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CRJ 270: Chapter 10 Notes

by: Vee

CRJ 270: Chapter 10 Notes CRJ 270-1001


GPA 3.6

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About this Document

These notes cover chapter 10 of the textbook, Criminology (Author: T.D. Miethe; Publisher: CJ Research).
Introduction to Criminology
Dr. Terance Miethe
Class Notes
Criminal Justice, criminology, introduction to criminology, intro to criminology, Criminal Justice/Criminology
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Vee on Wednesday October 5, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CRJ 270-1001 at University of Nevada - Las Vegas taught by Dr. Terance Miethe in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 2 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Criminology in Criminal Justice at University of Nevada - Las Vegas.

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Date Created: 10/05/16
Chapter 10: The Principles of Classical Criminology • the statements/assumptions translate into a basic “rational choice” theory  ◦ these statements/assumptions are: ▪ (1) all people have problems and we have the free will to seek out either conventional or illegal solutions  ▪ (2) Criminal solutions to problems may be preferred over conventional solutions  ▪ because ▪ requires less effort and skill ▪ more immediate rewards  ▪ is exciting  ▪ provides enticements that aren’t found within conventional behavior  ▪ example: ▪ robbing a bank is quicker than going to college for 6 years  ▪ (3) the criminal solutions to one’s problems may be controlled by the threat of societal reaction (punishment) ▪ (4) the more swift, certain, and severe the societal reaction (punishment) the more it will deter people from using criminal solutions  ▪ (5) the most effect method of crime control is punishment that is of a sufficient magnitude to make crime an unattractive choice  • The contribution of Cesare Beccaria  ◦ 1738-94 ◦ classical criminology ◦ Beccaria’s model of justice: ▪ check-and-balance system that separated law-making (legislative) and law-interpreting (judicial) branches of government  ▪ uniform scales of punishments and criminal acts, emphasizing that punishments should "fit the crime" ▪ was used until the late 1800s when the concept of rehabilitative justice came into play  ▪ it came back in the early 1970’s due to rehabilitation not working  • Popularity of Neo-classical criminology   ◦ neo-classical theory is also known as modern classical theory  ◦ it recognizes that the punishment should fit the crime, but it also all ows for special circumstances of the offender in determining punishments  ▪ example: ▪ someone with PTSD or schizophrenia could receive some leniency   ◦ major criticisms of classical criminology ▪ failure to recognize that there is some amount of “determinism” underlying our behavior  ▪ failure to recognize the possibility that committing crime is a rational response for those who have limited economic   ▪ this is contrary to classical criminologists view that crime is “irrational” behavior ,because any reasonable person should know that the costs of committing crime are far greater than its benefits  • Video 14: Is Crime a Rational or Irrational Choice? ◦ crime may in fact be a rational choice for those in lower economic opportunities  ◦ the rational calculus of crime: ▪ high costs (prison, getting shot) ▪ low benefits (low yield/profits) ▪ = avoid crime as rational choice  ◦ rational choice and limited opportunities 


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