HY 314 Week 7 notes
HY 314 Week 7 notes HY 314
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Victoria Miller on Wednesday October 5, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HY 314 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Dr. Lawrence Kohl in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see Coming of the Civil War in History at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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Date Created: 10/05/16
Week 7 Notes 1836-1844 Texas cont. o Problems with Annexation Mexico considers it a rebellious province, didn’t consider them independent Uncertain boundaries Texas says the border goes all the way to the Rio Grande Mexico says the border is along the Nueces River Annexation was considered a Southern plot Opportunity to expand slavery and increase their power in the Senate o Attitudes toward expansion People begin to form opinions Sections South was all for it “West” or the Midwest less strongly but still for it New England was mostly against/didn’t care Parties Democrats in favor of expansion Whigs anti-expansion and antiwar when it comes 1843-1844 o Abel P. Upshur (Secretary of State under Tyler) Really wants Texas for Southern reasons and doesn’t try to hide it Ends up getting blown up, literally o Tyler appoints John C. Calhoun as Secretary of State Tyler had a chance to make Texas a not so Southern issue here but failed and chose an even more pro-Southern guy to handle it o Clay’s “Raleigh Letter” Henry Clay was more Whig than anyone else and everyone assumed he’d be the candidate in 1844 Martin Van Buren was assumed to be the Democratic nominee Neither of them want Texas and they both meet and agree to keep the issue out of the next election Clay writes a letter saying he’s against annexation o Van Buren’s letter to the Washington Globe Says he’s against annexation Hurts him and doesn’t get the nomination Andrew Jackson comes out in favor of annexation o Calhoun’s Packenham letter Need to annex Texas to protect slavery If not, Britain would gain control of Texas, abolish slavery, Texas would become a haven for runaway slaves like Florida had been Calhoun publishes this letter saying we need to protect slavery, making the stance of the federal government on Texas to be about protecting slavery o Clay’s Alabama letters Tried to soften his stance on Texas to gain votes in the South but ended up costing him votes in the North o James K. Polk “Young Hickory” First dark horse candidate and took nomination from Van Buren Pro-Texas, pro-expansion o James Birney Founded the Liberty Party Abolitionist from Alabama who disagreed with William Lloyd Garrison saying abolitionists SHOULD get involved in politics o Oregon Country “54’40 or Fight!” Originally claimed by Spain, Britain, Russia, and the US Britain really wanted to hold on to their fur trading post at Astoria Polk claimed the whole thing Playing to the sections North really didn’t care about/didn’t want Texas There would never be slavery in Oregon Country so the North could get excited about expansion o Election of 1844 Super close and came down to New York Liberty Party would’ve never voted for a Democrat so they took votes away from Clay If they hadn’t existed, Clay would have won By not being pragmatic, they go the worst possible outcome on the issue they cared about most, slavery If Clay had been president… No Texas annexation No war with Mexico No Kansas-Nebraska But slavery might have lasted much longer Texas annexation o When Polk gets elected, Tyler decides to just annex Texas with a join resolution from Congress o No territorial status Texas will come in immediately as a state When a territory, federal government could prohibit slavery at that stage; this definitely would have caused a fight o No more than 5 states could be made of Texas People worried about the South increasing power in Congress o Texas retains public lands o Texas has to pay its own debts o Extending the Missouri Compromise line Had to because Texas was beyond the lands of the Louisiana Purchase Oregon Country? o Extended 49 parallel and gave Britain everything above o Polk never really cared about Oregon but had to fool Northerners into thinking he did so he could get Texas Manifest Destiny 1836-1848 Expansionist Impulse o 1840s moving West was all the rage o It was our “manifest destiny” to conquer the continent Manifest destiny It’s obvious and it’s going to happen Stephen Douglas quote Basically says we should get rid of our national boundaries and just take in the whole continent Reasons for Expansion o Population growth People needed more room to farm o Land hunger o Ports on the Pacific 1844 US signed treaty with China opening up trading and giving us favored nation status, but we didn’t have any ports on the Pacific for this Whaling Ships from New England were already all over the Pacific and it’d take years to get back to the East coast o Access to foreign markets o Foreign influence Like with Texas, people were concerned about British taking over, interfering with trade and slavery o Contempt for indigenous peoples White people didn’t have respect for them and thought they’d be better off if conquered We’re doing them a favor Americans’ mission in the world? Spreading freedom, democracy, and everything good about America Mexican relations o When Tyler annexed Texas, Mexico cut off diplomatic relations with the United States Because Mexico had never recognized Texas as an independent nation because Santa Anna was coerced into signing the treaty o Polk wants more California Keeps trying to buy pieces of Mexico o Mexican government was really unstable Always in debt Power keeps changing hands Santa Anna was president 11 different times
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