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Intelligence Cont...

by: Myrissa Webb

Intelligence Cont... PSYC 2010 - 001

Myrissa Webb
GPA 4.0

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About this Document

Lecture on 10/3/16
Introduction into Psychology
Jennifer Daniels
Class Notes
Intro to Psychology
25 ?




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Myrissa Webb on Thursday October 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 2010 - 001 at Auburn University taught by Jennifer Daniels in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views.


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Date Created: 10/06/16
Stability  By age 4, intelligence tests predict scores as adolescents and adults  Scores at 11, predict living independently at 77, less likely to have Alzheimer's  More intelligent children and adults live longer Extremes of Intelligence  Low Extreme  Intellectual Disability  IQ score - 70 or below  Poor Adaptive Behaviors  Conceptual Skills  Social Skills  Practical Skills  High Extreme  IQ = 130 and above  Healthy, well-adjusted, academically successful  Some critics dot want to have "gifted" programs because of self- fulfilling prophecy of others  Need to have proper developmental placement Genetics  Do genetics influence intelligence?  Heritability - 50-80%  Twin Studies  Identical twins brains are virtually the same in areas associated with verbal and spatial intelligence  Intelligence is polygenetic  Genetic influence, not environment, become more apparent as we gain life experiences Environment  Impoverished environments  Malnutrition  Sensory deprivation  Social isolation  Early Neglect  Can depress cognitive development  Increased schooling correlates with higher IQ scores Developing through the lifespan Parental Development  Conception  1 Egg and 1 Sperm join to form 1 cell  Women are born with the amount of eggs the will have for life  Zygote - a fertilized egg with 100 cells that become increasingly diverse. At about 14 days the zygote turns into an embryo  At 9 weeks, an embryo turns into a fetus.  Teratogens are chemicals or viruses that can enter the placenta and harm the developing fetus. (i.e. alcohol, some medicines)  While in the womb the baby can suck his thumb, make noises, hear voices, smell, dream  At birth, most brain cells are present. After birth, the neural networks multiply resulting in increased physical and mental abilities  Newborns are born with different reflexes (grasp, parachute, sucking, swallowing) and different types of cries (anger, hunger, normal) The development of the brain unfolds based o genetic instructions, causing  various bodily and mental functions to occur in sequence - maturation Physical Development  Sitting: 6 months  Crawling: 8-9 months  Beginning to walk: 12 months  Walking Independently : 15 months Cognitive Development  Cognitive development is influence by our biological make-up and our environment, as well as the errors we make  Schemas - "mental molds" that help make sense of our experiences  Assimilation involves incorporating new experiences into our current understanding (schema).  Accommodation is the process of adjusting a schema and modifying it Piaget's stages of development  Sensorimotor Sage. In this, babies take in the world by looking, hearing, touching, mouthing, and grasping.  Children younger than 6 months of age do not grasp object permanence. (8 months this changes)  Sensorimotor criticism  Piaget believed children in the sensorimotor stage could not think, they do not have any abstract concepts or ideas  Recent research shows that children in this stage can think and count


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