Chapter 5 Notes
Chapter 5 Notes Pols 1101
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kayla Patterson on Wednesday October 5, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Pols 1101 at Georgia State University taught by Dr. Bonnette in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 21 views. For similar materials see AMERICAN GOVRNMENT in Government at Georgia State University.
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Date Created: 10/05/16
Chapter Five 1. Public Opinion and Political Socialization a. Public opinion: Values and attitudes that people have about issues, events, and personalities b. Values: A person’s basic orientation to politics c. Political Ideology: Cohesive set of beliefs that form a general philosophy about the government d. Attitude: Specific view about a particular issue, personality, or event 2. Political Ideologies a. Ideology: Set of underlying orientations, ideas and beliefs b. Liberalism Vs. Conservatism i. Liberals: Believe in a strong role for government in regulating equality. Has a weak role for regulating order ii. Conservatives: Believe in personal responsibility, limited government, free markets, individual liberty, traditional American values and a strong national defense. 3. How Are Values Formed? a. Values are formed from Family impact, social groups, religious organizations, education, prevailing political conditions i. Family: Acquired views from home also liberalism and conservatism are learned at home ii. Group Association: Involuntary social groups like gender, race and ethnicity which provides specific life experiences and responses to political acts iii. Voluntary Social Groups: Like political parties, labor unions, professional associations which tends to raise the political awareness and sensitivity of their members and shapes values iv. Education and political socialization 1. The government uses public education to instill common civic values in most citizens 2. The amount of education that a person receives is tied in important ways v. Political conditions 1. Inspiration or recruitment by politicians or political movements can lead to individuals becoming more aware 2. The coming of political age at a particular time can have a powerful impact 4. How We Form Political Opinions a. Opinions are formed by interaction with others around us b. Shaped by: Political leaders, private groups, the media, pop culture, or agents of socialization i. Media: Tells Americans what issues are going on, and shape how people understand meaning or conflict of politics c. Political Knowledge is key i. Citizens who know about politics: 1. Tend to have consistent ideologies 2. Are less likely to be influenced by others 3. Have a higher sense of political efficacy 5. Public Opinion Poll a. Measures the attitudes of citizen’s feelings towards politicians b. Random Sampling: Method used by pollster to select a representative sample which every individual has an equal probability of being selected i. Radom digit dialing: Generates a random sample by selecting respondents at random from a list. c. Sample Size: Sample must be large enough to provide an accurate representation of population i. All samples have a sampling error or a margin of error: error that arises based on small size of the sample 6. Measuring Public Opinion a. Social- desirability effect: Effect that results when respondents in a survey report what they expect the interviewer wishes to hear rather than believe b. Selection bias: Error that arises when the sample is not representative of the population being studied 7. Polls and Their Results a. Bandwagon Effect: Shift in support to a candidate or opinion because the polls portray its popularity b. Push Polling: Technique which the questions asked in a poll are designed not to measure a respondent’s opinion but change it
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