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Music: Classical Era

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Music: Classical Era Music 100

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About this Document

These are notes taken in the 6th week of class. Topics include music history and composers from the classical era.
Introduction to Music
Brian Hodges
Class Notes
Music, history
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Notetaker on Wednesday October 5, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Music 100 at Boise State University taught by Brian Hodges in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 8 views.


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Date Created: 10/05/16
Music: Chapters 12 through 14 – The Classical Era (Part 1)  Started in 1750 o The year Bach died  Very iconic and famous – the entire genre of music is titled classical  Historical Context o Revolutions in France and America  Divide between the common people and the nobility  The poor were suffering and tired of it  Art often depicted the nobility living carefree and the poor suffering o Enlightenment  Movement to challenge the monarchy  Ideas of liberty and equality  Influenced the music o Classical Greek  Influenced subject matter  People liked the simplicity and style  Baroque style was becoming unpopular  Ornaments and decoration were seen as very distasteful  Music o Harmony o Balance  4 bar phrase followed by a 4 bar phrase o Symmetry o Form o Structure o Homophonic  clear cut melody with accompanying harmony o Galant Style  “to please” not controversial, very accessible o Dynamics  written instructions in the score for speed and volume  Franz Joseph Haydn o 1732 to 1809 o “Papa Haydn” – pioneered many classical ideas, mentored many composers o From Vienna, Austria o Employed for 30 years by Esterhazy Family  Very wealthy, powerful, influential family  One son played the Baryton  Stringed instrument with strings on both sides of the neck o Strings could be plucked and bowed at the same time o Father of the symphony and string quartet  Wrote 104 symphonies, 68 string quartets  Instrumental Forms o A good composer had to write good pieces in each style o Concerto  one soloist with an orchestra accompaniment  3 movements, fast-slow-fast o Sonata  one soloist instrument and a piano accompaniment o Symphony  a piece for a very large group, instruments from different families (winds, brass) o String Quartet  chamber music, 2 violins, a viola, a cello  Patterns of Movements o Basic Sonata Form  1. A Section – Exposition  2. B Section – Development  Contrast, different key, different tempo  3. A Section – Recapitulation  Embellished o Symphony Pattern  4 movements  1. Sonata Allegro  2. Slow Movement o Very free section, composer could choose  3. Minuet and Trio (AABBCCDD|AB)  4. Rondo (ABACABA) o A section keeps coming back o Fastest  Haydn Symphony No. 94 (Disc 2: tracks 20-25)  Haydn Symphony No. 99 (Disc 2: tracks 26-28)  Haydn Symphony No. 101 (Disc 2: tracks 29-33)  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart o Lived in Salzburg, Austria  Small city  Famous for the Sound of Music o Father was a violinist, composer, and author of instructional books for violin o Child prodigy  Proficient on the keyboard, violin, and composing  Toured Europe playing music as a family  Became very well known  International reputation at a young age o Wrote His First  Piece at age 6  Symphony at age 8  Opera at age 12 o Moved to Vienna  The epicenter of all musical activity at the time  Many other composers were jealous of him – made it difficult to get a job  Supported his family by commissions, teaching, and putting on his own public concerts (self-employed) o Previously, you had to be employed by a court or family  Fell in love with Constanze  A highly trained singer o Opera  What he is most known for  Comic Opera (opera buffa)  Marriage of Figaro  Cosi fan Tutti (they’re all like that)  Don Giovanni Disc 2: Tracks 39-41 o About Don Juan – famous for seducing women o Comedy or drama?


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