Psych Notes 12065
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Chloe Carey on Thursday October 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 12065 at University of Illinois at Chicago taught by Dr. Julie J. Chen in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 12 views. For similar materials see Intro to Psychology in Psychology (PSYC) at University of Illinois at Chicago.
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Date Created: 10/06/16
MEMORY The more you can relate to the thing that you’re memorizing, the more likely you’re able to memorize Chunking: breaking down things into familiar groups into manageable units Visual Imagery: techniques that use vivid imagery Peg system: more difficult to remember. But easier to memorize when put into a phrase Method of loci: imagine things you need to remember in different locations of your house. The self-reference effect in memory (1977) The memory boost you get. Highly organized schema (knowing a lot about yourself). You can relate information to a highly organized schema. Being able to relate a series of words to yourself and therefore being able to memorize the set of words better. Psychological disorders Persistently harmful thoughts, feelings, and actions ● Describes deviant, distressful, and dysfunctional behavior ● NOT A DISEASE. No biological causes. ● Defined by symptoms Anxietydisorder : feelings of excessive apprehension and anxiety ● Generalized anxiety disorder: chronic and exaggerated worry and tension (ex. Worrying that the sky is going to fall on you) ○ Persistent and uncontrollable tenseness and apprehension ○ Autonomic arousal (heart racing) ○ Inability to control ● Social anxiety (most common anxiety disorder) ● Panic disorder: an intense form of anxiety disorder. ○ A sudden surge of intense fear ○ May be mistaken as a heart attack ● Phobias ○ Fear towards specific objects or situation ● Obsessive compulsive disorders (continuation of useless tasks→ ex. Washing hands three times) ○ Persistent repetitive actions ● PTSD: has haunting memories, nightmares, social withdrawal, jumpy anxiety, sleep problems Dissociative isorders (multiple personality disorder) CHRIS SIZEMORE→ patient zero ● Dissociative identity disorder ● Understanding dissociative identity disorder Mood disorders ● Major depressive disorder ● Bipolar disorder Schizophrenia ● Onset and development of schizo Personality disorders ● Antisocial personality disorder ● Understanding antisocial personality disorder Psychotherapy Is psychotherapy effective? Freud: thought that the therapist and the patient had to have a connection. Both had to be comfortable Psychoanalysis: conflicts stem from childhood. Repressed feelings and the conscious awareness are brought up in this method ● The goal: the therapist will uncover what is unconsciously buried in the patient’s mind ● Manifest layer: what the patient thinks about themselves and their ethics/morals ● THe free association allows the therapist to see what they’re really thinking. The patient edits their thoughts to resist feelings Criticisms: can not be proven or disproven (not scientific) Humanistic therapies: aims to boost self-fulfillment by helping people grow in self-awareness and self-acceptance Counterconditioning: a procedure that conditions new responses to stimuli that trigger unwanted behaviours ● Ex. training to not be afraid of heights ○ Exposure therapy: exposing a person of their phobia assuming that the more the person is exposed to the phobia, it will go away eventually ■ Systematic desensitization: therapy that associates a pleasant, relaxed, state with gradually increasing anxiety-triggering stimuli. Commonly used to treat phobias ○ Aversive conditioning: designed for unwanted behaviors like addiction COgnitive therapy: (used mainly for depression) uses reason/logic to show that the person is not always sad.
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