GEOG 2120; week 6
GEOG 2120; week 6 GEOG 2120
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by John Fauver on Thursday October 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to GEOG 2120 at George Washington University taught by Dymond in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 17 views. For similar materials see World Regional Geography in Geography at George Washington University.
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Date Created: 10/06/16
Class Southeast Asia has Mainland portion and insular portion State Morphology Compact: Cambodia (majority of periphery is equidistant from geographic center) Protruding: Myanmar and Thailand (Main compact piece and an extension out from that piece). Protruding areas may have different cultures/economies Elongated: Vietnam (Length is 6 times its width). May be challenging for government to be in control. Military may not be able to protect entirety of length. You may be more influenced by neighboring countries. North is more communist and south is more capitalist Fragmented: Indonesia (this is most challenging to govern. It is spread into pieces that are separated by something) Perforated: South Africa (Lesotho is within South Africa). Lesotho perforates south Africa Physical Geography Mountainous regions causes air to rise, cool quickly and produce intense rains (orographic lifting) Maritime influence is very strong The mainland is a peninsula In west Pacific, typhoons can occur all year Irrawaddy River: major river of Myanmar, originates in north of country and flows from north to south and empties into vast river delta into Andaman sea. 1,300 miles long and navigable for 870 of those miles It is most important river in Myanmar for trade, commercial traffic, transportation Yangon is in delta region (largest and most important city Many rivers in South Asia and Southeast Asia originates in Tibetan plateau Salween River: Originates In Tibetan Plateau and then enters into Myanmar and enters out east of Yangon. 1,740 miles long but is only navigable for 75 miles Irrawaddy is surrounded by flood plain and Salween flows through steep mountains Mekong River: Originates in Tibetan Plateau and flows through and then forms border between Myanmar and Laos, Thailand and Laos, then flows through Cambodia and Vietnam. 2,610 miles long. Large vessels can travel about 300 to 400 miles. Navigability is becoming increasingly challenged over time because of sedimentation Human Activities like construction of dams could increase sedimentation (dams alter flow and sedimentation tends to occur downstream from large dams). Irrigation for agriculture also causes sedimentation Vietnam portion of Mekong River receives pollution from the other countries Eurasian Plate and Indian plate are converging and this occurs along extensive zone (lots of volcanoes, earthquakes) Population Java is one of most densely populated areas in the world (it also has a lot of steep/mountainous areas where people cannot live) Eastern Thailand, Portions of Vietnam near Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City, part of Malaysia near river delta and much of the Philippines have very high population density Indonesia Moto is Unity in Diversity There is no true Indonesian nationality Government tries to imprint the nationality among the population Hundreds of ethnicities and languages (Bahasa Indonesia is main language) 87% Muslim (225.3 million Muslim) 10% Christian 2% Hindu Bali and Lombok maintained the Hinduism (modified Hinduism) while most parts of Indonesia lost Hinduism to Islam Bali and Lombok speak Balinese (modified Malay) Bali and Lombok is one of wealthiest parts of Indonesia (tourism epicenter of Indonesia) Bali and Lombok is a meca for surfers around the world, have beautiful scenery and unique culture Agriculture and fishing are very important to the economy (rice, fruits, vegetables) Indonesia is southeast Asia's largest economy (but there are still issues with poverty and unemployment) Rich Volcanic soil helps yield prolific agriculture Rice, plantation style agriculture (rubber, sugar, palm oil, coffee, tea, tobacco) These are primarily cultivated for export Indonesia has lots of conflict and fighting between Christians and Muslims Recently, the government has forcibly moved people around in Indonesia (this creates ethnic conflicts) Many people have antigovernment sentiment