10/5 Intro to Psych Notes
10/5 Intro to Psych Notes PSYC 1000
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Popular in Psychology (PSYC)
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jessica Cialone on Wednesday October 5, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 1000 at University of Colorado Denver taught by Liza Lizcano in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 21 views. For similar materials see Intro to Psychology in Psychology (PSYC) at University of Colorado Denver.
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Date Created: 10/05/16
Intro to Psych October 5, 2016 1. Operant Conditioning a. Procrastination i. Premack method/principle: reinforce less frequent behavior with frequent behavior ex. Eat your veggies before you can go outside and play b. Superstitions (see page 224-225) c. Clinical studies i. Token economies ex. Chuck-e cheese ii. Secondary reinforcers ex. Tokens iii. Primary reinforcers 2. Classical conditioning and operant conditioning a. Effects different brain regions CC: amygdala (emotions)fear OC: dopamine receptors (reward) b. Two-process theory i. Phobia develops with CC but maintained by OC 3. Cognitive Models of Learning a. Skinner i. Radical behaviorism ii. Emphasized learning histories: response is affected from past experiences b. S-O-R Stimulus Organism Response i. Emphasizes interpretation 4. Latent Learning: Edward Tolman a. Learning that we can’t see b. Competence: what you know c. Performance: showing what you know 5. Rat Mazes a. 3 groups of rats: put them in a maze and gave them different levels of reinforcement i. The rats made cognitive maps: they were constantly learning inside the maze but once they had incentive (cheese at the end of the maze) they finished the maze quicker and with fewer errors 6. Observational learning (a type of latent learning): Bandura [studied aggression: Bobo Doll Experiment] a. Learning by watching/modeling b. Concerns with media and aggression 7. Mirror Neurons a. In the prefrontal cortex b. Studied in monkeys c. Active during observation of actions d. Linked with sympathy 8. Insight Learning: Wolfgang Kohler a. Studied chimpanzees i. Put in a situation where they needed to build a tool in order to get to a reward 9. Biology and Learning: John Garcia a. Conditioned taste aversions i. CC that lead us to have negative experience with a specific taste ii. Can develop after 1 trial and long delays iii. Scape-goat foods: try a new food to pair with negative experience 10. Preparedness and Phobias: Susan Mineka a. Evolutionary predisposed to fear; we fear some things more than others b. Equipotentiality: the idea that we can condition to all things the same 11. Instinctive Drift a. Animals show their innate behaviors when being reinforced i. Cannot ignore there basic biological instincts 12. Fads in learning a. Sleep-assisted learning: listen to a book while sleeping and it will teach you something (not effective) b. Accelerated learning: if you listen to Mozart while studying you will learn faster (not effective) c. Discovery learning: learn by trial and error (not effective) i. Project based learning with experts and guidance it can be effective d. Learning styles: auditory, special, etc. using only one style is not effective