Intelligence Cont... PSYC 2010 - 001
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Myrissa Webb on Thursday October 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 2010 - 001 at Auburn University taught by Jennifer Daniels in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views.
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Date Created: 10/06/16
Stability By age 4, intelligence tests predict scores as adolescents and adults Scores at 11, predict living independently at 77, less likely to have Alzheimer's More intelligent children and adults live longer Extremes of Intelligence Low Extreme Intellectual Disability IQ score - 70 or below Poor Adaptive Behaviors Conceptual Skills Social Skills Practical Skills High Extreme IQ = 130 and above Healthy, well-adjusted, academically successful Some critics dot want to have "gifted" programs because of self- fulfilling prophecy of others Need to have proper developmental placement Genetics Do genetics influence intelligence? Heritability - 50-80% Twin Studies Identical twins brains are virtually the same in areas associated with verbal and spatial intelligence Intelligence is polygenetic Genetic influence, not environment, become more apparent as we gain life experiences Environment Impoverished environments Malnutrition Sensory deprivation Social isolation Early Neglect Can depress cognitive development Increased schooling correlates with higher IQ scores Developing through the lifespan Parental Development Conception 1 Egg and 1 Sperm join to form 1 cell Women are born with the amount of eggs the will have for life Zygote - a fertilized egg with 100 cells that become increasingly diverse. At about 14 days the zygote turns into an embryo At 9 weeks, an embryo turns into a fetus. Teratogens are chemicals or viruses that can enter the placenta and harm the developing fetus. (i.e. alcohol, some medicines) While in the womb the baby can suck his thumb, make noises, hear voices, smell, dream At birth, most brain cells are present. After birth, the neural networks multiply resulting in increased physical and mental abilities Newborns are born with different reflexes (grasp, parachute, sucking, swallowing) and different types of cries (anger, hunger, normal) The development of the brain unfolds based o genetic instructions, causing various bodily and mental functions to occur in sequence - maturation Physical Development Sitting: 6 months Crawling: 8-9 months Beginning to walk: 12 months Walking Independently : 15 months Cognitive Development Cognitive development is influence by our biological make-up and our environment, as well as the errors we make Schemas - "mental molds" that help make sense of our experiences Assimilation involves incorporating new experiences into our current understanding (schema). Accommodation is the process of adjusting a schema and modifying it Piaget's stages of development Sensorimotor Sage. In this, babies take in the world by looking, hearing, touching, mouthing, and grasping. Children younger than 6 months of age do not grasp object permanence. (8 months this changes) Sensorimotor criticism Piaget believed children in the sensorimotor stage could not think, they do not have any abstract concepts or ideas Recent research shows that children in this stage can think and count
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