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7A Lecture Notes, 10-3-16

by: Samantha Ashton

7A Lecture Notes, 10-3-16 CORR 106-02

Samantha Ashton
Minnesota State University, Mankato
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About this Document

Notes and review questions from lecture 7A
Introduction to Criminal Justice Systems
Dr. Dennis
Class Notes
Intro to Corrections, state, courts, federal, Civil Litigation




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Samantha Ashton on Wednesday October 5, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CORR 106-02 at Minnesota State University - Mankato taught by Dr. Dennis in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 51 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Criminal Justice Systems in Corrections at Minnesota State University - Mankato.

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Date Created: 10/05/16
Lecture 7A, 10-3-16 Exam Review:  Most people belong to dominant and minority groups at the same time.  If you vandalize a mural in Paris, the French police have the right to arrest you, not the American police.  If you vandalize Minnesota state property than the Minnesota police arrest you, not the local police.  Kings used knights in the middle ages, not a professional police force.  State crimes are more serious than federal crimes. ______________________________________________________________________ The Courts: Civil Litigation  Going to court to settle a private dispute  Adjudication: letting the judge decide the outcome Fear of Adjudication Crisis  Increase in frivilous lawsuits o Absurd charges o No chance of winning o Filed to harass o Juries awarding huge punitive damages Civil Trial, Criminal Trial or Both?  Slander-both  Public intoxication- criminal  Marijauna possession- criminal  Robbery- both  Homicide- both  Breaking contract- civil  Vandalism- both  Disorderly conduct- criminal  Fraud- both McDonalds Lawsuit:  Stella Liebeck, 1992  Coffee way too hot, 200 degrees  Spilled onto self while driving, became disabled due to burns  Awarded $2.7 million in punitive damages Phone Booth Lawsuit:  Charles Bigbee, 1974  Phone booth hit by drunk driver, phone booth door wouldn't open so that he could get out of the way  Lost both legs, collected $25,000 from drunk driver and an undisclosed amount from the phone company Criminal courts:  State: o Limited Jurisdiction  Magistrate court  Municipal court o General Jurisdiction  District court  2 million cases per year o Court of Appeals  Minnesota, 18 judges and 24,000 cases per year  Only 2% of cases go to court of appeals  Reasons for appeal:  Error in due process  Constituitional question  Results of appeal:  Affirm verdict (most common)  Reverse verdict  Remand-needs new trial o State Supreme Court:  Also known as last resort  7 judges  100 cases per year  Can affirm, reverse, remand or invalidate case  Federal: o Limited Jurisdiction o Military Court  Follows French civil law  All military members go to this court  Jury contains 3 officers o Tribal Court  Traditional law  Minor crimes and civil matters  Outcome:  Fine, restitution or banishment from reservation o General Jurisdiction  U.S. district court  94 judicial districts  285,000 civil cases per year  70,000 criminal cases per year o Court of Appeals (Circuit Courts)  56,000 cases per year  12 circuits, including Washington D.C  12 appeals courts o Supreme Court  Establlished in 1789  9 judges  40 cases per year  Responsibilities  State v. State cases  U.S v. other country cases  Federal court appeals  Question of constitutional interpretation  Ceritorari  Power to select cases to review  Writ of Ceritorari o Order to submit records for review  Affirm, revers, invalidate or remand  Stare Decisis: the decision stands  Landmark cases that have changed laws that were stare decisis: o Plessy v. Ferguson, 1896 o Brown v. Board of Education, 1956 o Bower v. Hardwick- 1986 o Lawrence v. Texas- 2003


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