Psychology 111, Week 1 Notes
Psychology 111, Week 1 Notes Psychology 111
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sara Auger on Thursday October 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psychology 111 at Emory University taught by Dr. Delawalla in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see Intro to Psychology II in Psychology (PSYC) at Emory University.
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Date Created: 10/06/16
Introduction to Psychology II Wednesday, August 24, 2016 12:03 PM Professor Zainab Delawalla (The history and development of psych) Psychology: Study of the mind The Birth of Modern Psych -Aristotle (4th cent BC) had ideas about how mind works o His approach was ask questions and guess o He thought the personality came from the heart (not brain) This is why we say "good heart" "cold heart" etc. -Wilhelm Wundt (1832-1920) identified psych as a science. (studied "atoms of the mind.) o Measures observations o Experiments First psych experience in 1879 --> measured time in between ball hitting ground and people becoming aware of it. -Schools of thought w/I psych Structuralism (Titchener) --> understandung the mind structure Data from introspection (reporting in sensations and other experiences) Ex: smelling a flower, eating a cookie Flawed; people's experiences can be very different. Can't generalize to everyone. Unreliable. Couldn't build blueprint due to flawed methods. Functionalism (James) --> what does the mind do? How is it functional? How to they fit us and help us survive? Is that why we do what do? Tied to evolutionary psych "How did the human style of thinking and behavior allow our ancestors to live long enough to reproduce? (Ex: fear of dark --> is there a reason why? Rather than what makes us do that) James took on a woman as a grad student at Harvard. Mary Whiton Calkins --> First women to study with James and do work for a PhD, but was denied it. First female president of APA. Margaret Floy Washburn --> first female to earn psych PhD. Second female pres of APA Wrote something about animal mind? Behaviorism --> Study of behavior; observable. Watson --> conditioned responses. Skinner --> How environmental consequences shape behavior. (Built on Watson) Neither really values introspection: thoughts and feelings Some behaviors come from internal mechanisms, not external environment. Freudian/Psychoanalytic --> Behavior can't be understood by just environment. Dive into unconscious mind. (Behavior and pathology is shaped by unconscious drives and childhood experiences) A physician; got observations and info from sick etc. patients Most of his theories didn't pan out. Humanism --> to understand behavior, focus on how people can reach fullest potential. Maslow --> Studied people thriving. Rejected behaviorism. Rogers --> Focused on enviro. And how they can influence growth. Once you fix enviro, you can fix person's potential. Wanted to help people reach peak. Cognitive Neuroscience (now) --> how humans perceive info, stimuli, process and remember information, emotions, and what that says about our mental processes. o Shifting definitions of psych Emphasis on differennt ideas Wundt "Science of mental life" Watson and Skinner "scientific study of observable behavior" Cognitive --> studied mental processes using science Now --> "science of behavior and mental processes" (what they do, why they do it, and how they feel.) o Class: Bio-Pyscho-Social approach to behavior: take those influences into account. Ex: depression. Behavior: they do some things, not others. They feel some things, think some things. Bio: structural or chemical imbalance Psych: pessimistic? How they think and feel. Social: combat vet? Poor? Survivor of tragedy?