History 111 week six notes
History 111 week six notes HIST 111 - W01C
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by zoe stone on Thursday October 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 111 - W01C at Clarion University of Pennsylvania taught by Robert Frakes in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views.
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Date Created: 10/06/16
Early Greece 1. Intro - Periodization of Ancient Greek history -Bronze Age 2000- 1100 BCE -Hellenic Age 323-31 BCE - Hellenic Age: -Dark Age 1100-800 BCE - Archaic Age 800-550 BCE - Classical Age 550-323 BCE (Peek of Greece civilization) - “Greeks” - Roman misnomer and English term for people that call themselves “Hellenes” 2. Geography - Define Greece (a geographical region not a single country in antiquity) “Hellas” - 3 Core Areas -Northern Greece (North of the Gulf of Corinth) - Peloponnesus - Aegean Islands - Topography - Mountains - Small valleys - Dry no large rivers - No large plains - Open to sea - Effects? - Mountains will hinder transportation, trade and unification - People might look for trade - Dry so very small agriculture surplus - Supplement with fishing and sea baring trade Dark Age 1100-800 BCE - Fall of Mycenaean civilization/ Greek Bronze Age -lower class revolution 1150-1100 - Archaeological evidence for Dark Age -small agricultural villages of about 25 houses -a few houses are bigger (probably relating slightly to wealthier families) -no evidence of foreign trade -no evidence of literary (writing) -continuity of pottery styles -outdoor shrines to gods - Other primary sources written immediately after the end of the Dark Age and reflecting some aspects: -Homer 800 BCE -Iliad= Epic about Trojan War - Odyssey= return of Odysseus from the Trojan War as a source for life in the Greek Dark Age (Clues from oral tradition) - Penelope and the “Suitors” (the other 108 “kings” on the islands of Ithaca), Eumaies swine herd - Hesiod (750 BCE) shortly after homer -theology= “birth of gods”, Greek creation story, men, Pandora and Epimetheus, view of Greek religion & women (misogyny) -works and days= farmers handbook, depiction of life in a small farming village - End of the Dark Age -foreign in trade resumes with Phoenicians c. 800 BCE -population increases -Greek alphabet is created The Polis - Define: -an independent Greek city state -starts to evolve out of villages c.800 BCE -ultimately about 250 polises exist in Classical Age - Dark Age Politics -clues from archaeology, Hesiod, and Homer -no real government, rather a collection - An agora also at center of every Polis -“market place” -economic causation - Evolution of political forms: (politics having to do with polis) -Monarchy= rule by a single hereditary king -Aristocracy= rule by a hereditary nobility -Tyranny= rule by a popular dictator -Democracy= rule by the demos (Adult male citizens) Colonization - Process (inscriptions as source) -Polis sends out call for potential colonist -Men from many polises gather together -Metropolis selects an oracle - Oikist leads colonists in war against natives - If variations, they divide land and write a law code - Contracts between colonies and mother cities (Metropolicies)