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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Myrissa Webb on Thursday October 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 1010 at Auburn University taught by Dr. Bohannan in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views.
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Date Created: 10/06/16
Medieval Society Feudalism, a way of fighting but also the institution that shaped everyone. It had huge political and social implications. A series of invasions, especially the Viking invasion, caused Feudalism to start. Magyars are the progenitors of modern day Hungary. They come from the east. The Vikings have a huge impact of Europe. They attacked so much for so long that it was noticeable. They came on these Viking ships. They would sail down the river, stop at a city, raid, pilgrimage, rape, and quickly get back on their ship and back to the water. The Franks wanted to be prepared for these. Rapid response and rapid defense. They used the horse. Charles Martel was a Frankish leader (not king but in a position to be king). He had fought an important battle in Tours and historians say at this battle history turned. When they used the horse it introduced the stirrup. This was important because it allowed you to put the full momentum off the horse in the blow. In the battle he defeats the Muslims and it foreshadows battles to come. They now want men and horses ready for the Viking invasions. Infeudation (one man sign on to be the property of another man) This guy (lord) would take bits and pieces of land (fiefs) and give them ot men and create his own army. He doesn’t have to take care of the land anymore and he uses this time to practice on a horse. The men promised him that they would come to his defense 24/7 and 30-40 days a year they had to supply some offensive service. This creates a privileged elite. These guys are not working in the field. They have their own peasants. This is basically how you start an aristocracy. The political implications are huge too. You owned peasants. You defended them and even had judicial powers. Now the government was in the hands of private men via infeudation. Bayeux Tapestry (Normandy) is William the conqueror fighting the Anglo-Saxons in the battle of Hastings. Battle of Crecy was the French vs. England. England wins because they brought in the long bow. Manorialism. They lived on a farm named the manor. They farmed according to the three-field system. Every year they got to get there and decided what they want to plant. It is not a very efficient way of farming. The peasants living in the cottages are Serfs. They cannot leave, but its better than slavery. Families are not broken up. There was so much violence so there were no towns. 10th and 11th century towns start to come back because success in farming They create enough of a surplus that they can start trading. One guy went on a long journey to trade and it started back up. They find a secure area (burg) a defensive wall around it. This becomes the nucleus of the town. It was called suburb/fauburg. Life was organized by the guild system. If you wanted to be a weaver, you have to choose a weaver guild and everyone who lived in towns were legally free.
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