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Psych Notes

by: Chloe Carey
Chloe Carey

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About this Document

Intro to Psychology
Dr. Julie J. Chen
Class Notes
memory, psychological disorders
25 ?




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Popular in Psychology (PSYC)

This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Chloe Carey on Thursday October 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 12065 at University of Illinois at Chicago taught by Dr. Julie J. Chen in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 12 views. For similar materials see Intro to Psychology in Psychology (PSYC) at University of Illinois at Chicago.

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Popular in Psychology (PSYC)


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Date Created: 10/06/16
  MEMORY  The more you can relate to the thing that  you’re memorizing, the more likely you’re  able to memorize    Chunking: breaking down things into familiar  groups into manageable units     Visual Imagery: techniques that use vivid  imagery    Peg system: more difficult to remember. But  easier to memorize when put into a phrase    Method of loci: imagine things you need to  remember in different locations of your  house.     The  self-reference  effect   in memory   (1977)  The memory boost you get. Highly  organized schema (knowing a lot about  yourself). You can relate information to a  highly organized schema. Being able to  relate a series of words to yourself and  therefore being able to memorize the set of  words better.            Psychological  disorders  Persistently harmful thoughts,  feelings, and actions  ● Describes deviant, distressful, and  dysfunctional behavior   ● NOT A DISEASE. No biological causes.   ● Defined by symptoms     Anxietydisorder : feelings of excessive  apprehension and anxiety   ● Generalized anxiety disorder: chronic  and exaggerated worry and tension  (ex. Worrying that the sky is going to  fall on you)  ○ Persistent and uncontrollable  tenseness and apprehension  ○ Autonomic arousal (heart racing)  ○ Inability to control  ● Social anxiety (most common anxiety  disorder)   ● Panic disorder: an intense form of  anxiety disorder.   ○ A sudden surge of intense fear  ○ May be mistaken as a heart attack   ● Phobias  ○ Fear towards specific objects or  situation  ● Obsessive compulsive disorders  (continuation of useless tasks→ ex.  Washing hands three times)   ○ Persistent repetitive actions   ● PTSD: has haunting memories,  nightmares, social withdrawal, jumpy  anxiety, sleep problems     Dissociative  isorders (multiple personality  disorder) CHRIS SIZEMORE→ patient zero  ● Dissociative identity disorder  ● Understanding dissociative identity  disorder    Mood  disorders  ● Major depressive disorder  ● Bipolar disorder    Schizophrenia  ● Onset and development of schizo    Personality disorders  ● Antisocial personality disorder  ● Understanding antisocial personality  disorder  Psychotherapy  Is psychotherapy effective?  Freud: thought that the therapist and the  patient had to have a connection. Both had  to be comfortable  Psychoanalysis: conflicts stem from  childhood. Repressed feelings and the  conscious awareness are brought up in this  method  ● The goal: the therapist will uncover  what is unconsciously buried in the  patient’s mind  ● Manifest layer: what the patient  thinks about themselves and their  ethics/morals  ● THe free association allows the  therapist to see what they’re really  thinking. The patient edits their  thoughts to resist feelings   Criticisms: can not be proven or disproven  (not scientific)    Humanistic therapies: aims to boost  self-fulfillment by helping people grow in  self-awareness and self-acceptance    Counterconditioning: a procedure that  conditions new responses to stimuli that  trigger unwanted behaviours  ● Ex. training to not be afraid of heights  ○ Exposure therapy: exposing a  person of their phobia assuming  that the more the person is  exposed to the phobia, it will go  away eventually  ■ Systematic desensitization:  therapy that associates a  pleasant, relaxed, state with  gradually increasing  anxiety-triggering stimuli.  Commonly used to treat  phobias  ○ Aversive conditioning: designed  for unwanted behaviors like  addiction  COgnitive therapy: (used mainly for  depression) uses reason/logic to show  that the person is not always sad.  


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