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Chapter 0 Notes

by: dani_girl_95 Notetaker

Chapter 0 Notes MUS 114

dani_girl_95 Notetaker
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About this Document

These notes are just a review of everything that was in chapter 0
Music Theory 1
Professor Kathleen Kopitzke
Class Notes




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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by dani_girl_95 Notetaker on Wednesday October 5, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to MUS 114 at California Baptist University taught by Professor Kathleen Kopitzke in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 19 views. For similar materials see Music Theory 1 in Music at California Baptist University.

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Date Created: 10/05/16
Notation of Pitch and Rhythm  The Staf- arrangement of five horizontal lines and four spaces on which pitches are indicated  Pitch- specific points on the continuum of audible sound  Ledger lines- temporary extensions of the staf Notating Pitches  The musical alphabet is A-G  The C in the middle of the piano is known as Middle C; middle C is also known as C4  Clef- associates line and spaces on the staf with specific pitches  Treble Clef- also known as G clef (it wraps around the G line on the staf); the middle line of the staf will always be B; the lines of the Treble clef can easily be remembered by Every Good Boy Does Fine and the spaces by FACE  Octave- As pitches ascend, letter names repeat every eight notes  Bass Clef- also known as F clef because the two little dots are around the F line; the middle line of the staf will always be D; bass clef is usually lower than treble clef; an easy way to remember the lines of the bass clef is Good Boys Do Fine Always and the spaces by All Cows Eat Grass  Grand Staf- Treble and Bass clef staves joined by a single vertical line and bracket  The treble and bass clefs are joined together at Middle C; In treble, middle C is ONE ledger line BELOW the staf and in bass it is ONE ledger line ABOVE the staf 2  Accidentals- Used to raise or lower the pitch of a note; written before the note on the staf; when you say or write it, it comes after (ex. B flat) Semitones (Half Steps) and Whole Tones (Whole Steps)  Pitches on a keyboard are separated by either a semitone or a whole tone.  Semitone- the smallest possible space between two notes; two semitones make up a whole tone Rhythm and Meter  Beat- a steady, regular, pulsation at a moderate speed  Rhythm- strong and regular pattern measured in terms of beats  Meter- the grouping of strong and weak beats  Tempo- the speed of the beats  Measure- where beats are grouped and separated by bar lines  Downbeat- the first beat of the measure accented; the remaining beats of the measure are weaker and lead to the downbeat of the following measure  Note duration- the length of time a note is held 3  Note Stems- single line note stems at the middle line depending on which direction the melodic line is headed  Dotted notes- a dot increases the duration of the note by one half 4 Tied Notes and Triplets  A tie merges multiple notes of the same pitch, combines the duration of the two notes, used to let the duration of a note travel across barriers, such as bar lines  Triplets- divide a rhythmic unit- usually a half or quarter note- into three parts instead of two 5


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