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Lecture 11, Memory Notes

by: Jessie Notetaker

Lecture 11, Memory Notes Psych 1004

Jessie Notetaker
Virginia Tech

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About this Document

Notes on Long Term Memory
Introductory Psychology
Prof. BB DeVore
Class Notes
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jessie Notetaker on Thursday October 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psych 1004 at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University taught by Prof. BB DeVore in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see Introductory Psychology in Psychology at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University.

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Date Created: 10/06/16
Lecture   11,   Memory  Psych   1004    Long   Term   Memory    (Life   Long   except   for   Forgetting   Factor)  ­ Capacity:     the   more  e    now   the   more   we   can   learn  ­ Builds  a    scaffold   for  ore   memories  * Penfield    stimulates  b  rains   of   awake   patients   can  voke  m   emories  ­ Forgetting   Factors:  ­    1)   Encoding   or  torage   Failure  ­ Making   information   emotional   or   personal   helps   counter   this  ­ 2)   Overlearning   (rare)  ­ 3)   Retrieval    ailure  ­ Requires   a   cue   or   prompt   and   practice   of   recall                                                        ­            4)    Interference   Factors                              ld    emories   get   in   the   way   proactive   interference)                                                                                             ­   Extreme   age   groups   more   susceptible   *Retroactive   Interference    is    later    learning   inhibiting   recall   of   prior   learning  * Proactive   Interference   i  s    revious    earning   inhibiting   new   learning   * Primacy   Effect    increased   probability   of   remembering   initial   events  * Recency   Effect    increased   probability   of   remembering   most   recent   events     Left    rain  Right  B  rain  ­ Verbal  M  emory  ­ Nonverbal   Memory  ­ Object   Naming  ­ Facial,    patial,   Shapes,   Tones  ­ Logical  M  emory  Memories  ­ *Positive   Memory  ­ *Negative   Memory    Redintegrative  M   emory   The   phenomenon   when   a   small   part   of   a   memory   reminds   someone   of   a   whole   memory  *used   a   lot   in   the   courtroom  One   sees   what   they   have   learned   to   see,   changes   with   rehearsal      Lecture   12    leep   Psych   1004    *EEG   →   Electroencephalogram,   measures   brain  activity  *EMG  →   Electromyogram,  measures  action   potentials  in muscles  *EOG   →   Electrooculogram,  measures   action  potentials   in eye  muscles  * 10­20   System,   allows   communication   of brain  internationally    Sleep  Stage   W     rowsy   Wakefulness     lpha  waves  (8­12   Hz)  Stage       Light Sleep”   Stage   2  “Transition   Stage”     10    inutes  ­ Characterized   by  sleep  spindles   (spikes   in activity from  cells  firingin unison)  and   medial  thalamus  Stage   3  First  delta  activity appearance  (1­4  Hz)  Stage   4  greater  than   50%   delta  activity  REM    paradoxical   sleep   body  paralysis,   rapid  eye  movement,   can  wake   up  from  significant  events          Non   REM     leep  REM     leep  ­ Blood   Pressure,   respiration and   heart  ­ Active  blood  pressure,  respiration  and  rate slow  and  steady  heart rate  ­ Body   restoration  ­ Learning     nd   emory  ­ Move  Freely  ­ Body  paralyzed    *Bill  ement 


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