Sociology Chapter: Socialization
Sociology Chapter: Socialization SOCI 1311-004
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by M.G on Wednesday October 5, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOCI 1311-004 at University of Texas at Arlington taught by Dr. Dorothy Kalanzi in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views.
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Date Created: 10/05/16
Social Interaction in Everyday Life Social interaction o The process by which people act and react in relation to others o Sociologists approach the process from the symbolic interaction paradigm (micro approach) Status o Social interaction is affected by people’s statuses because we tend to interact with people of the same status o A social position that an individual occupies o Status can be: Ascribed Born into it Achieved Roles o Behavior expected of someone who holds a particular status The social construction of reality The social construction of reality o A process by which people creatively shape reality through social interaction Street smarts To survive on the streets, you construct a favorable outcome I.e., if you pass by gangsters, construct a situation that gives an impression that no one should mess with you If you appear vulnerable the risk of being a target can be higher The Thomas Theorem Situations that are defined as real may become real in their own consequences o I.e., if you want it, see yourself in it, you can get it Dramaturgical Analysis o Goffman introduced the idea of examining social interaction in terms of theatrical performances o Presentation of the Self One tries to create impressions in the minds of others Presenting oneself how one wants to be seen The key is impression management, or making yourself appear in the best light possible o Society as a theater Role performance includes: A social setting or stage Dress code, or wearing a costume o You dress as expected Play with our voice o Manipulate the appearance of emotions, tone Use and control gestures The Courtroom A high, unapproachable desk for the judge Seats for the lawyers Seats for the Jury Seats for the spectators o Confined and far from the back Actors and Costumes Police officers in uniform Judge in their robes Lawyers in their suits Accused in a jumpsuit and cuffs Spectators in anything All of the world is a stage, and all people are merely players, with their own exits and entrances, with many parts Behavior is also partially socially constructed by o Age Children kneel, are in school o Gender Men are bread winners, aggressive Women are seen, not heard, quiet o Social class Presidents Kings, etc. Nonverbal Communication o Interaction involves body language o Gestures, facial expressions o Tone, demeanor o Personal space All nonverbal communication is culture specific o Eye contact In the US, eye contact means honesty o Silence May mean: Wisdom o Body language can contradict verbal communication because nonverbal communication is hard to control Emotions o There is a biological side to emotions because everyone Laughs Cries Gets angry Gets anxious Etc. o The cultural side of emotions which is socially constructed interests sociologists The social construction of language in reference to gender conveys notions of power o Feminine terms are more likely to change to negative meanings vs their masculine counterparts
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