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American History I Week 4 Notes

by: Mikeila Ramos

American History I Week 4 Notes History 2010- 34

Marketplace > Austin Peay State University > History > History 2010- 34 > American History I Week 4 Notes
Mikeila Ramos

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I know that these were posted a little late, I apologize for the inconvenience. However, I hope that these notes still benefit you in some form throughout the remainder of this course. These notes ...
American History I
Dr. Kelly Jones
Class Notes
Early America, Native Americans, french, english
25 ?




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Mikeila Ramos on Thursday October 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to History 2010- 34 at Austin Peay State University taught by Dr. Kelly Jones in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 8 views. For similar materials see American History I in History at Austin Peay State University.


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Date Created: 10/06/16
th September 13 , 2016 American Slavery and American Freedom How did slavery and freedom evolve together in early America? Was slavery the price to pay for the union? Empire  Mercantilism= an economic system that connects the mother country and her colonies - The mother country benefits. - They want a favorable balance of trade (Get more, spend less) - There were laws passed to encourage economic development.  Navigation Act, 1660- 1663 -Required only English shipping - “Enumerated Articles” have to go directly - Manufactured goods go to England - Duties! - customs duties were slick taxes charged to use English shipping ports *laws that make mercantilism work Bacon’s Rebellion, 1676 -William Burkley (governor) - Nathaniel Bacon - The governor decided to make taxes and create troops that protected the colonists of Virginia (Jamestown) from the natives - Bacon wanted his own troops but the governor says no so… he convinces other colonists that elite is oppressing the common man (not him) …He gets support from poor whites, slaves, and some elite (Brits. sent ships to the help the governor.) -He torched Jamestown but died shortly after - The governor noticed that he harassed the anger of the servants th September 15 , 2016 The Practice of Empire  New England Evasions of the Law - Colonists would smuggle goods so they didn’t have to place customs. The crown sent British customs workers to keep an eye on ports but, they were usually bribed to look the other way.  Dominion of New England, 1686 - Economy began to change as business owners begin to get into the territory that Britain dominated - A governor was placed to centralize this new system to in a way threaten the colonial assembly (colony representative body) * Colonists saw the shift and overthrew it which results in the colonial assembly being able to keep their power.  Glorious Revolution, 1688 - An overthrow of English government because they are now articulating the rights of citizens and give Parliament more power - Gave colonists the idea of freedom *growing power of colonial assemblies began to cruise  Reorganization of 1696 - Restate rules Additions to the Old Colonial System - Meant to regulate trade in favor of the mother country  Woolens Act, 1699 -manufacturing - wool manufacturers could only sell their area so that they profit from their industry and everything else they need comes from Great Britain  Molasses Act, 1733 - Foreign competition - Added import duty (protective tariff) on molasses which made it easier to buy English molasses “Salutary Neglect” - The mother country accepting the prosperity of both sides *the system is working well enough - evasions, rule-bending, bribery - good economic results to 1763 (the end of the French and Indian war) Power Struggle with Colonial Assemblies -They wanted to hold power in the least complicated way possible. Other Aspects of the Relationship (pre 1763)  The English idea of rights/ citizenship - Comfortable with hierarchy  Pacification of powerful elites  Protection - Protecting the colony from natives ** Colonists are benefiting as subjects of the crown WHICH LEAD TO… 1763 ***French and Indian War (Seven Years War), 1756-1763*** -The British vs the French and Natives - resulted in the French being ran out of the Great Lakes area  Pontiac’s Rebellion, 1763 *The war was expensive! - Colonists were asked to pay for it. September 15 , 2016 1763  Proclomation Line, 1763 -Don’t go trade west of this line because we can’t protect you  Sugar Act (Revenue Act), 1764 - Customs duty on sugar to help pay for the war *Stamp Act, 1765 - the first internal Differ from a customsplaced on their colonies - get goods stamped to prove that you payed the required tax duties are mandatory --Parliament repeals the Stamp Act and passes the Declaratory Act, 1766 which basically lets colonists know that yes, they took the Stamp Act away but, they still have power and could have left it… *Just because they bend, doesn’t mean that they’re weak  Townshend Duties, 1767 - More customs duties were placed on goods - Repealed except for the one on tea Boston Massacre, 1770 - Unarmed people were shot by British troops for harassing customs house workers


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