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Chapter 4 Art of the Ancient Aegean

by: Lisa Render

Chapter 4 Art of the Ancient Aegean ART 2050-001

Marketplace > University of Nebraska at Omaha > Art History > ART 2050-001 > Chapter 4 Art of the Ancient Aegean
Lisa Render
GPA 3.578

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About this Document

Survey of Western Art History I: Chapter 4 Notes
Survey of Western Art History 1
Dr. Amy Morris
Class Notes
Art, history
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This 12 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lisa Render on Wednesday October 5, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ART 2050-001 at University of Nebraska at Omaha taught by Dr. Amy Morris in Spring 2015. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see Survey of Western Art History 1 in Art History at University of Nebraska at Omaha.


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Date Created: 10/05/16
4 Art of the Ancient Aegean Wednesday, September 16, 2015 9:32 AM The Ancient Aegean World Crete • The largest of the Aegean islands • Called Minoans ○ Sir Arthur Evans (British archaeologist) ○ "Cretans" was taken by a story ○ Minotaurs Forerunners of Greece Figure of a woman with a drawing showing evidence of original painting and outling designing scheme, Cyclades, 2600-2400BCE, Marble, 24 3/4" • Abstract and geometricized • Modern artists took to them ○ A lot of the evidence has been lost because they were over popularized and forged • Cycladic figures proportional scheme ○ Contributes to the meaning? • It was painted at one point ○ Eyes all over the face and even some on the legs  Deities with multiple eyes? Healing? ART 2050 Page 1 ○ Healing?  Calls attention to certain places on the body Head with remains of a painted decoration, cyclades, 2500-2200 BCE, marble and red pigment, 9 11/16" • No idea why they painted them but many theories Kamares Ware Jug, Old Palace Period, 2000-1900BCE • Old Palace Period (1900-1700) ○ Minoan time is split between old palace and new palace periods ○ They started building palaces ○ There was a weird thing and palaces burned down ○ They built new palaces • Minoans were very sophisticated artists ○ They made jewelry ○ Decorations  Fresco on palaces and homes • Kamares ware ○ Distinctive qualities  Shape  Dark background  Dynamic markings ART 2050 Page 2 Palace Complex at Knossos, New Palace Period • New palace period (1700-1450) • Also called the "Labyrinth" • Situated on top of a sloping hill • Multiple levels • Earliest examples of ashlar masonry ○ People didn’t just pile up a bunch of boulders to make a wall ○ They cut stones and smoothedthem and stacked them to make a way • Made of wood too ○ Had more flexibility for earthquakes • Covered 6 acres • No idea who the rulers of the Minoans are ○ So who lived here? • Writing script called "linear A" ○ Never been translated • It looks haphazard but there is an actual organization to it ○ Rooms grouped together by function  Southeast--living quarters  Northern--Artisans and other people rooms (filled with pottery wheels)  Western--sculptures were found and pits for sacrifices(?) perhaps a ritual room • Centralized around a courtyard ○ No winding road to lead to a gate ○ Everything is facing inward • Storage ○ Giants jars and stone pits for storage East Wing Stairwell, "Palace" complex, Knossos, Crete. New Palace period, 1700-1450 • Columns ○ Thicker at the top, thinner at the bottom (tapered) • Air and light circulation was well-suited to the location • Sophisticated plumbing and storage ART 2050 Page 3 • Sophisticated plumbing and storage Bull Leaping, palace complex, Knossos,Crete, Late Minoan period, 1450-1375BCE • Fresco ○ Painting on wet plaster ○ Pigments dry into the plaster ○ As opposed to stucco  Painting on dry plaster  Not as long lasting • Restoration ○ Filled in with lighter colors ○ Raised pieces are what was found • Bull leaping An activity that they practiced ○ ○ Sport? Ritual? • Figures ○ People  Thin waist  Elongated bodies  Elegantly dynamic  Woman in white? men in red? ○ Bull  Galloping pose  Curved ART 2050 Page 4 Statuette of a male figure, 1500-1475BCE • Not any large scale sculptures ○ Departed from near eastern or ancient Egypt art • This one is a little over a foot tall and it's the largest found • Damage ○ It was in a fire ○ Found in thousands of fragments ○ Took 3 years to restore • Multimedia piece ○ Body is made of ivory  Hippo teeth ○ Serpentine (a dark stone) was used for some parts ○ Gold was used for some parts • Who is it? ○ No idea ○ Deity?  Represented as a human The Harvester Rhyton, New Palace period, 1650-1450BCE • Reconstructedat the bottom • Used to pour liquid offerings • Minoan styled people ○ Anatomy is very observed ○ Narrow and elongated ○ Overlapping • One figure that has long hair and has sort of a cape ○ Leader? • People are screaming or singing ○ Emotionis distinct ○ Actually in the act of doing something • Subject ○ Sowing? Harvesting? Warriors? ART 2050 Page 5 ○ Octopus Flask, Palaikastro,Crete. New Palace period, 1500-1450BCE • Marine style pottery ○ Lots of marine life decorations • Distinctive aspects ○ The angle is off and fun ○ Just pieces of coral and stuff floating around ○ They use a free flowing space Vapheio cup • One of the two cups found near Sparta, Greece. 1650-1450BCE • Minoan artists working for/training mycenian artists? • Hammer gold sheet from the back ART 2050 Page 6 Girl Gathering Saffron Crocus Flowers • Room 3 of House Xeste 3, Akrotiri, Thera, Cyclades. Before 1630 BCE • Open bodice • Saffron--menstration? Landscape ("Spring Fresco") • Akrotiri, Thera, Cyclades, Before 1630 BCE • Unique because it doesn’t have any figures in it ○ The first purely landscape art • Possibly accurately portrayed ○ Color of the cliffs are accurate for a certain time of day ○ Semi-animatedquality ART 2050 Page 7 The "Flotilla Fresco" from Akrotiri • Room 5 of the West House, Akrotiri, Thera, New Palace period, 1650 BCE • Rather than being a whole wall this is like a border around the top • Unsure what it's supposed to be ○ Ships going off to war ○ Ships coming back from war ○ Just the city life and trading • You can still see this place from this perspective • Minoan artists just seeing the world and capturing it Mycenaean culture • Mycenae Archaeologist Henri Schliemann • Rich man who decided to become an archaeologist • Discoveredmany lands and ruins from stories Citadel at Mycenae • Peloponnese,Greece. Aerial view. Site occupied 1600-1200BCE Reconstruction megaron Lion gate Grave circle A ART 2050 Page 8 • Graves ○ The graves were not looted ○ Dead were buried with different objects • Place is completely enclosed in walls ○ Which were expanded 3 differenent times • Narrow entrance (Lion Gate) ○ Easy to defend Lion Gate • Mycenae,1250 BCE • Two lions resting their paws on what archaeologists believe is an alter • Very Minoan in style • The heads of the lions are gone ○ Attached separate made out of a separate material ○ Probably a precious metal ○ Possible that the heads were not those of lions (some hybrid?) • Lions were considered guardian figures • Sophisticated engineering ○ Mycenaeans excel in building ○ Post and lintel entrance (pretty basic) ○ The stone over the door should break in half but they put the triangle with a sculpture to distribute the weight as relief ○ Corbelling arch ART 2050 Page 9 Plan of the megaron of the pylos palace • 1300-1200BCE • Megaron ○ Royal buildings that was a part of palaces of kings ○ The forerunners of temples ○ Not very complicated buildings Reconstructionof the Megaron (Great Room) of the Pylos Palace • 1300-1200BCE • Writings by the Mycenaeans ○ Linear B--and it was able to be translated • Exquisitely crafted and decorated ART 2050 Page 10 Mask of Agamemnon • Funerary mask, Grave Circle A, Mycenae, Greece, 1600-1550BCE • They placed masks over the faces of men that were buried • All gold sheets hammeredfrom the back • Agamemnon ○ Possibly not. ○ These were made 300 years before he was born ○ The archaeologist possibly doctored this up to look more "noble" for people to believe him • Don’t know if theyre actually supposed to resemble the people either Dagger Blade with Lion Hunt • From shaft grave iv, Grace Circle A, Mycenae,Greece, 1550-1500BCE • Similarities to the Minoan fresco ○ Leaping animals ○ Elongated figures with pinched waists and black hair ○ At least influenced by Minoan ○ Mycenaean culture ART 2050 Page 11 Cutaway Drawing of Tholos, The So-Called Treasury of Atreus • Beehive tombs called a tholos • Very sophisticated building style • Sort of underground ○ Buried under a thick piece of ground ○ Kept the dome together • Dromos ○ Passageway leading up to it • Tholos ○ The actual tomb • Largest dome space for 1000 years until the roman pantheon was build • No columns • Already looted when it was discovered ○ Body gone, treasure gone ○ No information, really Warrior Krater • From Mycenae, Greece, 1300-1100BCE • When the arts started to "decline" ○ Less naturalistic ○ Less innovative ART 2050 Page 12


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