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PSYC 2740 week 4

by: Mary Kay

PSYC 2740 week 4 2740

Mary Kay
GPA 4.0

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PSYC 2740 Social Psychology week 4 notes
Social Psychology
Garrido, Edward
Class Notes
25 ?




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Mary Kay on Thursday October 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 2740 at University of Denver taught by Garrido, Edward in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 12 views. For similar materials see Social Psychology in Psychology (PSYC) at University of Denver.

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Date Created: 10/06/16
Flawed or clever thinking? • Standard view ◦ People think in order to find the truth Thinking suffers from mistakes and shortcomings (e.g. laziness and motivated biases) • Alternate view ◦ People think to argue with others and convince them of their side, rather than figure out  the truth alone.  Shortcuts and heuristics actually work well.  (So­Called) Errors and Biases • Two types of information ◦ Statistical information and case history • Confirmation bias: Tendency to search for information that confirms one’s beliefs ◦ Ignore information that disconfirms it.  • Illusory correlation: tendency to overestimate link between variables that are related only  slightly or not at all.  • Base rate fallacy: ignore or underuse base rate information ◦ Be influenced by distinctive features of the case being judges • Gambler’s fallacy and the hot hand ◦ Hot hand: luck will continue ◦ Gambler’s fallacy: chance event is affected by previous events and will “even out" • False consensus effect ◦ Overestimate the number of people who share one’s opinions, attitudes, values, and  beliefs • False uniqueness effect ◦ Underestimate the number of people who share one’s prized characteristics or abilities.  • Perseverance of theories ◦ Theory perseverance: once a conclusion is drawn, it is only changed by overwhelming  evidence.  • Statistical regression ◦ Tendency for extreme scores or be savior to be followed by others closer to average.  • Illusion of control ◦ A false belief that one can influence events • Counterfactual thinking ◦ Imagining alternatives to past or present events or circumstances First instinct fallacy Upward and fawn ward counterfactuals.  Are most people really just kind of stupid? • People make many cognitive errors ◦ Not random; quite predictable • More important decisions ◦ Deliberate system is used and less errors occur • Reducing cognitive errors ◦ Debasing: deliberate recessing ◦ Meta­congnitin: reflection Emotion Introduction • Charles Booher: dealing with spam ◦ Reacted to barrage of spam by threatening to kill company employees sending it • Brad Turotte reacted to getting spam in a much different way ◦ Used the emails to write songs and was able to make money.  What is emotion? • Key concepts ◦ EmotionL conscious evaluative reaction to some event ◦ Mood: feeling state that is not clearly linked to some event ◦ Affect automatic response that something is good or bad ◦ Conscious emotion: powerful and clearly unified feeling state (E.g. anger or joy) Some important Emotions • Happiness ◦ Measured by affect balance: frequency of positive minus frequency of negative emotions ◦ Life satisfaction: evaluation one’s life compared to some standard ◦ Objective versus subjective roots of happiness.  • Increasing happiness ◦ Exercise and good health might impact longevity • Happy all the time ◦ Happy people: more likely to get married and have children ◦ Extremely happy people: actually less healthy, more rigid, and prone to overlook danger.  • Anger: emotional response to a real or imagined threat or provocation ◦ Approach and avoidance tendencies Anger signals approach: confronting a problem ◦ Seems maladaptive, but may be an important social sense.  • Dealing with anger ◦ Repression, venting, trying to get rid of anger (e.g.mental tactics, distraction, behaviors. )


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