Asian Art ARHT280_01 Week 1
Asian Art ARHT280_01 Week 1 ARHT280_01FA16
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ariana Notetaker on Wednesday October 5, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ARHT280_01FA16 at Montclair State University taught by Lawrence Waldron in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see Asian Art in Art History at Montclair State University.
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Date Created: 10/05/16
Asian Art ARHT280_01 : Week 1 *you need the book to look at the pictures the descriptions correlate with* INTRODUCTION: Vocabulary: -Mammiform: Looking like a breast -Kris-keris: Indonesian swords -Equipoise: Balanced, equal distribution of weight -Asymmetrical: Non-symmetrical. Not the same on both sides. -Ephemeral art: Art that’s made not to last. Adds urgency and delicacy to the moment. Highest of arts. -Tribanga: A pose inspired by Indian dance. To get the body to look like it’s moving, they bend one arm and one leg more than the other. Illusion of movement. Created by distributing the weight of the ﬁgure on one foot or one leg. Most of the weight is on one leg, which makes the relaxed leg bend and the arms are vice versa. Left arm is bent, left leg is straight. Tri means three, comes from the hips, chest, and head facing different directions. Three ingredients for Tribanga: -Weight -Bend vs. Straight -Points of Direction Taj Mahal introduced in india from islamic style around 500 years ago. Persian architecture that was indianized.4 mineretes to remind us of the minitrets in persia. Mongol and arainian ethnic stock. Pagoda is a chinese version of an indian building that holds relics and are sacred and buddhists walk around clockwise 3 times. Gender changed as design changed, Chinese pagoda looks tall and phallic. In Sri Lanka, called Dagoba, maintain a cup like or “cupola” design. Hindu’s used to worship wherever they want until they saw buddhists make temples, so the hindu’s created a place of worship. Mahabodhi Temple is a century or two away from Budda’s death, India Nepal. Hinduism picks up from Buddhism Signs of both religions of Hindu and Buddhism in Cambodia. 10th Century, Angkor Wat in Cambodia was the largest city ever, knowledge of it’s size keeps growing and served as a resevior. The Potola Palace was the political seat of the Dahlilama, like the Vatican, center of a religion and country. The city was almost like a serrated country within Tibet. 13th Dahli lama warned that there would be an invasion and the leader had an army to protect them so he balanced religion and politics. Golden Temple, Japan. Pagoda, has a watery version of the original Chinese version of the garden. The temple has been known to be the most beautiful building in Japan but has also been destroyed a few times. There’s a ﬁctional story of a man who loved the building so much that he burned it down. Based on a true story. The Monumental, Monumental statuary sculpture, Bamiyan, Afghanistan. Destroyed by Taliban. Hazirah is a minority in Afghanistan, Pashtun and Arab taliban showed up and blew them up. Afghan taliban refused because it’s apart of their heritage, asked CNN to come watch them blow it up. Colossal Buddha in Kamakura Japan. Familiar gesture, made out of bronze. Only Japanese Buddha's had a version of hand gestures. The Tribal. Roots of Tibet in Simon Mandala making masalas outside of house with colored ﬂour (such as rice ﬂower) to bless it and you when you walk through. Star of David-ish is symbol of male and female unity for marriage. Tribal people who originated this art form. Primitive 19th cenrtury museum sorted out hinduist asia from animist asia and are sorted out and put in the “triangle section” of the museums with royals and calendars that are more exact. Sorting out supposedly advanced cultures and primitive cultures. Africa, oceanea, and indian tribes are grouped together. Uga would be in the primitive section because they cut off heads. Wrapped the heads in beautifully woven cloths. Don’t be in the primitive section because they cut off heads. Wrapped the heads in beautifully woven cloths. Don’t practice one of the established religions and live in stone houses, which is why they are sorted out of Asia. Textile arts are the same. Tattoo arts are for beautiﬁcation, sexual allure, iconography, and accomplishments. Maori does scariﬁcation for same reasons as tattoos. Men and women start covering themselves because of the introduction of Islam through war and trade in India. Art or Craft? Textiles are diverse and highly developed. T’boli I’nalak (ceremonial textile, Philippines Bank, Indonesia). Tie-dye ﬁbers and then weave called ekat. Tie off colors after weaving to dye it or painting with wax to dye certain areas. Indonesian shadow puppet theater shows Hindu epics. Highest of all arts in India is dance. All other arts refer to it. Indian sculpture is one of the ﬁrst sculptures to naturalistically portray movement. Direct practice to yoga, indian art history, and expression. Inner stillness comes from India. Contrapposto pose, when the body is moved in three points. Try to capture the movement of dance in their work.
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