history 1213 week 8 notes
history 1213 week 8 notes History1213
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Canndace Loftin on Thursday October 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to History1213 at Mississippi State University taught by Hayes in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 12 views. For similar materials see Early western world in History at Mississippi State University.
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Date Created: 10/06/16
10/3/16 Notes ● Terms ○ Sulla- dictatorship of 3 years, general and statesman ○ Marius-Roman general and statesman. He held the office of consul an unprecedented seven times during his career. ○ Gaius Julius Caesar- very successful general and statesman of Rome, and noble author of latin poetry ○ Pompey-military and political leader ○ Crassus- third general in the trimverate ○ First Trimverate(63 BC)- The rule of popmey, caesar, and crassus ○ Cleopatra- Egyptian pharaoh in 69-30 BC ○ Octavian- 1 of caesar’s adopted sons ○ Mark Antony- 1 of ceasar’s adopted sons ○ Gallic Wars- caesar conquest of gaul (present day france and belgium) 1. Rome from republic to empire What causes a civil war? What changes did Rome undergo? THE ARMY BECAME A POLITICAL STRUCTURE Generals decided to use their military power in the political system Sulla’s dictatorship set a pattern: what is the dictator didn’t return to private life Caesar as alexander the great Caesar was a writer Wrote about the gallic wars where he conquered gaul Caesar brought egypt under roman control Caesar punished pirates in his early years to bring the roman peace through the mediterranean ● This contributed to the wealth of rome Caesar was not the only successful general Caesar, Pompey and crassus decided to share power instead of fighting over it The arrangement broke down through jealousy when crassus died pompey didn’t want to share the power with caesar because caesar was too successful Caesar fought pompey and won the civil war Caesar had a child with cleopatra Caesar looked West to expand Rome while Pompey looked East Caesar ruled like an Eastern ruler Caesar ends up being dictator for life Expanded the senate Opponents feared caesar would make himself king Brutus was behind the conspiracy to assassinate caesar Even when caesar died the story did not end 14 years of civil war breaks out This was between caesar’s friends and opposers Mark Antony and octavian fought over power in Rome Mark antony sought out cleopatra Octavian is the first Roman emperor 10/5 Terms Augustus- octavian Teutoburg Forest (9 AD)- battle that took place in germany, legions were led by varus , many germans wanted to be free from rome, the germans defeated varus’ legions, this led to the Romans to give up on expanding into germany Publius Quinctilius Varus- Roman general Parthia- modern day persia, the cost to conquer the parthians did not match the benefit Tiberius- (55?-117?) an aristocratic historian who describes the events and people of his age largely for the purpose of passing judgement on them Caligula- (37-41 BC) proved vicious or ineffectual and grew gradually peaceful and grew burecracy. Claudius- conquered britain, became emperor after caligula was murdered, thought of the virtue of the Roman republic, did his best to rule with the benefit of the people Nero- claudius successor, claudius’ nephew , lost respect, nero was concerned for himself not the people of rome, persecuted christians and blamed them for the great fire in rome, committed suicide Who was augustus?- caesar’s adopted son but he also won the civil war after the death of caesar. Augustus brought order and peace to Rome. How did augustus bring peace to Rome? - he diminished conflict by being the first citizen of the new rome. He limited membership of the senate The senate became an advisory body He shared offices Reduced the army Kept order in Rome so violence in rome would not be an issue Augustus first used his own wealth to provide food for the people He started to tax the elite Conquest also brought Rome wealth, during the reign of augustus and his successors Nero did not leave an aire Christianity created a revolution in the roman empire, it changed how the people saw the world
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