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Chapters 7 and 8

by: Delaney Wilson

Chapters 7 and 8 104H

Marketplace > Old Dominion University > History > 104H > Chapters 7 and 8
Delaney Wilson

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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Delaney Wilson on Wednesday October 5, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 104H at Old Dominion University taught by KATHRYN K ROKITSKI in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 21 views. For similar materials see INTERPRETING THE AMERICAN PAST in History at Old Dominion University.


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Date Created: 10/05/16
History Chapters 7-8 Thomas Jefferson was: Member of the Virginia house of burgesses nd 2 governor of Virginia continental congress main part of Declaration of Independence slave owner architect renaissance man Louisiana purchase 1803- Jefferson contacts France about the port of New Orleans. He was worried they’d close the port to American shipping which would have hurt America greatly. He wanted to buy the area for 3 million dollars from Napoleon. Jefferson doubled the size of the united states by buying the port and the surrounding area (other states) Louis and Clark expedition: meet Indians and tell them they’re Americans and to explore the environment and report back to Jefferson. From saint louis to the Pacific Ocean. There are issues with the French and the British because of the Neopilonic wars. America is neutral and the French and the British don’t like it. The British practiced impressment (recruitment by force) (impressed more than 15,000 U.S. sailors) The Chesapeake-leopard affair on June on 22, 1807 The leopard was looking for deserters and attacked the Chesapeake due to refusal. This created an uproar among the Americans and we didn’t allow them into our waters until they issued an apology. U.S. embargo act of 1807 made all exports illegal and the embargo failed because it was so detrimental to the economy. Issues with the British: Impressment The Chesapeake leopard affair American rights Indian problems in the Louisiana purchase border between Canada and the U.S. American neutral rights in international waters Thomas Jefferson was a good and bad leader: He says all men are equal but owned slaves Technological developments during this time: 1) Breech loading firearm (loads from the side) that can be mass produced, and are able to have parts replaced (interchangeable parts) 2) The cotton gin: invented by Eli Whitney. It revolutionized the cotton industry, because as slavery was dying out, it required more labor thus reviving the need of slaves. By the beginning of the civil war we had 4 million slaves. Though the import of slaves was illegalized, slaves were still being born within the U.S. and being traded. Followed by James Madison 1809-1817 Had to deal with the issues Jefferson faced The war of 1812-1814 1) Blockading by the British along the coast 2) Militias that ultimately failed in the U.S. (attempt to get lower Canada for agricultural purposes) 3) The British burn down the white house and the capital 4) The British move on to Baltimore. Fort McHenry is right in front of the British fleet and were unsuccessful in taking the fort. 5) Francis Scott Key writes the national Anthem 6) The British leave and try to take New Orleans so they can control our trade and ships. 7) Andrew Jackson (an Indian fighter) was contacted by James Madison to help the U.S. defend New Orleans, and we had a tremendous success. 8) Treaty of Ghent “status quo ante bellum” th 9) Boundary between us and Canada at 49 parallel 10) Impressment stops 11) American and Britain agree to occupy Oregon territory jointly 12) British recognize fishing rights of America James Madison wrote the constitution and the federalist papers as well as the bill of rights. James Monroe (last of the founding fathers) “era of good feelings” Monroe doctrine 1) Missouri compromise (Henry clay) Missouri can be a state, the federal government asks for land from Massachusetts and Maine is created, and the free states they don’t want slavery in the rest of the Louisiana territory (sothh agrees because there’s nothing notable about it). The line is called the 36 degree thirty line, and no slaves can be owned above that line 2) Denmark Vesey’s rebellion. Denmark planned an escape in one of the slave churches with his men, but it failed because of loyal slaves. 34 rebellion slaves were executed. This caused harsher slave laws. They closed all the slave churches. 3) The Monroe doctrine: the doctrine states the America will be neutral in European affairs. BUT: the doctrine tells European nations that the united states would no longer tolerate further colonization in the western hemisphere. It also states that existing colonies can stay and if they want independence we will help them. th July 4 , 1826 Thomas Jefferson and john Adams die. End of old patriotism. Chapter 8: Democracy in America Common people start taking an interest in politics. White men can vote. Presidents 1-6 Educated, representatives, make decisions for the voters, property requirements for voting. Presidents 7+ Men know what is right in government by instinct, education not necessary, representative carry out voter’s beliefs Andrew Jackson- not highly educated and is a common man. “age of the common man” solidifies the class system that’s in the united states. Jacksons VP was John C. Calhoun. Comes out with nullification theory: Do the states give the federal government it’s power? British- strict class system aristocracy and commoners, no matter the amount of money you have. America- based on amount of money you have. Tariff act of 1832- he Tariff of 1832 was a protectionist tariff in the United States. It was passed as a reduced tariff to remedy the conflict created by the tariff of 1828, but it was still deemed unsatisfactory by southerners and other groups hurt by high tariff rates. Southern opposition to this tariff and its predecessor, the Tariff of Abominations, caused the Nullification Crisis involving South Carolina. The tariff was later lowered to pacify these objections. Trail of tears: The Cherokee Indians were forced to leave their lands. They traveled from North Carolina and Georgia through Tennessee, Kentucky, Illinois, Missouri, and Arkansas-more than 800 miles (1,287 km)-to the Indian Territory. More than 4, 00 Cherokees died of cold, disease, and lack of food during the 116-day journey. William Henry Harrison: Log cabin campaign Was actually very wealthy, owned slaves, lived on a tobacco farm, and was well educated. He was elected and then died


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