South and Southeast Asian Art Pt. 1
South and Southeast Asian Art Pt. 1 AAH 1010
Popular in Survey of Art and Architectural History I
Popular in Arts and Humanities
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Daria on Thursday October 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to AAH 1010 at Clemson University taught by Beth A. Lauritis in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see Survey of Art and Architectural History I in Arts and Humanities at Clemson University.
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Date Created: 10/06/16
South and Southeast Asia India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Cambodia, Bangladesh, Indonesia Great Bath, Mohenjo-daro ● Pakistan, ca. 2600–1900 BCE. ● Religion may not have dictated politics in the society. ● Possibly a practical function, possible ritual ● Complicated systems for sanitation, irrigation, suggested a developed culture Robed male figure ● From Mohenjo-daro, Pakistan, ca. 2000–1900 BCE. Steatite, 6 7/8 ” high. National Museum of Pakistan, Karachi ● His eyes down suggest meditation ● Stylized beard ● Generalized face could suggest any man. Nude male torso ● From Harappa, Pakistan, ca. 2000 – 1900 BCE. Red sandstone, 3 ¾ “ high. National Museum, New Delhi. ● Looks like movement ● Not “frozen” Seal with seated figure in yogic posture ● From Mohenjo-daro, Pakistan, ca. 2300–1750 BCE. Steatite coated with alkali and baked, approx. 1 3/8” X 1 3/8”. National Museum, New Delhi. ● Writing that’s not yet deciphered ● Suggests a person doing yoga, possible shiva? (god of animals) or a hybrid creature ● Organized society, Need to have things stamped ● Intaglio - carved into soft stone and then use the shape to make a stamp Belief Systems ● The Vedas: foundational religious knowledge written in Sanskrit; establish caste system ● The Upanishads: samsara, karma, moksha (nirvana) key ideas in these texts ● Hinduism: an outgrowth of indigenous beliefs coupled with the Vedas and the Upanishads, codified between 8-500 BCE ● Buddhism: a reaction to indigenous beliefs begun with the preaching of Siddhartha Gautama, the Buddha after 500 BCE ● Jain: founded on the teachings of Mahavira (contemporary to Buddha) ○ All arian (worshipped male gods). Lion capital of column erected by Ashoka ● Sarnath, India, ca. 250 BCE. Polished sandstone, 7’ high. Archaeological Museum, Sarnath. ● This is one of many pieces of art in the empire to spread the idea of Buddhism. ● The dharma also was the law, and represented as the circles near the bottom. ● The degree of realism is very close to the naturalistic life. The detail is slightly stylized but mostly close to being real. ● Lotus means getting out of muddy waters (at the bottom) ● The lions refer to Buddha, spreading the doctrine North Elevation of the Great Stupa ● Sanchi, India, third century BCE to rst century CE ● Idea that it goes through the earth. It might represent a sort of structure that unites the earthly life to the heavens. ● Helped make people feel that nirvana was achievable in buddhism. ● Order, symmetry, rationality, harmony. Yakshi, detail of the east torana ● Great Stupa, Sanchi, India, mid-rst century BCE to early rst century CE. Sandstone, 5’ high. ● It may represent fertility because of the mango tree. ● Gender of the lady is clearly defined. Chaitya hall ● Karle, India, c. 50-100 CE. ● There is a stupa at the end of the hall. ● Again, showing how nirvana is reachable to the everyday person, not just elite. Meditating Buddha ● From Gandhara, Pakistan, second century CE. Gray schist, 3’ 7 1/2” high. National Museums of Scotland, Edinburgh. ● Looks realistic, connecting people to buddha. He and nirvana don’t seem so far off. ● Iconography of buddha - hairdo (top knot called ushnisha), tuft of hair on forehead (urna), elongated earlobes, long arms (disproportionately), hand gesture, monks robe, no jewelry.
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