PSYCH Critical Thinking Week 7
PSYCH Critical Thinking Week 7 Psyc 130
Long Beach State
Popular in Critical Thinking
Popular in Psychology
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Camryn Hohneker on Thursday October 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psyc 130 at California State University Long Beach taught by Judy Quon in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see Critical Thinking in Psychology at California State University Long Beach.
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Date Created: 10/06/16
PSY Week 7 Arguments will be essay questions for sure Language and Thought, Fallacies will most likely be only multiple choice Fallacies (Problems of a Well-Developed Argument) Fallacies of Relevance: arguments are unsound because premises are irrelevant to conclusion Fallacies of Presumption: arguments are unsound because of unsupportable assumptions Fallacies of Ambiguity: arguments are unsound because unclear syntax leads to incorrect conclusion Just know that Formal Fallacies exist DO NOT USE LATIN TERMS Fallacies of Relevance Personal Attack: instead of providing a reason, speaker's person traits are criticized. o traits are difficult to change Personal Attack Based on Affiliation: instead of a reason, speakers group membership is criticized Practice What You Preach: instead of providing a reason, speaker's failure to follow own advice is criticized Appeal to Masses or Appeal to Patriotism: persuasion based on popular appeal or loyalty to one’s country Improper Appeal to Authority: persuasion based on incorrect expert o Authority or expertise is in another area Appeal to Force: Instead of providing a reason, persuasion is based on a threat Appeal to Pity: instead of providing a reason, persuasion is based on a sorrowful situations Appeal to Ignorance: instead of providing a reason, the conclusion is accepted because it can't be disproved Fallacies of Presumption Hasty Generalization: conclusion based on too small sample size Biased Statistics: conclusion based on unrepresentative sample o identify which demographic factors are omitted False Dichotomy: conclusion based on two choices but more exist o identify a third choice Complex Question: two questions in one but answer affirms hidden assumption o Identify the two questions False Cause: Causal relationship is identified but lacks evidence Red Herring: Current topic changed to an irrelevant one as distraction Slippery Slope: series of cause-effect relationships but lacks evidence Circular Reasoning: conclusion is restated but lacks reason Fallacies of Ambiguity Accent: emphasized text but leads to incorrect conclusion o Emphasis can be bold, large letters, repetition, etc. Composition (part-whole): erroneous belief that what is true of the part is true of the whole Division (whole-part): erroneous belief that what is true of the whole is true of the part