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Government Notes from Class 10/5/16

by: Max Miller

Government Notes from Class 10/5/16 PSCI 1040

Marketplace > University of North Texas > Political Science > PSCI 1040 > Government Notes from Class 10 5 16
Max Miller

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About this Document

These are my notes from class yesterday! My apologies for not getting these up yesterday afternoon, but life happens! Class was mostly discussion, so these notes are not as long as others, but t...
American Government: Laws and Institution
Gloria Cox
Class Notes
American Government, religion, Freedom of Religion
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Max Miller on Wednesday October 5, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSCI 1040 at University of North Texas taught by Gloria Cox in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see American Government: Laws and Institution in Political Science at University of North Texas.


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Date Created: 10/05/16
Class: PSCI 1040 Reminders: Date: 10/5/16 Test 2 is on 10/19/16 and will cover Topic Covered: Relig. Freed. Ch. 3 and 4! Created By: Max Miller The TAs are updating the attendance/precipitation grade. If you Crash Course “Freedom of Religion” think that you have earned more point on YouTube that you have, contact them! Notes:___________________________________________________ Note about today in class: Prof. Cox said that the topic of today is the establishment clause of the first amendment. But, the discussion was also driven my student input, because religious freedom is a hot topic. Establishment Clause o “Congress shall make no law respecting the establishment of religion”  Prof. Cox mentioned that an Arizona legislator said that “everyone needs a church” and that the legislator thought that if you don’t have a church then the state should assign a church to you.  Which, is unconstitutional. Supreme court rulings about freedom of religion o 1879  “Laws are made for the government of action and while they cannot interfere with mere religious belief and opinions, they may with practices”  This means that, according to the Supreme Court, the government cannot make laws against religious beliefs, but it can against religious practices. o 1940 st  “1 amendment embraces 2 concepts – freedom to believe and freedom to act. The first is absolute, but in the nature of things, the second cannot be. Conduct remains subject to [the] regulation of society”  This means, similarly to the ruling in 1879, that according to the Supreme Court, the government cannot make laws telling you what to think, but it does reserve the right to make laws about how you can express your religions 2 Principles of the establishment clause o 1) Government cannot favor one religion over another o 2) Government cannot support religion over no religion Class discussion: Religion in School o Of the things said in class, the most notable is that most of the class agreed that students should be educated about all religions in school Two interpretations by the Supreme Court o About some things:  There has to be a wall of separation between church and state  Government should co-exist Wall of Separation: o Clause from which we got the concept that there should be a wall of separation between church and state o ~1/3 of Americans do not believe in the idea of “If it involves religion and a child, separation between church and state.  And, that 1/3 also believes that the the rules are very government should support religion strict” – Prof. o Fun Fact:  In 2000, student led, student initiated prayers at football games were ruled unconstitutional by the Supreme Court o Issue #1: Prayer and Bible Readings in Schools  Disallowed by the Supreme Court in numerous rulings since 1962 o Issue #2: Moments of Silence in Schools  Does the moment of silence have a true secular purpose or is it a substitute for prayer in schools?  In Alabama, the moment of silence in schools was taken to the supreme court because there was evidence, from the minutes taken at a state legislature meeting, that the moment of silence was purposefully being used to “put prayer back in school” o Issue #3: Posting the Ten Commandments  Rulings have varied depending on the location that the Ten Commandments are posted  Recall that Roy Moore was removed from the Alabama Supreme Court for having the Ten Commandments installed in the court house. o Issue #4: Teaching Evolution  States aren’t allowed to enact laws that encroach on the teaching of evolution


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