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Unit 2 D&E: God & Science

by: sophia_hella

Unit 2 D&E: God & Science Phil 1002

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Much Ado About "Nothing" & Science, The Self, and an Afterlife
Intro: God, Faith & Reason
Class Notes
Science, philosophy
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by sophia_hella on Thursday October 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Phil 1002 at University of Utah taught by in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views.


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Date Created: 10/06/16
Tuesday, September 27, 2016 Unit 2D&E: God & Science Much Ado About “Nothing” - Philosophers on “Something from Nothing” • Options for an Ultimate Explanation of the Universe 
 Ultimate Explanations 
 An ultimate explanation of our universe would be the final fact(s) or truth(s) that ends all further “Why?” questioning. - Hawking on “Something from Nothing” • Hawing’sArgument 
 Why Is There Something Rather Than Nothing? 
 Aseity is the property whereby a being contains the complete explanation of its own existence - rather than its existence deriving from something else, or in any way being explained or caused by something else. Science, The Self, and an Afterlife - Interesting Case Study: NDEs • Near-Death Experience
 Anear-death experience refers to a personal experience associated with impending death. These phenomena are usually reported after an individual has been pronounced clinically dead or has been very close to death. With recent developments in cardiac resuscitation techniques, the number of reported NDEs has increased. • Common Elements
 Out of Body experience - observing events that couldn’t have been observed via their ordinary sense organs 
 Tunnel experience 
 Bright Light 
 Intense feelings of being loved.
 Life review - observing a summary of life events, from their own point of view, and the 1 Tuesday, September 27, 2016 point of view of others.
 Interaction with beings - i.e, spiritual beings or previously decreased loved ones • One Sort ofAtheiest/Naturalist Reaction
 Science can explain almost all of NDEs.
 So, there’s no reason to resort to supernatural magic to explain the rest.
 Instead, it’s more plausible that all of these accounts have some natural explanation • One Sort of Theist Reaction
 We can grant that some parts of NDEs are the natural result of the brain shutting down.
 Yet, there are other parts of NDE reports that resist any natural explanation. - What Would Be Required to Live On, InAnAfterlife? • For Me to Exist in anAfterlife…
 Some part of me would have to be capable of surviving the death of my body.
 The part that survives would have to be capable of counting as me. - Consciousness and the Brain • Two Main ViewsAbout the Mind-Brain Relation 
 Dualism vs. Identity Theory
 1.According to dualist accounts, the brain and the conscious mind have very different properties, thereby making them distinct entities while cooperate to produce normal cognition. 
 2.According to identity theory accounts, the brain and the conscious mind are identical - the conscious mind just is some aspect of the brain. • How What’s Unexplained Relates to Part 2 2


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