Social Psychology week 7 exam review
Social Psychology week 7 exam review PSY 3310
Popular in Social Psychology
Popular in Psychology (PSYC)
This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Annah Shrader on Thursday October 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 3310 at University of Tennessee - Chattanooga taught by David Frank Ross (P) in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 17 views. For similar materials see Social Psychology in Psychology (PSYC) at University of Tennessee - Chattanooga.
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Date Created: 10/06/16
Social Psychology Lecture Exam Review Exam specifics 100 multiple choice questions 4 choices each. 50 questions come from the lecture and 50 comes from the book. 7:00-7:15pm is the madness period where you can use anything to help you on the test except your neighbor. You can use a 3"x5" notecard during the entire test. Look for the definitions and concepts that cover entire pages. Look at the multiple choice questions at the end of the chapters to answer some on the exam. Review Q: What is the fundamental attribution error? A: It is a part of social cognition. Q: Three broad areas of social psychology: A: Social cognition social influence and social emotion Q: Example of social influence: A: Group think. Conformity. Challenger blew up because the engineers made the decision to launch after talking themselves through an error being harmless. Q: what is bystander apathy? A: not helping out a person in need because they think someone else will do it. They don't want to stand out of the norm. No one helped the guy in New York would was stabbed after helping a woman in need. Example of social influence. Q: who is Harry Harlow? A: he did the monkey experiment where the monkeys each had surrogate mothers and they preferred the one that was made out of cloth instead of the wire one that had food. The infant monkeys preferred comfort rather than food. Q: who was Rene Spitz? A: 1940s Children in an orphanage in England who had all their physical needs met but they did not have the opportunity to form a bond with one particular person. Many of the children died. The infants needed to form an attachment with one person. Q: why is the attachment style important? A: attachment styles in infancy is so important during the critical period because it directly relates to the romantic attachment styles adults have. Q: Do we like opposition or similarity? A: we like familiarity and similarity because it is comforting even when it is maladaptive. Q: name the experiment that proves we like familiarity. A: the experiment comes in and is ether nice or mean to the student. Then the supervisor comes in and is either mean or nice to the experimenter. Then the supervisor asks the student to help him with something. Your enemy's friend is your enemy. Your friend’s enemy is your enemy experiment. Q: what is basic emotion? A: innate emotions like happiness anger or sadness Q: what are social emotions? A: these are developed later in life once we have developed a sense of self. Embarrassment, shame or pride. Q: how do we measure basic emotions? A: Infant theatre. They bring down stimulus to provoke a reaction. They videotape the faces of the infants who are watching the stimulus. They then measure microexpressions in the faces. The same pattern fits across cultures. Q: how do we measure social emotions? A: the rouge on the kid's nose. They are put in front of a mirror and researchers see whether they try and wipe it off of their face or leave it. Q: do basic emotions require cognition? A: no. They are innate. Q: do social emotions require cognition? A: yes. You have to have a sense of self and a sense of environmental expectations. Q: can adults experience an emotion without cognition? A: yes, according to the evolutionary view. Q: what did Darwin argue? A: you can have emotions as adults without cognition because emotional sections in the brain developed before cognition. Q: what was the Chinese symbol experiment? A: people had a preference for the first 50 symbols they saw even though they did not remember them the next week when compared to newer different symbols. Q: which theory explains social emotions? A: the two factor theory says that you have to have physiological arousal and cognition/labeling. The kid watches the mother to see if they have to freak out like their mom or calm down because their mom says they're fine. The visual cliff is another example with the same premise. Q: give a study that supports the two factor theory of emotion A: Another example is the deceitful injections of epinephrine to see how people reacted when they were aroused if they were informed about side effects or not informed. Those not informed looked towards their environments to answer their physiological arousal. Q: who are the people participating in the research? A: confederates Q: what is cognitive dissonance? A: we are uncomfortable when people disagree with us. We feel out of balance in our cognitive systems. Q: is physical attraction important? Why? A: it is very important. We tend to be with those who are about the same amount of attractiveness as ourselves. It allows for balance. Q: what is self-monitoring? A: it is about being socially conscious of others and of self. They are concerned about fitting in. Q: attractive people different than those who are? A: yes. The halo effect is that more beautiful people are more intelligent, and more successful than less attractive people. This has evidence because attractive people are treated better on average than others throughout their lives. Q: what experiment proves the halo effect? A: a teacher is told than specific kids in their classroom are expected to bloom above the others. Even though all the kids had roughly the same IQ, the selected ones had a better IQ at the end of the school year because the teacher treated them better. It was a self-fulfilling prophecy. Q: what are the two broad categories of love? A: passionate (beginning of the relationship and it is romance and the excitement) and companionate love (comes with time. It is the bond of shared experiences). Q: what were the three categories of attachment kids could have with their moms? A: secure attachment. Insecure (avoidant and overly attached). Secure is the most common percentage. Q: what is the study about attachments? A: there was a cross-sectional study on the attachment of infants and the same infant’s attachment in adulthood. They found that 60% of infants are securely attached, as well as the adults. The percentages lined up. Securely attached had a more positive view of love than the insecurely attached. That's called the mental script of love. Their memories of childhood attachment was different from each other. This was followed up by a longitudinal study that proved the same thing.