Chapter 4 Art of the Ancient Aegean
Chapter 4 Art of the Ancient Aegean ART 2050-001
Popular in Survey of Western Art History 1
Popular in Art History
This 12 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lisa Render on Wednesday October 5, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ART 2050-001 at University of Nebraska at Omaha taught by Dr. Amy Morris in Spring 2015. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see Survey of Western Art History 1 in Art History at University of Nebraska at Omaha.
Reviews for Chapter 4 Art of the Ancient Aegean
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 10/05/16
4 Art of the Ancient Aegean Wednesday, September 16, 2015 9:32 AM The Ancient Aegean World Crete • The largest of the Aegean islands • Called Minoans ○ Sir Arthur Evans (British archaeologist) ○ "Cretans" was taken by a story ○ Minotaurs Forerunners of Greece Figure of a woman with a drawing showing evidence of original painting and outling designing scheme, Cyclades, 2600-2400BCE, Marble, 24 3/4" • Abstract and geometricized • Modern artists took to them ○ A lot of the evidence has been lost because they were over popularized and forged • Cycladic figures proportional scheme ○ Contributes to the meaning? • It was painted at one point ○ Eyes all over the face and even some on the legs Deities with multiple eyes? Healing? ART 2050 Page 1 ○ Healing? Calls attention to certain places on the body Head with remains of a painted decoration, cyclades, 2500-2200 BCE, marble and red pigment, 9 11/16" • No idea why they painted them but many theories Kamares Ware Jug, Old Palace Period, 2000-1900BCE • Old Palace Period (1900-1700) ○ Minoan time is split between old palace and new palace periods ○ They started building palaces ○ There was a weird thing and palaces burned down ○ They built new palaces • Minoans were very sophisticated artists ○ They made jewelry ○ Decorations Fresco on palaces and homes • Kamares ware ○ Distinctive qualities Shape Dark background Dynamic markings ART 2050 Page 2 Palace Complex at Knossos, New Palace Period • New palace period (1700-1450) • Also called the "Labyrinth" • Situated on top of a sloping hill • Multiple levels • Earliest examples of ashlar masonry ○ People didn’t just pile up a bunch of boulders to make a wall ○ They cut stones and smoothedthem and stacked them to make a way • Made of wood too ○ Had more flexibility for earthquakes • Covered 6 acres • No idea who the rulers of the Minoans are ○ So who lived here? • Writing script called "linear A" ○ Never been translated • It looks haphazard but there is an actual organization to it ○ Rooms grouped together by function Southeast--living quarters Northern--Artisans and other people rooms (filled with pottery wheels) Western--sculptures were found and pits for sacrifices(?) perhaps a ritual room • Centralized around a courtyard ○ No winding road to lead to a gate ○ Everything is facing inward • Storage ○ Giants jars and stone pits for storage East Wing Stairwell, "Palace" complex, Knossos, Crete. New Palace period, 1700-1450 • Columns ○ Thicker at the top, thinner at the bottom (tapered) • Air and light circulation was well-suited to the location • Sophisticated plumbing and storage ART 2050 Page 3 • Sophisticated plumbing and storage Bull Leaping, palace complex, Knossos,Crete, Late Minoan period, 1450-1375BCE • Fresco ○ Painting on wet plaster ○ Pigments dry into the plaster ○ As opposed to stucco Painting on dry plaster Not as long lasting • Restoration ○ Filled in with lighter colors ○ Raised pieces are what was found • Bull leaping An activity that they practiced ○ ○ Sport? Ritual? • Figures ○ People Thin waist Elongated bodies Elegantly dynamic Woman in white? men in red? ○ Bull Galloping pose Curved ART 2050 Page 4 Statuette of a male figure, 1500-1475BCE • Not any large scale sculptures ○ Departed from near eastern or ancient Egypt art • This one is a little over a foot tall and it's the largest found • Damage ○ It was in a fire ○ Found in thousands of fragments ○ Took 3 years to restore • Multimedia piece ○ Body is made of ivory Hippo teeth ○ Serpentine (a dark stone) was used for some parts ○ Gold was used for some parts • Who is it? ○ No idea ○ Deity? Represented as a human The Harvester Rhyton, New Palace period, 1650-1450BCE • Reconstructedat the bottom • Used to pour liquid offerings • Minoan styled people ○ Anatomy is very observed ○ Narrow and elongated ○ Overlapping • One figure that has long hair and has sort of a cape ○ Leader? • People are screaming or singing ○ Emotionis distinct ○ Actually in the act of doing something • Subject ○ Sowing? Harvesting? Warriors? ART 2050 Page 5 ○ Octopus Flask, Palaikastro,Crete. New Palace period, 1500-1450BCE • Marine style pottery ○ Lots of marine life decorations • Distinctive aspects ○ The angle is off and fun ○ Just pieces of coral and stuff floating around ○ They use a free flowing space Vapheio cup • One of the two cups found near Sparta, Greece. 1650-1450BCE • Minoan artists working for/training mycenian artists? • Hammer gold sheet from the back ART 2050 Page 6 Girl Gathering Saffron Crocus Flowers • Room 3 of House Xeste 3, Akrotiri, Thera, Cyclades. Before 1630 BCE • Open bodice • Saffron--menstration? Landscape ("Spring Fresco") • Akrotiri, Thera, Cyclades, Before 1630 BCE • Unique because it doesn’t have any figures in it ○ The first purely landscape art • Possibly accurately portrayed ○ Color of the cliffs are accurate for a certain time of day ○ Semi-animatedquality ART 2050 Page 7 The "Flotilla Fresco" from Akrotiri • Room 5 of the West House, Akrotiri, Thera, New Palace period, 1650 BCE • Rather than being a whole wall this is like a border around the top • Unsure what it's supposed to be ○ Ships going off to war ○ Ships coming back from war ○ Just the city life and trading • You can still see this place from this perspective • Minoan artists just seeing the world and capturing it Mycenaean culture • Mycenae Archaeologist Henri Schliemann • Rich man who decided to become an archaeologist • Discoveredmany lands and ruins from stories Citadel at Mycenae • Peloponnese,Greece. Aerial view. Site occupied 1600-1200BCE Reconstruction megaron Lion gate Grave circle A ART 2050 Page 8 • Graves ○ The graves were not looted ○ Dead were buried with different objects • Place is completely enclosed in walls ○ Which were expanded 3 differenent times • Narrow entrance (Lion Gate) ○ Easy to defend Lion Gate • Mycenae,1250 BCE • Two lions resting their paws on what archaeologists believe is an alter • Very Minoan in style • The heads of the lions are gone ○ Attached separate made out of a separate material ○ Probably a precious metal ○ Possible that the heads were not those of lions (some hybrid?) • Lions were considered guardian figures • Sophisticated engineering ○ Mycenaeans excel in building ○ Post and lintel entrance (pretty basic) ○ The stone over the door should break in half but they put the triangle with a sculpture to distribute the weight as relief ○ Corbelling arch ART 2050 Page 9 Plan of the megaron of the pylos palace • 1300-1200BCE • Megaron ○ Royal buildings that was a part of palaces of kings ○ The forerunners of temples ○ Not very complicated buildings Reconstructionof the Megaron (Great Room) of the Pylos Palace • 1300-1200BCE • Writings by the Mycenaeans ○ Linear B--and it was able to be translated • Exquisitely crafted and decorated ART 2050 Page 10 Mask of Agamemnon • Funerary mask, Grave Circle A, Mycenae, Greece, 1600-1550BCE • They placed masks over the faces of men that were buried • All gold sheets hammeredfrom the back • Agamemnon ○ Possibly not. ○ These were made 300 years before he was born ○ The archaeologist possibly doctored this up to look more "noble" for people to believe him • Don’t know if theyre actually supposed to resemble the people either Dagger Blade with Lion Hunt • From shaft grave iv, Grace Circle A, Mycenae,Greece, 1550-1500BCE • Similarities to the Minoan fresco ○ Leaping animals ○ Elongated figures with pinched waists and black hair ○ At least influenced by Minoan ○ Mycenaean culture ART 2050 Page 11 Cutaway Drawing of Tholos, The So-Called Treasury of Atreus • Beehive tombs called a tholos • Very sophisticated building style • Sort of underground ○ Buried under a thick piece of ground ○ Kept the dome together • Dromos ○ Passageway leading up to it • Tholos ○ The actual tomb • Largest dome space for 1000 years until the roman pantheon was build • No columns • Already looted when it was discovered ○ Body gone, treasure gone ○ No information, really Warrior Krater • From Mycenae, Greece, 1300-1100BCE • When the arts started to "decline" ○ Less naturalistic ○ Less innovative ART 2050 Page 12
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'