CRJ 270: Chapter 10 Notes
CRJ 270: Chapter 10 Notes CRJ 270-1001
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Vee on Wednesday October 5, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CRJ 270-1001 at University of Nevada - Las Vegas taught by Dr. Terance Miethe in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 2 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Criminology in Criminal Justice at University of Nevada - Las Vegas.
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Date Created: 10/05/16
Chapter 10: The Principles of Classical Criminology • the statements/assumptions translate into a basic “rational choice” theory ◦ these statements/assumptions are: ▪ (1) all people have problems and we have the free will to seek out either conventional or illegal solutions ▪ (2) Criminal solutions to problems may be preferred over conventional solutions ▪ because ▪ requires less eﬀort and skill ▪ more immediate rewards ▪ is exciting ▪ provides enticements that aren’t found within conventional behavior ▪ example: ▪ robbing a bank is quicker than going to college for 6 years ▪ (3) the criminal solutions to one’s problems may be controlled by the threat of societal reaction (punishment) ▪ (4) the more swift, certain, and severe the societal reaction (punishment) the more it will deter people from using criminal solutions ▪ (5) the most eﬀect method of crime control is punishment that is of a suﬃcient magnitude to make crime an unattractive choice • The contribution of Cesare Beccaria ◦ 1738-94 ◦ classical criminology ◦ Beccaria’s model of justice: ▪ check-and-balance system that separated law-making (legislative) and law-interpreting (judicial) branches of government ▪ uniform scales of punishments and criminal acts, emphasizing that punishments should "ﬁt the crime" ▪ was used until the late 1800s when the concept of rehabilitative justice came into play ▪ it came back in the early 1970’s due to rehabilitation not working • Popularity of Neo-classical criminology ◦ neo-classical theory is also known as modern classical theory ◦ it recognizes that the punishment should ﬁt the crime, but it also all ows for special circumstances of the oﬀender in determining punishments ▪ example: ▪ someone with PTSD or schizophrenia could receive some leniency ◦ major criticisms of classical criminology ▪ failure to recognize that there is some amount of “determinism” underlying our behavior ▪ failure to recognize the possibility that committing crime is a rational response for those who have limited economic ▪ this is contrary to classical criminologists view that crime is “irrational” behavior ,because any reasonable person should know that the costs of committing crime are far greater than its beneﬁts • Video 14: Is Crime a Rational or Irrational Choice? ◦ crime may in fact be a rational choice for those in lower economic opportunities ◦ the rational calculus of crime: ▪ high costs (prison, getting shot) ▪ low beneﬁts (low yield/proﬁts) ▪ = avoid crime as rational choice ◦ rational choice and limited opportunities
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