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PSY 330 Week 5 Notes

by: Lauren Toomey

PSY 330 Week 5 Notes PSY 330

Lauren Toomey

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These notes cover lecture on Tuesday, Sept. 20th. We had an preview exam on the 22nd.
Clinical Counseling Psychology
Lee Rosén
Class Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lauren Toomey on Thursday October 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 330 at Colorado State University taught by Lee Rosén in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see Clinical Counseling Psychology in Psychology at Colorado State University.

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Date Created: 10/06/16
PSY 330 Lecture 9- Ch. 5: Assessment Overview Tuesday, September 20, 2016 11:17 AM • Assessment focused vs. Intervention focused o Assessment focused services: • Information provided that addresses a person's current or anticipated psychosocial deficits § Eg., child custody evaluations • Intervention-focused services: § The first step** • Additional Assessment Types o Screening: a tool often developed to identify a disorder, condition or characteristic, depending on the site • E.g., a measure that identifi es mental health problems in adolescents o Diagnosis/Case Formulation: the development of an understanding of the basis/etiology (cause) of the problem that informs treatment • E.g, early stages of therapy o Prognosis/Prediction: an assessment used to see wheth er a problem will worsen without treatment • E.g., whether one needs therapy for a given problem • Prediction errors: unfortunately common in clinical psychology • Base rate: frequency of a problem in the general population o Prognosis/Prediction continued-- how well our assessment works: • Sensitivity: the number of times an event is predicted compared to the actual number of events § Seeing it when it's there • Specificity: the number of times a non-even is predicted compare to the actual number of non-events § Not seeing it when it's not there (i.e., not making something up) • *sensitivity diagram* • Psychological Testing o Psychological testing= a sample of a person's behavior scored in a standardized process • Not the same as psychological assessment (which is often more multi-faceted and may not use tests per se) • Using scientifically -grounded testing in assessment helps us to figure out what's going on way easier (as opposed to interviewing/verbal questions) § Tests happen the same way for everyone who takes the test § No variance among counselors • Important Concepts in Psych Testing o Standardization: consistency across clinicians in the procedure used to administer and score a test o Reliability: a measure of the consistency of the test • Internal consistency: whether all aspects of the test contribute meaningfully • Test-retest reliability: whether similar results would be obtained at 2 time points • Inter=rater reliability: whether similar results would be found by several raters o Validity: whether a test measures what it is supposed to measure • Content validity: whether the test measures all aspects of the construct • Concurrent and predictive validity : whether the test data are consistent with other related constructs • Discriminant validity : whether the test is not measuring unrelated constructs • Incremental validity: whether the measure adds to other sources of data o Norms: using a large sample to determine cutoff scores on a test (what you compare it to) • Representative sample: importance of using a sample that matches the population • Percentile rank: percentage of those in the normative group that fell below a given test score o Evidence-based assessment: using theory and research to guide the process of assessment o Online testing: not the same as a psychological assessment • Research using standard tools: appears to be similar to traditional in person assessment o Growing research work on … (cont. Thursday)


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