Introduction to Public Health 205 Week 6 Notes (October 3, 2016)
Introduction to Public Health 205 Week 6 Notes (October 3, 2016) PBH205
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lindsey Notetaker on Thursday October 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PBH205 at University of Nevada - Las Vegas taught by Dr. Jin in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Public Health in Public Health at University of Nevada - Las Vegas.
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Date Created: 10/06/16
Introduction to Public Health 205 Week 6 Notes (October 3, 2016) Chapter 13: Do People Choose Their Own Health Chapter 14: How Psychosocial Factors Affect Health Behavior Key to my notes: all notes that are taken from the lecture will be the first section, notes I take from the textbook will be the second section, and the vocabulary words from the chapter with definitions will be the last sections! (: Lecture Notes Actual causes of death are by choice Prohibition caused the price to go up on the underground market, so even though it helped decrease overall, the price was not okay and it caused too many crimes o This is what they are looking into for the use of recreational use of marijuana For public health professions, they attempt to educate the public about the benefits of a healthy activity and/or teach the harms of a bad behavior They also place regulations to help minimize damage Higher income people have a higher chance of being healthier Health belief model has four constructs o Perceived susceptibility o Perceived severity o Perceived benefits o Perceived barriers o Cues to action o Self efficacy Ecological model o Intrapersonal factors o Interpersonal factors o Institutional factors o Community factors o Public policy Changing the environment is more beneficial than trying to change an individual Textbook Notes Chapter 13: Do People Choose Their Own Health The leading causes of death have significantly changed from the 1900 to 2008. o Top three in 1900 were pneumonia and influenza, tuberculosis, and diarrhea, enteritis, ulceration of intestines o Top three in 2008 were heart diseases, cancer, and chronic lower respiratory diseases Introduction to Public Health 205 Week 6 Notes (October 3, 2016) Public health professions found that the three actual causes of death are tobacco, poor diet and physical activity, and alcohol consumption Some study shows that being a little overweight is healthy for older people but it still causes premature deaths Public health professions attempt to educate and regulate the leading causes of deaths but they can only do so much o For education they teach and label the foods based on their nutritional value this works in children with health programs but no evidence it helps to make sure that they actually behave like that sexual education is a big debate as well because some think it is not a good idea because then it encourages it o For regulation they are the laws that must be enforced to help protect the people Seat belt laws Motorcyclist have to wear helmets No drunk driving Minimum age for alcohol and tobacco Prohibition works in a sense to lower the use of something, but it also causes the black market to have the prices increase through the roof The D.A.R.E. (Drug Abuse Resistance Education) program does little to no effect on the war on drugs It is hard to get people to change their behavior even when they are given the facts and health risks associated with their behavior Chapter 14: How Psychosocial Factors Affect Health Behavior It is more beneficial to focus on the social environment than the individual usually because sometimes the individual will blame the environment People with the lower socioeconomic status has the higher mortality rate so they are correlated based on education, gender, income, etc o Even if they have health insurance that is not a big factor Blacks tend to be more likely to have a bigger impact of health issues Stress has a big impact on the health of a person because it impacts their physical and mental state o Social support is one of the greatest ways to help with stress Introduction to Public Health 205 Week 6 Notes (October 3, 2016) The health belief model is assuming people act in rational ways when dealing with stressful situations o The extent to which the individual feels vulnerable to the threat o The perceived severity of the threat o Perceived barriers to taking action to reduce the risk o The perceived effectiveness of taking an action to prevent or minimize the problem o Sometimes self efficacy is viewed as one To help with self efficacy it is better to have the younger students of anyone be taught by someone who they can relate to The transtheortical model to help change behavior of people o Precontemplation They have no intent on changing their behavior and it is getting them to change their it o Contemplation Person becomes more aware of the benefits from change but also aware of the difficulties of change o Preparation Have an idea or plan to actually make the change o Action Having them follow through with their plan o Maintenance Accomplished goal but still need to work to keep up the behavior The ecological model of health behavior focuses on changing the social environment of people and has five levels o Intrapersonal factors Skills, attitude, and knowledge of the person o Interpersonal factors Family, friends, and coworkers o Institutional factors School and workplaces o Community factors If the community promotes healthy behavior it has positive impacts on the people but it can also be vice versa o Public policy Regulations and limitations on behavior Health promotion programs aim to target groups that do risky behaviors and change their behavior so others do not follow their path Introduction to Public Health 205 Week 6 Notes (October 3, 2016) o This has to take place every generation because each one is different and how they respond are different o Getting the whole community involved tends to increase the chance of success of a program Vocabulary Words Note: These are in order as they showed up in the chapter, not in alphabetical Sexually Transmitted Disease (STDs): infections caused by bacteria or viruses that are primarily transmitted through sexual activity. Examples of bacterial STDs are syphilis, gonorrhea, and Chlamydia. Viral STDs include HIV, genital hers, and the human papilloma virus Socioeconomic Status (SES): a concept that includes income, education, and occupational status; a strong determinant of health Stress: a psychological and emotional state of tension: “a state that occurs when persons perceive that demands exceed their ability to cope.” Social Support: emotional and practical help provided by family and friends; social support helps people cope with stress Selfefficacy: people’s sense that that they are in control of their lives. High selfefficacy is beneficial to health
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