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Week 7 notes

by: Mary Bone

Week 7 notes Art 104B

Mary Bone

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About this Document

Beginning to talk about Etruscan Art
Ancient Art, CR # 41908
Jeanette Cooper
Class Notes
Art History
25 ?




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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Mary Bone on Thursday October 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Art 104B at Humboldt State University taught by Jeanette Cooper in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see Ancient Art, CR # 41908 in Art at Humboldt State University.


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Date Created: 10/06/16
Thursday, October 6, 2016 Week 7 Etruscan Art - Who Were the Etruscans? much information comes from burials • • language is an isolate - not indo-European - local language pro to Italic migrations? - importaed from an unknown origin? • Historical Mention - Herodotus says they came from Asia Minor • no proof of this • not impossible…Would have to have been before • As Per Herodotus - “[…] their king divided the people into two groups, and made them draw lots, so that the one group should remain and the other leave the country; he himself was to be the head of those who drew the lot to remain there, and his son, whose name was Tyrrhenus, of those who departed. […] they came to the Ombrici, where they founded cities and have lived ever since. They no longer called themselves Lydians, but Tyrrhenians, after the name of the king’s son who had led them there.” (Histories 1.94) • no proof of this • Herodotus sometimes presents “history” and other times “heresay” or “stories” he tries to interpret and gets all wrong • 2007 Genetic studies suggest that a Near Eastern origin is possible • called themselves Tyrrhenoi • called their region Rasenna - Etruscan Timeline 1 Thursday, October 6, 2016 • Bronze Age: 3000-1000 BC • Villanovan Period: 1000-750 BC • Orientalizing Period: 750-575 BC • Archaic Period: 575-480 BC • Period of Crisis and Renewal: 5th-4th c. BC • Hellenistic Period: 3rd-1st c. BC - Bronze Age Etruria • settlements on plateaus - groups of huts • one room only • had hearths • oval shaped • wattle and daub walls • thatched roofs • drainage channels between huts • settlements probably based on family connections • 100-200 people • no evidence of social differentiation • inhumation burials - Transition Bronze Age to Villanovan Period • c.1200-1000 BC - populations increase - agricultural production intensified - metallurgy developed - social hierarchies initiated - Villanovan Period c. 1000-750 BC 2 Thursday, October 6, 2016 • cultural change - from inhumation to cremation - remains placed in Bi-conical ash urns • made of impasto (clay) • no pottery wheel - being use din western areas - urns placed in a shallow hole with grave goods • drinking vessels • bronze objects - Villonovan Helmet Urns • three types - crested Helmet - Bell-Soaped - Bell-Soaped with cap - Villonovan Hut Urns • most are 8th c. BC • relatively small percentage go burials • a sense of what architecture was like during this time • buried their dead in houses - Etruscan Pottery • Villanovan Period - Impasto • clay with inclusions of mica and/or stone • Fries unevenly in various colors • Hand-modeled • Orientalizing Period 3 Thursday, October 6, 2016 - Bucchero - Becomes dominant in the 7th c. BC - Begins at Cerveteri 4


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