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PSY 330 Week 4 Notes

by: Lauren Toomey

PSY 330 Week 4 Notes PSY 330

Lauren Toomey

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About this Document

These notes cover lectures on 9/13 and 9/15.
Clinical Counseling Psychology
Lee Rosén
Class Notes
psy, 330, clinical, Counseling, Psychology
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lauren Toomey on Thursday October 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 330 at Colorado State University taught by Lee Rosén in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 2 views. For similar materials see Clinical Counseling Psychology in Psychology at Colorado State University.

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Date Created: 10/06/16
PSY 330 Lecture 7 Ch. 4-- Research Methods in Clinical Psych Tuesday, September 13, 2016 11:02 AM • Ways of Generating Research Hypotheses o Everyday experience and Observation • Direct applied application to the real world o Professional experience and observation o Addressing applied problems & needs o Previous research o Theory o Why do we need research? • Science and theories are constantly changing and developing • Andrew Wakefield-- wrote fraudulent paper in the 90s linking MMR vaccines to autism § Made us question the validity of research § Consequences of false data being released • It is critically important that as members of society, we have an understanding of research § That way we can prevent the consequences of beliefs from false data (i.e., like not vaccinating children) • Relationships Between Variables o Correlation-- the variables are associated in the same way o Moderation-- one variable influences the direction or size of another • A moderator is a variable that slightly influences the direction of another variable § i.e. the glass ceiling influences women's ability to be successful in the workplace o Mediation-- one variable explains the relationship between two others • Ex. There is a strong correlation between maternal depression and children's behavior problems § Mom is depressed is not able to parent properly, so children are behavioral, which means the causal factor (the mediator) is not the depression, it's the mom's child -rearing strategies • Her child-rearing strategies go down when depressed, meaning the other variable increases (bad behavior) o In research, the best studies are true randomized experiments that are not correlational • In reality, most studies end up being correlational • Ethics in Research (some principles) o Institutional approval o Informative consent • Wrong: Using authority to persuade people to participate o Inducements for participation o Deception in research o Debriefing o Human care for animals o Reporting results • Important Concepts to Clinical Research o Internal validity-- controlling for biases o External validity-- how representative and applicable the study is; generalizable o Statistical conclusion validity -- whether the study was designed in a way to adequately test hypotheses through st atistical methods o Statistical versus clinical significance • Effect size • Clinical research designs o Case study: detailed description of a case, which can allow for a great deal of hypothesis generating • Down side: many threats to internal validity, making it difficult to generalize o Single case designs A-B (two measures of symptoms pre and post treatment) • A-B: designs with a number of clients • A-B-A: designs with one person at different time points PSY 330 Lecture 8- Ch. 5: Assessment Overview Thursday, September 15, 2016 11:04 AM • For test: o Know internal vs external validity • Wakefield study o Evidence-based practice: • Efficacy= can work in the lab • Effectiveness= works in the real world • Evidence based practice/approach to mental health me ans having good up-to- date research o False data creation is motivated by money • Psychological assessment o An iterative process • Meaning step by step o Systematic • Step-wise and tries to cover everything possible about the person within the sessions o Information about the person's physical, social, and cultural environments o Guided by the assessment goals, the Psychologist formulates the questions to be addressed during the assessment o Generating and refining hypotheses • Hypotheses that indicate why the client is feeling the way they are; what has brought them to counseling • Ex. Client is seeking attention. Why? Are they depressed? o Importance of being informed about human diversity • Age • Gender • Sexual orientation • Culture • Religious beliefs • Etc. • Competencies in Psychological Assessment o Knowledge of: • Psychometric theory • The scientific, theoretical, empirical, and contextual bases of assessment o Knowledge, skills, and techniques to assess: • cognitive, affective, behavioral, and personality o Ability to: • Assess intervention outcomes • Evaluate multiple roles that clients and psychologists function o Understanding the relation between assessment and intervention and intervention planning o Technical assessment skills, including problem/goal identification and case conceptualization • First assessment, THEN test administration of the right kind of test • Assessment focused vs intervention focused o Assessment-focused services: information provided that addresses a person's current or anticipated psychosocial deficits • E.g., child custody evaluations o Intervention-focused services: the first step in gathering information about appropriate treatment • E.g., intake evaluation at a clinic • Additional Assessment Types o Screening: a tool often developed to identify a disorder, condition or characteristic, depending on the site • E.g., a measure that identifies mental health problems in adolescents o Diagnosis/Case Formulation : The development of an understanding of the basis/etiology of the problem that informs treatment • E.g., early stages of therapy


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