Learning Notes Week 5
Learning Notes Week 5 PSYC 100 - 001
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PSYC 100 - 001
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Bailee Hyde on Thursday October 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 100 - 001 at University of Wisconsin - Eau Claire taught by Douglas B Matthews in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 24 views. For similar materials see Intro to Psych in Psychology (PSYC) at University of Wisconsin - Eau Claire.
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Date Created: 10/06/16
Learning: Modules 21-23 Basic Learning Concepts & Classical Conditioning ▯ Learning: The process of acquiring new and relatively enduring information or behaviors. Able to adapt to our environments Repeat acts that bring rewards Avoid acts that bring unwanted results ▯ Association: Our minds naturally connect events that occur in sequence. Discovered by John Locke & David Hume Events may be two stimuli (classical conditioning) Response & its consequences (operant conditioning) ▯ Stimulus: An event or situation that evokes a response. ▯ Respondent Behavior: Behavior that occurs as an automatic response to some stimulus. ▯ Operant Behavior: Behavior that operates on the environment, producing consequences. ▯ Classical Conditioning: We learn to associate two stimuli and thus to anticipate events. Associated with Ivan Pavlov Dogs and salivation experiment ▯ Operant Conditioning: We learn to associate a response (our behavior) and its consequence. ▯ Example: ▯ Two Related Events: ▯ Stimulus #1: Lightning + Stimulus#2: Thunder = Response: Startled Reaction Wincing ▯ Result After Repetition: ▯ Stimulus: Lightning = Response: Anticipation of booming thunder; wincing ▯ Cognitive Learning: Acquire mental information that guides our behavior. Learn behaviors by watching others perform them “Look and Learn” ▯ Behaviorism: The view that psychology should be an objective science that studies behavior without reference to mental processes. ▯ Neutral Stimulus: In classical conditioning, a stimulus that elicits no response before conditioning. ▯ Unconditional Response (UR): In classical conditioning, an unlearned, naturally occurring response to an unconditioned stimulus (US). ▯ Unconditional Stimulus (US): In classical conditioning, a stimulus that unconditionally-naturally & automatically-triggers an unconditioned response (UR). ▯ Acquisition: The process by which the NS and UCS are paired so that the UCR occurs when both the NS and UCS are present. During this time the NS slowly comes to elicit the same responses as the UCS ▯ Conditioned Stimulus: When the previous NS now comes to elicit the same response as the UCS. Now producing the targeted response ▯ Conditioned Response: The response elicited by the CS. ▯ ▯
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