Econ 142 Week 5 Notes
Popular in Microeconomics
verified elite notetaker
verified elite notetaker
verified elite notetaker
verified elite notetaker
verified elite notetaker
verified elite notetaker
Popular in Department
This 10 page Class Notes was uploaded by Cassidy on Thursday October 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Econ 142 at Kansas taught by Dr. Brian Staihr in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views.
Reviews for Econ 142 Week 5 Notes
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 10/06/16
POLS 302 : Introduction to Political Theory Honors Fall 2016 Line number: 26680 Class Meetings: Mondays and Wednesdays, 12:30 1:45 in 102 Nunemaker Professor: Paul Schumaker Office: 522 Blake Phone: 8649038 email: email@example.com Office Hours: Mondays and Wednesdays, 10:00 12:00 and by appointment Objectives: The primary goal of this course is to develop your skills in abstract political thinking so that you can arrive at better political judgments and better defend your judgments in conversations with fellow citizens. The course will culminate in your writing a term paper that describes and compares the public philosophy of a candidate for either federal or state office in the November elections with your own public philosophy. The paper should employ methods and concepts stressed in this course to defend your public philosophy and to assess (positively, negatively, or with a mixture of praise and criticism) the public philosophy of the candidate whose philosophy you will research. To develop your understanding of public philosophies and to enable you to reach better judgments about moral and political issues, we will read and discuss three books (and a few articles). The books are: • Paul Schumaker, From Ideologies to Public Philosophies (WileyBlackwell, 2008). I wrote this book (FIPP) as a relatively advanced introductory text in political theory. It has three main parts: 1. Overviews of various perspectives. You will become familiar with a wide variety of isms: classical liberalism, traditional conservatism, Marxism, anarchism, communism, fascism, contemporary liberalism, and contemporary conservatism. Also considered will be various perspectives that are part of the radical left, the radical right, the extreme left, and the extreme left. Given the conflicts among these perspectives, the role of a possible “pluralist consensus” that allows people to resolve their differences peacefully and in a spirit of equal respect must be understood and appreciated. 2. The philosophical assumptions behind political judgments • Ontology: What comprises ultimate reality and determines history? • Psychology: What are the fundamental characteristics of human nature? • Sociology: What are the fundamental characteristics of all or most societies? • Epistemology: Are there political truths? How can we attain or approach political knowledge? 3. Political principles that we apply to position ourselves on concrete political issues: • Communities: Which polities (such as the UN, a regional entity like the European Union, a nation, a state, or a locality) should be most central to our political identities? How sovereign should various polities be? • Citizens: Who should be granted citizenship? What are the rights and duties of citizens? • Structures: How should our political communities (or polities) be organized? • Rulers: Who should govern our polities? How should political power be distributed? • Authority: What should be the role and legitimate powers of government? • Justice: How should social goods (like income and education) be distributed? • Change: What sort of future can be anticipated? How much and what kind of change is needed? By what means should change be pursued? POLS302 Fall 16 1 FIPP is intended to help understand how and why various perspectives provide alternative philosophical assumptions and political principles, in order that you better understand the views of others and can better develop both a commitment to pluralism and to some more partisan perspective. • Jonathan Haidt, The Righteous Mind: Why Good People are Divided by Politics and Religion (Vintage Books 2013). Haidt is a moral and political psychologist who has developed an important framework for thinking about the roles of intuitions, reason, and empirical evidence in reaching political judgments. His framework in some ways extends that developed FIPP and in other ways challenges the approach in my text. The comparisons and contrasts in his and my frameworks should help you develop your critical thinking skills in making political judgments and arguments. • Michael J. Sandel, Justice: What is the Right Thing to Do? (Farrar, Straus, Giroux, 2009). This is the main text for the MOOC (massive, open, online course) that Professor Sandel has developed to make widely available the ideas he covers in his enormously popular introduction to political thinking at Harvard. We will skip the Internet and have our own conversations about the issues and cases he raises in this bestselling book. Assignments and Grading Grading: Students can accumulate up to 100 points for performances on tests and papers and for their attendance and participation in class. Students earning 90 or more points will be assured of an A; those earning 80 or more points will be assured of a B; etc. While “plusminus grading” will not normally be employed in assigning final grades for the course, I reserve the right to assign such marks in exceptional cases. For example, if you end up with 88 or 89 points and it is my judgment that your overall effort and learning is much like students who earned an “A” because they accumulated 90 points, I could choose to assign you a B+ or an A. Requirements 1. Attendance at and participation during class sessions will count 25 percent of your grade. 2. A midterm exam given on October 12 will count 20 percent of your grade. A study guide containing various testable concepts and essay questions will be distributed by Oct. 3. The exam, which should be completed in a prepurchased, blank, Blue Book, will have two parts. Part 1 will ask you to provide bullet points, defining and indicating the place in political thought (ideologies, theories, and philosophies) of some testable concepts. Prior to each session (S2 through S13 on the calendar below), about five such concepts relevant to the readings and discussion for that session will be posted in the Assignment Folder on Blackboard; thus by the midterm exam, we will have developed a list of about 60 such concepts. These will be reproduced on the study guide and about six of these will be listed on the exam. You will be expected to show your understanding of four of these. Compiling a list of “bullet points” for each testable concept as they are encountered in readings and class should facilitate success here (see study hints below). Part 2 will ask you to write an essay in response to broad questions and themes covered in the readings and in class. The study guide will contain three or four such questions, two of these will be on the exam, and you will write on one of them. 4. A term paper due on December 7 will count 30 percent of your grade. For this paper, you will be expected to provide and defend your own public philosophy and compare it with that of an important POLS302 Fall 16 2 office holder or with that of a candidate for office during the November elections, as mentioned above and as detailed in the appendix at the end of this syllabus. 5. A final exam, scheduled for 10:30 am – 1:00 pm on Wednesday, December 14, will count 25 percent of your grade. This exam will mostly cover materials addressed since the midterm and have three parts. As on the midterm, Part 1 will require you to provide bullet points about some testable concepts. Part 2 will involve writing an essay in response to the sort of questions posed for the midterm. For Part 3, you will write an essay in which you apply what you have learned to some contemporary issue. By December 5, a study guide will be provided. It will contain about 60 testable concepts covered since the midterm, and about three or four questions for both Parts 2 and 3. Again, particular items from the study guide will appear on the final, and you will have to choose which items you wish to tackle. Additional class policies • Be here and be prepared, putting forth the effort specified by the “36 rule of thumb.” • Be on time and take the same seat (according to a seating chart to be created on August 22). • Turn off cell phones (and other such devices). • While laptops may be used for taking notes, you will be asked to turn yours off and put it away if you are observed using it for social networking and other such purposes. • Don’t pack or leave before 1:45. Inform me before class if an early departure is necessary. Other early departures will be treated as absences. • Participate but don’t dominate. Listen to others and practice the other arts of civil discourse. • Notify me as soon as possible of any special needs. The Academic Achievement & Access Center (AAAC) coordinates accommodations and services for all KU students who are eligible. If you have a disability for which you wish to request accommodations and have not contacted the AAAC, please do so as soon as possible. Their office is located in 22 Strong Hall; their phone number is 7858644064. Additional class resources: You are urged to utilize the glossary and familiarize yourself with the bibliographies of primary and secondary sources found in the syllabus file on Blackboard. Calendar S1 Aug. 22: Introduction: course themes and requirements S2 Aug. 24: Introduction to political theory, political philosophy, and public philosophy From Ideologies to Public Philosophies (FIPP), Preface and Chapter 1 Chart on the perspectives on the great issues of politics during the ancient, modern, and post modern eras (in the Documents folder on Blackboard) Part 1. Diverse Political Perspectives S3 Aug. 29: Overviews of the great ideologies of the 19 and 20 centuries FIPP, Chapters 2 and 3 POLS302 Fall 16 3 S4 Aug. 31: Introductions to contemporary quasiideologies (like feminism, environmentalism, and various political and religious fundamentalisms) FIPP, Chapter 4 S5 Sept. 7: Pluralism and the search for consensual agreement on political and philosophical issues Paul Schumaker, “John Rawls, Barack Obama, and the Pluralist Political Consensus,” forthcoming in American Political Thought (available in the Assignments folder) POLS302 Fall 16 4 Part 2. The Foundations of Political Judgment S6 Sept. 12: Where do moral and political judgments come from? Greg Lukianoff and Haidt, “The Coddling of the American Mind,” Atlantic Monthly (Sept. 2015). (available in the Assignments folder) Haidt, The Righteous Mind, Introduction, and pp. 39, 5260, 8499 S7 Sept. 14: Our multiple moral and political taste buds Haidt, pp. 112118, 134179 S8 Sept. 19: The conservative advantage Haidt, pp. 180216 S9 Sept. 21: Our “groupishness” Haidt, pp. 219222, 253262, 279284 S10 Sept. 26: The roots of religious differences Haidt, pp. 285318 S11 Sept. 28: Can we address our ideological disagreements more constructively? Haidt, pp. 319371 S12 Oct 3: From intuitive taste buds to philosophical assumptions: ontological foundations FIPP, Chapter 5 S13 Oct. 5: Assumptions about human nature FIPP, Chapter 6 Oct. 10: No class (Fall break) Oct. 12: Midterm exam S14 Oct. 17: Assumptions about the nature of society FIPP, Chapter 7 S15 Oct. 19: Questions of epistemology FIPP, Chapter 8 Part 3. Alternative political principles S16 Oct. 24: Community identities FIPP, Chapter 9 S17 Oct. 26: Membership in communities and the rights and obligations of citizens FIPP, Chapter 10 S18 Oct. 31: Community structures (including families, churches, mixed economies, and constitutions) FIPP, Chapter 11 POLS302 Fall 16 5 S19 Nov. 2: Questions of rulers and the role of elections in the acquisition of power FIPP, Chapter 12 S20 Nov. 7: Questions of authority: What can tomorrow’s winners do with their legitimate power? FIPP, Chapter 13 S21 Nov. 9: Discussion of the election and the role of increasing inequalities in what happened Thomas Piketty, “Inequality in the long run,” Science 344 (6186), May 23, 2014. (available in the Assignments folder) S22 Nov. 14: Questions of justice: How should social goods be distributed? FIPP, Chapter 14 Part 4. Thinking more collaboratively about justice: Can we agree on what is the right thing to do? Or can we disagree more constructively? S23 Nov. 16: Sandel’s three approaches to justice (the importance and limits of utilitarianism) Sandel, Chapters 1 and 2 S24 Nov. 21: Libertarianism and the morality of the marketplace Sandel, Chapters 3 and 4 S25 Nov. 28: Kant, Rawls, and social justice Sandel, Chapters 5 and 6 S26 Nov. 30: Affirmative action and the teleological approach of Aristotle Sandel, Chapters 7 and 8 S27 Dec. 5: Loyalty and communitarianism Sandel, Chapters 9 and 10 Concluding session S28 Dec. 7: Questions of Change Term papers due FIPP, Chapter 15 Final Exam: Wednesday, December 14, 10:30 am 1:00 pm POLS302 Fall 16 6 Study Hints. Below are a few suggestions to guide student mastery of the materials contained in FIPP, the books by Haidt and Sandel, and introduced in lectures and discussions. Prior to each session, I will provide major (testable) concepts that you will encounter in the assigned readings and during class discussions. Most of these will reappear in subsequent readings and classes, and some will appear on the exams. You are also expected to incorporate such concepts in your term paper. Many are italicized in FIPP (although some other words are italicized for emphasis and because they are titles of books). You are advised to keep a master list of these concepts. You can then develop your own “bullet points” drawn from the text, the assigned original source readings, the glossary, and discussions. These bullet points should provide important information about their meaning and role in political theory and political life. For example, the terms “radical” and “extremist” are bandied around in political discourse, but often lack precise meanings. These terms are encountered as early as in Figure 1, pp. 1920, and pp. 7576 of FIPP, and will be discussed in more detail in S6. Here are some initial bullet points about each: Radicals • Think that electoral and policy choices between contemporary liberals and contemporary conservatives are inadequate; deeper changes are needed. • Identify and seek to correct perceived root cause(s) of deficiencies in social, economic, and political life within pluralist societies. e.g., too much economic inequality, as stressed by social democrats and egalitarian liberals, or too much permissiveness, as stressed by social conservatives and the religious right • Seek to change particular aspects of pluralism, but accept the fundamentals of pluralism, such as toleration of religious, moral, social, and political differences. • Work for change through existing “rules of the game” and lawabiding practices. Extremists • Reject pluralist society. • Seek a more homogeneous one (e.g., a theocracy, a white nationalist society, a communist utopia). • Pursue these in obstructive, militant, often illegal, violent and/or revolutionary ways. However, these and other such bullet points are not some set of ideas to be memorized, as there are many ways of expressing and developing major political concepts. As such concepts appear throughout the semester, you should compile some bullet points regarding them, to help you deepen your understanding of key political concepts and find good ways of expressing your understandings of them on exams. In Chapters 2 through 4 of FIPP, you will gain an initial understanding of the key goals and main ideas of eight ideologies and 20 quasiideologies. But your understanding of these perspectives will remain limited at this point. You should be eager to acquire deeper understandings of these perspectives as you progress through the rest of our texts where you will learn more about their political principles and assumptions. One useful tactic is to quiz yourself when you are away from your books and notes and doing mundane activities by asking yourself questions of the form “How does Ideology A think about Perennial Issue Z?” If you can’t think like a person committed to Ideology A on Issue Z, you have some more studying to do. You should begin by trying to acquire a sympathetic rather than critical understanding of various concepts and ideologies (even fascism!). But that does not mean that you should accept without reservation any of these ideas. Over the course of the semester, you will want to compare alternative ideas offered by various ideologies to determine their merits and deficiencies and perhaps their limited role in developing adequate public philosophies. If you can provide clear and coherent answers to these sorts of questions at the end of the semester, you will be able to understand politics from many perspectives and you will have become a very mature and POLS302 Fall 16 7 sophisticated political thinker. But keep in mind that your answers are always tentative. Informed and reflective political thinking should never stop with the feeling that you have the answers; rather, it is a lifelong quest for better answers that you can defend in conversations with others. Term Papers Topic: The course culminates in your writing a term paper that describes and compares your own public philosophy with that of an important officeholder in either the US (since I have dealt with Obama, you are discouraged from focusing on him! ) or elsewhere (perhaps someone like Angela Markel, Teresa May, or Xi Jingping) or with that of a candidate for federal or state office in the November elections (since Donald Trump’s principles seem difficult to discern, you are discouraged from focusing on him!). The paper should employ methods and concepts stressed in this course to defend your public philosophy and to assess (positively, negatively, or with a mixture of praise and criticism) the public philosophy of the politician whose philosophy you will research. Term Paper Objectives: This paper is intended to help you develop your public philosophy and understand that of others. Developing your own philosophy could be a key element of your (future) applications for political and governmental positions. If you want to intern with a legislator, you will probably be asked about your political views. If you want to run for political office – for everything from being a city councilmember to being the President – voters will want to know your public philosophy. The term paper is a chance to begin working on how you want to present and sell yourself politically. And it will help you understand the public philosophies of others. Due date: A hard copy should be submitted during class on Dec. 7. An electronic copy should be sent to me as an email attachment before the end of the day. Late papers will be accepted through December 11 but will be subject to a one point deduction for each day they are late. No papers will be accepted after December 11. Length: 3000 4000 words. To encourage you to edit your paper carefully – to be as focused, concise, and precise as possible – I will enforce the 4000 word limit. However, I will not count against this limit either footnotes or your list of references at the end of the paper. This will enable you to put into footnotes material from early drafts of your paper that you deem less central but still important to fulfilling the goals of this paper. Term Paper Instructions: Your term paper should be organized around the concepts and issues discussed in this course. While you should consider your views and those of your candidate on the eleven perennial issues developed in FIPPS, you might ultimately decide to focus on a smaller number of issues, those that you think are most important and that you want to focus on in more detail. Four is minimum number of political principles that you must discuss for both yourself and your candidate, and three is the minimal number of philosophical assumptions (or emotional priorities as emphasized by Haidt or moral commitments as emphasized by Sandel) that you must discuss for both yourself and your candidate. Of course, the issues to be discussed addressing your views and that of your candidate must be identical to facilitate comparative analysis. While you may want to mention stances on a few particular current policy issues, your paper must go beyond such policy orientations and focus on issues of public philosophy. Here are some suggestions on how to proceed: Select a political candidate whose public philosophy you will describe and analyze by October 1, before we turn to considering the perennial issues of politics. As we proceed beginning in Session 12, research his or her views on these issues. Keep track of the sources that you use as the basis of your description of his or her philosophy, and be sure to provide at least ten citations of such sources in your paper. Begin to evaluate that candidates views, especially in relationship to your own, as we get to election day. Develop your own public philosophy during this same time period (between October 1 and November 14). The following tasks are directed to developing your informed and reflective political judgments. (1) As we read about and discuss each perennial political and philosophical issue, especially during Sessions 12 through 22, compare and contrast the ideas that are proclaimed and defended by the advocates of alternative POLS302 Fall 16 8 ideologies. Among the principles and assumptions you encounter, which do you most support (not because they coincide with your interests or your prior beliefs but) because (on the basis of what you have learned in this course) you think you can best defend them in conversations with others. At the end of each of these sessions, you should write down a small number philosophical assumptions or political principles about the great issues under discussion that day that you regard as the most likely ideas to be included in your public philosophy as expressed in this paper. You should also write down some preliminary reasons for holding these ideas. (2) Throughout the semester, you should think about other political writings that you have encountered (or are encountering through outside reading) and how these writings relate to the issues we are considering in this course. You should also be reading about how current issues are being covered and discussed in the media and by political leaders (beyond your candidate). Think about how you might incorporate these external sources into your own public philosophy, perhaps because they provide principles and assumptions about the great issues that have not been considered in this course, perhaps because they provide good arguments for elements of your philosophy, or because they provide important objections to your ideas that you will want to refute. Keep notes on these external sources, so they can be incorporated into your paper. You must incorporate ideas from at least five diverse external sources that provide ideas that are helpful to developing and clarifying your own philosophy. (3) Overall, your paper should contain at least 15 external references relevant to your public philosophy and that of your selected politician. You should not cite anyone or any source having a particular ideological position more than a couple of times. Show that you are considering alternative viewpoints. (4) By Thanksgiving, accumulate your notes from prior weekly writings on each principle and assumption in order to draft your comprehensive public philosophy and outline that of your candidate. Now you will want to ensure that your previously preferred principles and assumptions are coherent or hang together in a way that avoids contradictions. Now you may have to make choices about which ideas are most important to you and that you want to stress in the paper. (5) As we approach the Dec. 7 due date, you should move from the rough draft previously completed to your final product. Now is the time to add an introduction that does a good job of introducing your public philosophy and that of your candidate. Also add a good conclusion that highlights where you stand in relationship to the many political philosophies that have been considered in this course and your overall assessment of the philosophy of your candidate. Discuss what is distinctive and persuasive about your views. It would also be interesting to discuss continuities and changes in your views as presented in the final paper with those indicated in the political attitude survey you filled out at the beginning of the semester. For this purpose you should keep a copy of that survey. Since this paper expresses your ideas, there should be few problems of academic misconduct. Still, it is not only imperative that your papers reflect your own thoughts and analysis but that you appropriately cite your sources. Any material taken verbatim from assigned or outside sources should be placed in quotation marks and cited. You should also cite those ideas taken from such sources that you are paraphrasing (or putting in your own words). Such citations should be provided immediately following your drawing from these materials. You should use intext or parenthetical (APSA) citation conventions. Details of these methods are available at http://writing.wisc.edu/Handbook/DocChicago.html. Here are the basics, with some simplifying modifications for this course. If you are drawing from our texts, your citations can be embedded in your paper providing only an abbreviation for the text and the page number (and the author discussed in the text as the source of the idea). For example: • If you want to cite a general idea discussed in FIPP, such as having little interest in extending citizen involvement in politics (as attributed to classical liberals in our text) your citation might be: (FIPP, 234). POLS302 Fall 16 9 • If you want to cite an idea of a particular author as conveyed in another of our texts,, such as Emile Durkheim’s emphasis on the need for community loyalties, your citation would be: (Durkheim as discussed by Haidt, 191192, 260262). If you are drawing from ideas introduced in class, especially matters that I have posted in the Documents folder on Blackboard, you can simply indicate the class or document. For example, you might want to mention some form of oppression as a postmodern principle of justice and draw from our discussion of that idea in Session 2, your source here would simply be: (L2). As another example, I am likely to mention ideas about the importance of a mixed economy during session 18, drawing from Jacob Hacker and Paul Pierson’s recent book, American Amnesia. If you want to mention my summary of their ideas (but have not actually read the book), you would only have to indicate your debt to them (and me) by putting the following after your presentation of these ideas: (Hacker and Pierson as discussed during S18). Your external sources should also be noted with intext conventions, immediately following your reference to these ideas in your paper; in these cases you should indicate within parentheses the last name of the author(s), the year of publication, and the page number. For example, if you were drawing from Plutocracy in America, your intext citation would take the following form: (Formisano, 2015, pp. 174). The unassigned readings that are cited using this intext method should then be included in a List of References at the end of your paper. All such citations should be listed alphabetically, by the last name of the first author. For each work, you should provide standard information about the author(s), title of her work, publisher, year of publication, and page as illustrated below. • A book: Formisano, Ronald. Plutocracy in America. Johns Hopkins University Press, 2015 • A journal article: Gilens, Martin, and Benjamin Page. “Testing Theories of American Politics: Elites, Interest Groups, and Average Citizens.” Perspectives on Politics (Sept. 2014) • An article (on Donald Trump) on the web: Sullivan, Andrew. “Democracies End When They Become Too Democratic.” http://nymag.com/daily/intelligencer/2016/04/americatyrannydonald trump.html (accessed 11/3/16) It is not necessary to include citations from our texts or from class presentations and discussions in the List of References. Indeed, you discouraged from doing so. Assistance at the Writer’s Roost. There are several Writer’s Roosts on campus that provide consultation at no charge for their services. For more information, please call 8642399 or send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org. When you visit, bring your work in progress along with areas of your writing where you seek assistance, such as organization, documentation, editing, etc. POLS302 Fall 16 10
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'