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Chapter 6 Lecture notes

by: Nykira sutton

Chapter 6 Lecture notes 2010

Marketplace > Clemson University > Psychology (PSYC) > 2010 > Chapter 6 Lecture notes
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Chapter 6 pt 4: 10/5/16
Introduction to Psychology
Jo Anne Jorgensen
Class Notes
Psychology, reinforcement, schedules, intermittent, resistancetoextinction, Continuous, control, warmth
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Nykira sutton on Wednesday October 5, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 2010 at Clemson University taught by Jo Anne Jorgensen in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Psychology in Psychology (PSYC) at Clemson University.

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Date Created: 10/05/16
Chapter 6 pt 4 Recap from last class ● important conditions ● Premack principles ● Primary and Secondary Rewards and Punishers ● Bias ● Ways to punish ● Principles of operant conditioning ———————————————————————————————————— — Principles of operant conditioning ● Discriminative stimulus: cues that tell the probability of a consequence ○ Ex. want to borrow car so you ask parents when they are in the good mood because the probability of them saying yes is high ● Shaping: reinforcement of closer and closer approximations of desired response Reinforcement schedules ● Continuous: every time a designated response occurs it is reinforced ○ faster ● Intermittent: designated response is reinforced only some of the time ○ Fixed ratio: reinforcement is given after a fixed number of responses ◆ Ex. Commission. get bonus for every few products sold ◆ Piecework ○ Variable ratio: reinforcement is given after a variable number of responses but the number varies ◆ Ex. Gambling ◆ strongest ○ Fixed interval: reinforcement is give for the first response that occurs after a fixed time interval has elapsed ◆ Ex. Paycheck. getting paid every week or every other week. ○ Variable interval: reinforcement is given fro the first response that occurs after a variable time interval has elapsed ◆ Ex. Email ● Resistance to extinction: organism continues to make a response after the reward has stopped ○ stronger response Control/warmth level ● Authoritarian ○ high control/low warmth ○ my way or the high way mentality ○ kids: rebel in teen years ○ “tiger mom” ● Authoritative ○ perfect balance b/w warmth and control ○ high control/high warmth ○ kids: better school performance and fewer emotional disorders ● Neglectful/uninvolved ○ low warmth, low control ○ lazy ○ kids: low self esteem ● Permissive/indulgent ○ low control/high warmth ○ “helicopter parent” ○ no rules are set ○ kids: selfish. use to getting what they want. Intrinsic and Extrinsic rewards ● Intrinsic: internal reward for doing an activity ● Extrinsic: getting money as a reward for doing an activity ● Dissatisfaction between intrinsic and extrinsic rewards is due to culture ○ Ex. in america there is a work/play mentality, making activities that bring enjoyment dissatisfying when the prospect of getting paid is paired. Bandura and Observational learning ● observational learning: you can learn through modeling ○ person being observed is the model ● Experiment: kids are brought in and are presented different models ○ 1) aggressive model is rewarded ◆ result in aggressive action in children ○ 2) aggressive model is punished ○ 3) non agressive ◆ came in second with aggressive action in children ○ 4) no model Things on test: ch.7 p227


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