Psychology week 7 notes
Psychology week 7 notes PSYC 1001-002
Popular in General Psychology (Lecture)
Popular in Psychology (PSYC)
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jenna Notetaker on Thursday October 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 1001-002 at University of Colorado at Boulder taught by Jennifer Stratford in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see General Psychology (Lecture) in Psychology (PSYC) at University of Colorado at Boulder.
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Date Created: 10/06/16
Intro. To Psychology Week 7 Alzheimer’s patients death of neurons that use neurotransmitter, acetylcholine (throughout the brain and the brain shrinks) Priming helps the brain to not work as hard to retrieve information Approximately 4000 active human languages (all have basic structure of sounds and rules) Phonological rules: Indicate how phonemes can be combined to produce syllables Morphological rules: indicate how morphemes can be combined to form words A sentence—the largest unit of language— can be broken down into progressively smaller units: phrases, morphemes, and phonemes. Syntactical rules indicate how words can be combined to form phrases and sentences When listening= surface structure to deep structure When speaking= deep structure to surface structure At birth, infants can distinguish between all human phonemes They have the potential to learn any language This dissipates after 6 months of age Speech comprehension comes before speech production All infants go through the same babbling sequence Children learn words through fast mapping which is mapping a word onto an underlying concept after only one single exposure Telegraphic speech consists of mostly content words The orderly progression of language development may depend on general cognitive development or experience with a single language Aphasia difficulty in producing or comprehending language Broca’s aphasia (speaking) Wernicke’s aphasia (understanding Speech) In many parts of the world, bilingualism is the norm Learning a second language early in life increases the density of gray matter in the brain Amount of grey matter correlated to language proficiency Attempts have been made to teach nonhuman animals, especially apes, human language but apes’ vocal tracts not wellequipped, also there are limitations in size of vocabulary, types of words (concrete), and complexity, although success has come with ASL and computerized keyboards Time and colors show that spatial displays affect language and thought
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