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History behind the Iliad

by: Alexis Kreusch

History behind the Iliad CLS 1500

Marketplace > Wright State University > CLS 1500 > History behind the Iliad
Alexis Kreusch

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About this Document

Talking about who wrote the Iliad and why it is written why it is Some history and recent research
Introduction to Greek and Roman Culture
Gregory G. Pellam
Class Notes
Iliad, George, Pellam, Greek, and, Roman, Culture, homer
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alexis Kreusch on Friday October 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CLS 1500 at Wright State University taught by Gregory G. Pellam in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views.

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Date Created: 10/07/16
10­3­16 This is a continuation/recap from the last set of notes in a way Sheliemann  Dug all the way down to Troy II  Troy is believed to be the level Troy VII A o Contains important characteristics  Large, wealthy, defensive walls, destroyed violently  Existed around the Bronze Age (1600­1100 BC)  No evidence of writing  Good because throughout the Iliad no one ever is seen reading or  writing anything  Kicked out of the Ottoman Empire for selling the artifacts he dug up  Went to Mycenae next o Small town, but important o Homer says it was big and powerful   Started digging o Found large and wealthy town o Tombs with death masks   Assumes a specific one is Agomemnon’s (no uni­brow and a mustache)  The rest all had uni­brows and no mustache  Sehliemann tampered with the face he said was Agomemnon’s by  pounding away the uni­brow and adding the mustache to get  support to keep digging o People wanted to see a sophisticated face for these fighters  (well groomed) o It worked o Built on top of a large hill (Akropolis) so to be the center of the area with a town  hall and more  Usually protected by walls  Thought to be built by cyclops in earlier times because the stones were so  big people believed they would not have been able to figure it out  Shows that Mycenae was intellectual to be able to more stones to  build  Clay tablets where discovered – literature  Believed to not be Greek – all pictures o Later believed to be a picture form of the Greek language  Clay only lasts if heated  o Last remains of a city destroyed by fire 10­5­16 Three ages and Homer  Late Bronze Age (1600­1100 BC) o The Linear B Texts (clay tablets) were found at Mycenae o When Troy and Mycenae where in existence  Knew they were powerful enough to have a 10 year war  Found helmets and armor described in Homer made of bronze  They were preliterate (Homer was 1  in a long time to be literate so  assumed this)  Ruled by Pa­se­re­u (Wanax) which is the high ruler over the Basileus  who helped rule over kingdoms.  Homer lived in a time when there was no such thing as a Wanax  showing why it is not in the Iliad  Troy was destroyed along with other important cities at the end of the  Bronze Age  Tablets suggest they had no clue the end was near o They were records from the day or to do lists  1 had plans for human sacrifices  Suggesting fear of major disaster  Last day on the tablets (frozen in time)  Destroyed – How? o Thoughts (Myths):  Invasion by Dorians – sons of Hercules  Natural disaster (Volcano)  Plaque/famine/revolution  If a city was not destroyed it went into an economic depression  Egypt was invaded by sea people  o Perhaps the people who hurt Greece or people running  away from Greece  Dark ages (1100­800 BC) o No literature at all o Started after the destructions of the cities o No big cities left, only small communities  Leading to small kingdoms (no Wanax, only Basile)   Why Homer only knew about them  People were very poor  Archaic thriod (800­500BC) o 8  century revolution o Cities rise again (Polis – grand city) o Growth in population o Writing starts again  laws o End of illiteracy (Homer first literature of the age)   Elders illiterate, so Homer thought everyone from the past was also  Why the heros were illiterate  Homer wrote about Troy from all the verbal stories passed down o Also a reason why it was slightly altered from what was  real o Based on Dark ages because that is what people  remembered better


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