Social Deviation SOC 110
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Nicole Wolfe on Thursday October 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 110 at University of North Dakota taught by Ashley Leschyshyn in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Sociology in Sociology at University of North Dakota.
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Date Created: 10/06/16
10/4/16 Social Deviance Are tattoos deviant? o 45 million American’s have tattoos 86% do not regret it o Age 30 years old vs 70 years old o Body placement Face vs elsewhere o Occupation Lawyer vs tattoo artist o Dr. David Ores Graduate of Columbia University Medical Center Tattoo removal focuses on hands and necks – areas posing barriers to employment What is deviance? o Violation of norms, rules, expectations o Just because something is deviant doesn’t mean it is criminal o Behavior Clothing an individual wears Guys wearing Uggs Stay at home fathers More stay at home moms than dads in the world Female body builders o Belief Believing in Bigfoot Believing in aliens and UFOs Religion (atheism) o Condition/characteristic Female cheerleader with prosthetic leg Physical disability Teenage pregnancy HIV positive or AIDS positive Characteristics of deviance o Relative Varies across societies i.e. yoga pants in Malaysia is illegal o Fluid Perceptions change over time i.e. public smoking in restaurants is now illegal o Seriousness varies Violate: Folkways Mores/laws Did you know in ND… o Illegal to lie down and fall asleep with your shoes on o Beer and pretzels cannot be served at the same time at any bar In MN…. o Illegal to sleep naked o Illegal to stand around any building without a good reason to be there o Citizens may not enter Wisconsin with a chicken on their head What is crime? o Violate norms written into law Property crime (more likely) Burglary Theft Violent crime Sexual assault Robbery Murder How much crime is there? Average person 433 times more likely to experience a theft than to be murdered Media influences perceptions. Dependent upon measurement o How data is being presented to us o Measure crime through official data UCR (Uniform Crime Report) Data that they receive is voluntarily submitted by Police Departments to the FBI. The FBI then compiles the data into the data of the UCR. Measures 2 types of data o Part 1 crimes (Index crimes) Property crimes and violent crimes o Part 2 crimes All other crimes (victimless crimes) Victimization data/surveys NCVS o Nation Crime Victimization Survey Shows how much victimization that actually happens through anonymous surveys. The dark figures of crime Heavily unreported crimes Self report surveys Target juveniles Juveniles are anonymously surveyed Since juveniles are handled informally but the criminal justice system this gives the idea of how much crime juveniles actually commit. Crime rates in the U.S. are the lowest they have ever been since 1994 where the crime rates were the highest o 1990’s high crime rates due to.. Presence and introduction of crack cocaine (war on drugs) Ease of access to firearms Gang affiliation and defending their turf Especially in L.A. 10/6/16 Fault lines – Dying Inside: Elderly in Prison o Over 250 elderly and disabled inmates in geriatric unit in a prison Plutarco Hill oldest person is 86 years old and 66 were in prison and he tried to escape 10 times o 75% raise in elderly inmates o $70,000 to lock up an elderly prisoner because of all the health problems o Oklahoma has very little funding for prisons Governor has to sign off on parole for inmates and they are not likely to because they want to be seen as “tough on crime” o Sherman Parker is 100 years old and is the oldest prisoner in the U.S. o 3 out of every 100 elderly inmates are reconvicted after they were released o New York was the first state to build a prison for the mentality disabled Most inmates have dementia If an inmate can’t remember the crime that they committed should they still be locked up for it? Houses 30 beds and is always full $100,000 per inmate Where is the money coming from? o Thousands of prisoners die behind bars each year Hospice care units in some prisons Fault lines – Politics of Death Row o Oklahoma State Penitentiary Been around for 100 years Death Row Inmates More than 170 people have been killed “Peckerwood Hill” the cemetery for prisoners that have no family to bury them Firing squad, electric chair, hanging, beheading, and lethal injection have been used as death penalties o 74% of white Evangelists Christians support the death penalty o Sometimes a non-guilty person gets arrested and sentenced to death on accident o 34% of those executed are African American even though they only make up of 14% of the population o 130 people have been let go off of death row when they are found innocent o 1,200 people have been killed by the death penalty and some were innocent o From 80% to 65% support of the death penalty o People who die of execution die of a homicide on their death report
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