PY 101, Week 8
PY 101, Week 8 PY 101
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ashley Bartolomeo on Thursday October 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PY 101 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by TBA in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see Intro to Psychology in Psychology (PSYC) at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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Date Created: 10/06/16
Intelligence The ability to use knowledge to: o Reason o Make decisions o Solve problems o Understand complex ideas o Learn o Adapt to environmental challenges Nature v. Nurture Entity: intelligence is an innate ability, present at birth Incremental view: intelligence is judgement and adapting to one’s circumstances The Eugenics Movement Those of lesser intellectual capacity should not reproduce Facilities across the country took people of lower intellectual capacity and sterilized them so they could not reproduce Still happens today, 200 women in California prison forcibly sterilized Theories of Intelligence 1. General intelligence (g) a. One general factor underlies intelligence 2. Fluid versus crystallized intelligence a. Fluid: ability to solve new problems, use logic and identify patterns b. Crystallized: ability to use learned knowledge and experience 3. Emotional intelligence a. Form of social intelligence i. Manage emotions ii. Use emotions to guide thoughts and actions iii. Recognize other’s emotions iv. Understand emotional language 4. Sternberg’s Triarchic Theory a. Analytical i. Abstract thinking and logical reasoning ii. Verbal and mathematical skills b. Creative i. Divergent thinking (generating new ideas) ii. Ability to deal with novel situations c. Practical i. Ability to apply knowledge to the real world ii. Ability to shape one’s environment 5. Gardner’s theory of multiple intelligence a. Linguistic (word smart) b. Logical-mathematical (number/reasoning smart) c. Spatial (picture smart) d. Bodily-kinesthetic (body smart) e. Musical (music smart) f. Interpersonal (people smart) g. Intrapersonal (self-smart) h. Naturalist (nature smart) Savants- people who experience extraordinary skill in one area but poor in others. Gardner’s theory supports this Assessing Intelligence David Wechsler o Wechsler Adult Intelligence o Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children o Looks at: Verbal comprehension Working memory Processing speed Intelligence Quotient (IQ) Mental age: as assessment of a child’s intellectual standing compared with that of same age of peers; determined by comparing the child’s test score with the average score for children of each chronological age IQ= mental age/ chronological age x100 Flynn Effect The observation that the average IQ score increases approximately 3 points every 10 years Argument for nurture
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