New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Chapter 5: : Where it All Takes Place (Continued)

by: Chelsea Opong-Wadeer

Chapter 5: : Where it All Takes Place (Continued) PLS 150

Marketplace > University of Rhode Island > Plant Science > PLS 150 > Chapter 5 Where it All Takes Place Continued
Chelsea Opong-Wadeer

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

More notes on Chapter 5, tomatoes, potatoes and origins of each of them
Plants, People and the Planet
Nathaniel Mitkowski
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in Plants, People and the Planet

Popular in Plant Science

This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Chelsea Opong-Wadeer on Wednesday October 5, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PLS 150 at University of Rhode Island taught by Nathaniel Mitkowski in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see Plants, People and the Planet in Plant Science at University of Rhode Island.

Similar to PLS 150 at URI


Reviews for Chapter 5: : Where it All Takes Place (Continued)


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 10/05/16
Chapter 5: Where it All Takes Place (Continued) 10/5/16 Tomatoes:  Solanum lycopersicum  Known as “solancaeous plant”  The tomato is a fruit  Fruit = ripened ovary of a seed bearing plant  Nutritionally more like a vegetable  Thousands of varieties, many colors and shapes, and purposes  Planted from seed  Seeds covered in gel  Can be transplanted  Warm temps  Almost identical to the plant they came from o Different from apples Potato:  Solanum Tuberosum  Family Solanaceae  Known as “solanaceous plant”  Tomato and potato closely related  Different species in the same genus Other relatives:  Pepper (capsicum)  Petunia (Petunia)  Tobacco (Nicoitana)  Jimson weed (Datura) o Most poisonous plant on Earth  Mandrake (Mandragora)  Nightshade (Belladona) o Found in corn mazes Alkaloids:  Most solanaceous plants contain alkaloids  Complex molecules that are often poisonous in high concentrations  Morphine, cocaine, nicotine, caffeine o Deadly  Atropine, scapalomine, hyoscayamine, solanine o Less poisonous but have effect on nervous systems Tomato origin:  Originated from Peru  Solanum Lycopersion transported to Mexico where it flourished  Aztec and other civilizations had them by 500 BC  European explorers exported them to Italy and Spain by about 1500 AD Tomato pollination:  Tomatoes are “Self-fertile”  Tomato flowers are “perfect” o Can be used regardless  Do not require another tomato plant to produce fruit  Each seed produced by a tomato plant is genetically identical to every other seed  Tomatoes breed true o Apples don’t  China is where most Tomatoes are produced (2x as more) Tomatoes and bees?  Bees can increase tomato pollination  Buzzing of the bee shakes pollen loose  Lower rates of fruit in greenhouses  Depending on conditions, 2-25% of seed may be cross pollinated  Cross pollination = new varieties! Potato origin:  Originated from Chiloe Archipelago and the Andes in Peru  Cultivated as early as 10,000 BC  Also spread by Europeans o Irish Potato famine  Many varieties, color, shapes  Potato is similar to tomatoes in these ways Potatoes:  Planted from tubers  Usually cut up pieces of potatoes  Don’t breed true as easily as tomatoes  Can also be microtubers  Special “seed potatoes” o Act like a seed to start new potato plants  Certified clean  Seed no good, because they sexually reproduce Potato pollination:  Potato fruit is poisonous (solanine in it) o If you eat too much o Any part of the potato that is green has solanine in it because it gets exposed to the sun  Very dependent upon environment  Cross pollinated  Don’t breed true  Can be used for making new varieties  China produces most Seed potatoes:  Grown in special locations o Adirondacks Irish potatoes?  Irish were forced to grow potatoes  Peasants had extremely small plots  Only potatoes could sustain a family  Irish poor cause English owned them  10-foot row = 5-20 lbs. of potatoes  adult man would east 15 lbs./day  grain was exported to England  1845-1851, late blight disease killed all the potatoes, 1 million dead, 1 million left  Potato beetles also killed potatoes


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Anthony Lee UC Santa Barbara

"I bought an awesome study guide, which helped me get an A in my Math 34B class this quarter!"

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.