CSA fought for “freedom, equality, & state sovereignty” o A. Lincoln  USA was “Convened by liberty” & last hope for freedom o 1861-62: War not about slaves o 1863-65: Emancipation  In Gettysburg 1863- Lincoln decided it’s a new form of freedom to end slavery  Election of 1860 o S. Douglass (D- IL)  Popular sovereignty  People should vote for whether they want slavery or not  South didn’t support it o J. Breckenridge  Slavery everywhere be protected o A. Lincoln (R- IL)  No expansion of slavery  Keep slavery in south o GDP won house & congress  White house & congress was republican/anti-slavery  Secession o Lincoln  Union = freedom  Didn’t think slavery was issue o Economic Interests  Slavery is major economic factor because major export was cotton o Slave Rebellions  German Coast Rebellion, 1811  South of New Orleans  500 slaves did violent rebellion  70 people killed  400 slaves returned to slavery  Nat Turner’s Rebellion, 1831  John Brown’s Raid, 1859  Believed God told him to free slaves  Armed slaves in area HIS 2110 9/29/16 o US Law  Fugitive slave law  Dred Scott, etc.  Preservation of the Union o Committee of 13  Compromises over slavery  Krittenden, senator from KY created is & drafter compromises that US will allow slavery to preserve US  Union wouldn’t end slavery where it already existed  Pay back slave owners who lost slaves to freedom o Lincoln, Mar. 1861 (Inauguration)  No reason to interfere with slavery o Top priority  Keep border states in union (DE, MD, MO, KY) o Confiscation Act (1861) & Emancipation in MO (1861)  Resisted by Lincoln because he wanted to preserve relationship with south  Confiscation Act: would confiscate slaves from owners in land the Union conquered in south & place them in contraband camps  Anaconda Plan o “Anaconda Plan”  Choke off CSA access to water routs (couldn’t ship cotton or get resources) o Battle of Bullrun (1861)  North realized war would be difficult & not easily won  Confederacy won battle o Emancipation as war tactic  2 confiscation act  Freed all slaves in conquered territories  Abolition of slavery in DC & MO  Fugitive slave law completely nullified  Toward Emancipation o Union was struggling to win o Emancipation requires victory  Emancipation delayed  Lincoln wanted to release the emancipation proclamation but was decided to release later because at current time would look like an act of desperation o Reactions to emancipation  “Africanization” of north  Northerners didn’t want AA to go to north  GOP lost seats o Battle of Antietam (Sept. 1863)  Victory needed for emancipation HIS 2110 9/29/16  2 bloodiest battle of war  Emancipation Proclamation o Lincoln didn’t want to free slaves but had to; he just wanted preservation of US o Issues Sept. 1862 but wasn’t effective till Jan. 1863 o Didn’t free all or any slaves  Emancipation freed slaves in the CSA which didn’t follow US laws, therefore, didn’t actually need to free their slaves o Wartime calculation & tactic to promote home in AA o War was now about emancipation  Reactions to Emancipation o +400K signatures for anti-slavery by 1864 o US army opened to free slaves to fight as soldiers but remain segregated o Backlash  NYC Draft Riots (1863)  Poor & common rioted because rich could pay their way out of draft  Enrollment Act of 1863 that drafted people into war allowed them to pay their way out th  13 Amendment o 1863-1865: Union victories o 13 Amendment  Congress passed in 1864  States ratifies in 1865


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