Psychology 127 B, Week 1
Psychology 127 B, Week 1 Psych 133F
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Airy Itzel Ramirez-Zuniga on Wednesday October 5, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psych 133F at University of California - Los Angeles taught by Karen Givvin in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see Psychology and Education in Psychology (PSYC) at University of California - Los Angeles.
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Date Created: 10/05/16
Lecture 1: Biological Bases Sunday, September 25, 2016 10:56 PM How can we differentiate "normal" and "abnormal" behavior, thoughts, or feelings? Everyone is different so how do you know where to draw a lone from when someone is healthy or someone has an illness. What is a psychological Disorder Its not so easy to figure out o No single definition of psychological abnormality o No single definition of psychological normality o There is no one definition, no one test Accepted DSM-5 definition: o Disturbances in cognition, emotion regulation, or behavioral Reflects psychological, developmental or biological dysfunction o Unexpected in culture context, outside cultural norms o Personal distress and/or substantial impairment in functioning Impairment set in context of a person's background and culture o Socially deviant behavior (e.g. political, sexual, etc.) & conflicts between individuals & society are not mental disorders unless it results in individual dysfunction (new in DSM-5) Behavior different to society or that deviates from society doesn’t necessarily mean illness. More than 25% if American adults every year suffer from a diagnosable mental illness. This is a very big number Very few people are talking about mental illness but many people are going through this. Myths about mental illness: Mental health conditions are uncommon. o They are just uncommon for people to talk about Mental illness is the result of bad parenting. Mental illness is caused by personal weakness. People with mental illness can’t handle work or school. People with mental health conditions are violent and dangerous. o This is a dangerous thought and it mostly comes from the media o People with mental illness are much more likely to be the victims than the actual perpetrators. o This causes a lot of stigma Psychiatric disorders are not real medical issues. You can never get better from a mental illness. o This is not always the case People with mental illnesses should be kept in institutions. o Instead of getting to b part of society is not the case anymore People with mental illness are “damaged” and different. o There are differences but they are still worthy of respect What is stigma?: a negative or unfavorable attitude towards a group of people based on a trait that sets someone apart as different from others Stigma over mental illnesses marks an entire group of people as socially different, unacceptable or undesirable; this belief leads to discrimination. This is how we get discrimination: pulling people apart for being different and saying those differences are bad. What are examples of stigma? Friends and family might not understand what the person is going through and may be reluctant to tell others about their diagnosis At school, peers may be cruel or bully someone simply who they see as different The media often sensationalizes mental illness and portrays people with mental illnesses as violent, pathetic, or amusing At work an individual may be passed over for promotion or socially isolated from coworkers Many people with mental illness say that the stigma associated with their disorder is often as hard (if not harder) to deal with than the symptoms of their illness. They often feel judged, embarrassed, shamed and hated by others. how can YOU help reduce stigma? Educate yourself and others about mental health You’re doing this already! Now help others to understand. Talk openly about mental health, the way you talk about physical health Watch your words Many slurs are socially unacceptable, but “crazy”, “psycho”, “lunatic” etc are still used See the person not the illness Use person based language “person with schizophrenia” not “a schizophrenic” o Their problem is not them! Show empathy, compassion, and respect for people living with mental health conditions.
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